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Social Sciences x Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice x clear all

Adolescent Crime and Victimization

Holly Foster.

in The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime

May 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 10918 words.

This essay examines sex/gender differences and similarities in offending and victimization among young people. Gender differences are pronounced for violent behaviors and smaller for minor...

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Adolescent Development, Delinquency, and Juvenile Justice

Jennifer L. Woolard.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 7255 words.

Some form of delinquency is a normative part of adolescence for a majority of teens, yet the consequences of risky behavior and juvenile justice involvement can be severe. This article...

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Adolescent Precursors of White-Collar Crime

Simon I. Singer.

in The Oxford Handbook of White-Collar Crime

May 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corporate Crime; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 9085 words.

Delinquency in adolescence is a known precursor to adult criminality. Nonetheless, the delinquencies of adolescents are generally considered irrelevant to adult white-collar crime. This...

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Case Study

Jody Miller.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

January 2014; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 12997 words.

Scholarship on race, crime, and justice often remains gender blind. Researchers cannot fully understand the influences of race and racism without serious consideration of its gendered...

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Case Study

David J. Harding.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

January 2014; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 13473 words.

Disadvantaged neighborhoods can affect criminal behavior, increasing the risk of late-onset juvenile delinquency even for young people not otherwise at risk of delinquent behavior due to...

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Case Study

Kevin O’Neill.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

January 2014; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; International and Comparative Criminology; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 10068 words.

Important research focuses on why thousands of young men and women join youth gangs, but much can be learned from looking at a single life in order to understand ways individuals manage to...

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Case Study

Sveinung Sandberg.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

January 2014; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; International and Comparative Criminology; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Drugs Trade. 11239 words.

An ethnographic study of a group of young black men dealing cannabis at a drug scene called The River in Oslo demonstrates that accumulation and use of street capital can be seen as...

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Child sexual abuse

Dana Hayward and Ross E. Cheit.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sex Offences and Sex Offenders

January 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 9371 words.

Child sexual abuse is a significant moral, legal, and social problem. Approximately 5 to 8 per cent of adult men and 15 to 20 per cent of adult women in the United States experienced sexual...

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Child Social Skills Training in the Prevention of Antisocial Development and Crime

Friedrich Lösel and Doris Bender.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 12618 words.

This article studies child social skills training, which can be easily implemented by teachers in schools or preschools. This training aims to prevent antisocial development in children,...

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Commercial sexual exploitation of children

Jenny Pearce.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sex Offences and Sex Offenders

January 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 7778 words.

This essay explores key questions emerging from recent research with children who experience commercial child sexual exploitation. It examines the discrepancies between children’s right to...

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Communities and Delinquency

Charis E. Kubrin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 6363 words.

The community or neighborhood in which juvenile lives constitute an important context and it influences juvenile delinquency. This article describes the role of communities in the...

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Competence and Criminal Responsibility in Adolescent Defendants

Jodi Viljoen, Erika Penner and Ronald Roesch.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 10222 words.

The law has required that adult defendants cannot be tried unless they have an ability to understand and participate adequately in legal proceedings against them. Another legal protection...

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The Conundrum of Girls and Juvenile Justice Processing

Kimberly Kempf‐Leonard.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Courts and Procedure. 18354 words.

Due to the under-representation of females, public officials have paid less attention to understanding their offending or to developing and assessing prevention and intervention strategies...

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Critical Perspectives on Gangs

David C. Brotherton.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Critical Criminology; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 10117 words.

The majority of studies on youth gangs are in the tradition of positivistic social science. When natural science is taken as the paradigm, a premium is placed on the value neutrality of the...

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Delinquency and Comorbid Conditions

Tamara M. Haegerich and Patrick H. Tolan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 10205 words.

Youth who engage in delinquent acts are often more troubled than even their most antisocial behavior suggests. Much criminal behavior can be attributed to a child psychiatric disorder....

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Delinquency Prevention

Brandon C. Welsh.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Crime Prevention. 9353 words.

Delinquency prevention involves intervening in the lives of children and youths before they engage in delinquency. Delinquency control or repression responds to individuals after a...

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Detention

William H. Barton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Prisons and Jails. 12173 words.

The term detention refers to that part of the juvenile justice system that handles youths between the time of their arrest and court hearings. Detention centers are secure facilities...

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Developmental and Life-Course Perspectives on Gangs

Molly Buchanan, Elise T. Simonsen and Marvin D. Krohn.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 12714 words.

With distinct advances since the 1980s, developmental, life-course criminology has expanded to become one of the most prominent subdivisions in the field of criminology, as the knowledge...

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The Elusive Juvenile Court

David S. Tanenhaus.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Courts and Procedure. 10947 words.

This article traces the ideological origins and legal foundations of the juvenile court. It examines juvenile courts at work in the early twentieth century, their guiding principles, and...

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An Emergent Situational and Transactional Theory of Urban Youth Violence

Deanna L. Wilkinson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 7342 words.

Youth violence is a public health problem that compromises the healthy development of youth and communities. This article makes an attempt to develop a theoretical model of the situational...

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