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An Absence of Advocates: How the ‘Welfare’ Lobby Lost Its Voice

Leo F. Goodstadt.

in Poverty in the Midst of Affluence

September 2013; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 10317 words.

This chapter shows how the community came to give overriding priority to the preservation of Hong Kong’s unique combination of personal freedom, social stability and open and honest...

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The Accelerating Integration of Banks and Markets and its Implications for Regulation

Arnoud W. A. Boot and Anjan V. Thakor.

in The Oxford Handbook of Banking

January 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Financial Markets; Public Economics. 14413 words.

This article examines how banks choose between relationship- and transactions-based lending, and more generally the role of debt versus equity instruments and the economic functions of...

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Access to Adequate Nutritious Food: New Indicators to Track Progress and Inform Action

Anna Herforth.

in The Fight Against Hunger and Malnutrition

May 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth; Public Economics. 9494 words.

New indicators are needed for global monitoring of access to and consumption of adequate nutritious food. These indicators would fill a basic information gap necessary to understand the...

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Accomplishing State Budget Policy and Process Reforms

Iris J. Lav.

in The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government Finance

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Public Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics. 10887 words.

This article tackles the issue of comprehensive state budget reform. With structural deficits rampant, reform is needed to maintain the current level of programs that states and localities...

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An account of the Washington Lend Lease negotiations 1944 by E. A. G. Robinson

Prue Kerr.

in Contributions to Political Economy

November 2003; p ublished online November 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Economic Thought; Public Economics; Political Economy. 0 words.

In September 1944, John Maynard Keynes set sail for Washington where Keynes was to be a key negotiator in the talks leading up to Stage II of Lend Lease. Accompanying him and his wife was...

Accountability, information, and yardstick competition

Pierre Salmon.

in Yardstick Competition among Governments

June 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 11965 words.

The chapter follows the logic of the relation between downward accountability, the information asymmetry faced by voters or citizens, and yardstick competition. Assuming that the...

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Accountability, Political Parties, and the Media

Duncan Green.

in How Change Happens

October 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth; Public Economics. 7239 words.

This chapter discusses political parties and the media as two crucial institutions that provide avenues for accountability, as well as the burgeoning field of ‘social accountability’, in...

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Accounting for Exclusivism

Michael Shalev.

in Labour and the Political Economy in Israel

March 1992; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 18992 words.

This chapter discusses national exclusivism, which characterized the mobilization of the Jewish working class in Palestine. It distinguishes the Israeli case from its social-democratic...

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Accounting for Hegemony

Michael Shalev.

in Labour and the Political Economy in Israel

March 1992; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 18550 words.

This chapter discusses Mapai, the Hebrew acronym for Palestine Workers' Party. This party is one of the few political parties in the West that successfully attained the status of ‘dominant...

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Accounting for South Africa's Growth Revival after 1994

Stan Du Plessis and Ben Smit.

in South African Economic Policy under Democracy

March 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 12495 words.

This chapter describes, identifies underlying factors, and seeks explanations for South Africa's economic recovery since 1994. It begins with a description of the trends in aggregate and...

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Accounting for Stability

Bill Martin and Robert Rowthorn.

in CESifo Economic Studies

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Economics. 0 words.

There is no consensus about the causes of the reduction in business cycle volatility seen in many major economies over the last decade. Using stylised models of the economies of the US,...

ACCUMULATION, CAPACITY UTILISATION AND DISTRIBUTION

MAN-SEOP PARK.

in Contributions to Political Economy

June 1997; p ublished online June 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Economic Thought; Public Economics; Political Economy. 0 words.

This paper examines three approaches to the process of accumulation which are based on the ‘Keynesian premise’: the ‘neo-Keynesian’, the ‘Kaleckian’ and the ‘Sraffian’. Making some...

ACE versus CBIT: Which is Better for Investment and Welfare?

Doina Maria Radulescu and Michael Stimmelmayr.

in CESifo Economic Studies

June 2007; p ublished online June 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Economics. 12251 words.

This article analyses the switch to an Allowance for Corporate Equity (ACE) or to a Comprehensive Business Income Tax (CBIT) type of tax system starting from the present German tax system....

Achieving Fiscal Sustainability for State and Local Governments

Robert B. Ward.

in The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government Finance

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Public Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics. 8727 words.

Over the last decade, observers of state and local finances have been alarmed over an emerging picture of long-term, structural imbalances. This article examines the concept of fiscal...

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Achieving Gender Equality: Development versus Historical Legacies

Selin Dilli, Auke Rijpma and Sarah G. Carmichael.

in CESifo Economic Studies

March 2015; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Economics. 10427 words.

Economic development is often held to be beneficial for gender equality. However, there is good reason to believe that persistent institutions such as religion, legal traditions, and family...

Action Delayed

Henry Phelps Brown.

in Egalitarianism and the Generation of Inequality

November 1988; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Economics. 7269 words.

By the time of the revolutions in America and France, and of the rapid development in the British economy, changes of outlook had been brought about that prepared influential sectors of...

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Active labour-market policies: a case of evidence-based policy-making?

P Robinson.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

March 2000; p ublished online March 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth; Public Economics; Political Economy; Public Policy. 0 words.

The 1990s was a decade of renewed enthusiasm for active labour-market policies. However, it is not clear that this was the result of an appreciation of the evidence on the effectiveness of...

Adam Smith and his books

Giancarlo de Vivo.

in Contributions to Political Economy

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Economic Thought; Public Economics; Political Economy. 0 words.

Adam Smith on Empire and International Relations

Edwin Van De Haar.

in The Oxford Handbook of Adam Smith

May 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Economic History; Public Economics. 12337 words.

International affairs were a main concern for Smith, yet his views on this topic are largely overlooked or misinterpreted. As a result, the academic literature still contains many erroneous...

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Adaptation amidst Prosperity and Adversity

Carol Graham and The Brookings Institution.

in Policies for Happiness

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economics; Public Economics. 12909 words.

Some individuals who are destitute report to be happy, while others who are very wealthy report to be miserable. There are many possible explanations for this paradox; this chapter focuses...

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