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Age, seniority and labour costs: lessons from the Finnish IT revolution

Francesco Daveri and Mika Maliranta.

in Economic Policy

January 2007; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 22547 words.

The bad labour market performance of the workforce over 50 indicates that an aged workforce is often a burden for firms. Our paper seeks to investigate whether and why this is the case by...

Ageing and unused capacity in Europe: is there an early retirement trap?

Viola Angelini, Agar Brugiavini and Guglielmo Weber.

in Economic Policy

July 2009; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 16832 words.

We address the issue of how early retirement may interact with limited use of financial markets in producing financial hardship later in life, when some risks (such as long-term care) are...

Agglomeration, Growth and Regional Equity: An Analysis of Agriculture- versus Urban-led Development in Uganda

Paul Dorosh and James Thurlow.

in Journal of African Economies

January 2012; p ublished online August 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Regional Government Analysis; General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium; Economic Development. 8698 words.

Traditional development models focus on the sector rather than location of growth. Advocates of agriculture-led strategies emphasise agriculture's strong growth linkages and potential to...

The Amenity and Disamenity Impacts of Agriculture: Estimates from a Hedonic Pricing Model

Richard C. Ready and Charles W. Abdalla.

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

May 2005; p ublished online May 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Regional Government Analysis; Agricultural Economics. 7783 words.

The positive and negative externalities from farmland are increasingly a focus of public policy discussion about agriculture and land use. A GIS-based hedonic pricing model shows that...

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The Americanization of European football

Thomas Hoehn and Stefan Szymanski.

in Economic Policy

April 1999; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 0 words.

SUMMARY

European football The structure of leagues and revenue sharing

Will European football keep leagues open, or adopt the American system of...

Analysis of spreads in the dollar/euro and deutschemark/dollar foreign exchange markets

Charles Goodhart, Ryan Love, Richard Payne and Dagfinn Rime.

in Economic Policy

October 2002; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 6711 words.

Forex markets and the euro

Dollar spreads: mark versus euro

We compute bid-ask spreads for the dollar/euro exchange rate market and find them to be substantially larger...

Anatomy of employment growth

Pietro Garibaldi and Paolo Mauro.

in Economic Policy

April 2002; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 17626 words.

This paper studies net employment growth across 21 OECD economies since 1980, focusing on the wide range of experiences within the European Union. The initial composition of employment...

Anti-congestion policies in cities with public transportation

Akin C. Buyukeren and Tomoru Hiramatsu.

in Journal of Economic Geography

March 2016; p ublished online January 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare Economics; Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue; Publicly Provided Goods; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Transportation Systems; Regional Government Analysis. 9966 words.

We study how congestion tolls and an urban growth boundary should be designed optimally in a monocentric city with both car and public transit commuting from the suburbs to the central...

Are aid agencies improving?

William Easterly.

in Economic Policy

October 2007; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 20235 words.

The record of the aid agencies over time seems to indicate weak evidence of progress in response to learning from experience, new knowledge, or changes in political climate. The few...

Are big cities really the motor of UK regional economic growth?

Steve Fothergill and Donald Houston.

in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society

July 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Development Planning and Policy; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Housing Markets, Production Analysis, and Business Location; Regional Government Analysis. 9011 words.

In the UK, the increasingly dominant assumption is that the big cities are the motor of regional economic growth. This city-centric view stands in marked contrast to the pre-2000 assumption...

Are contributions to public pension programmes a tax on employment?

Richard Disney.

in Economic Policy

July 2004; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 17444 words.

Many studies describe the potentially adverse impact on employment of the payroll costs of financing public pension programmes. Conventionally, empirical studies treat contributions to...

The arms trade

Paul Levine and Ron Smith.

in Economic Policy

October 1997; p ublished online November 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 0 words.

SUMMARY

The arms trade Winners and losers

The arms trade is highly controversial and raises difficult policy issues. The controversies tend to...

Assessing China's exchange rate regime

Jeffrey A. Frankel and Shang-Jin Wei.

in Economic Policy

July 2007; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 20980 words.

The IMF Articles of Agreement forbid a country from manipulating its currency for unfair advantage. The US Treasury has been legally required since 1988 to report to Congress biannually...

Assessing the fiscal stance in the European Union and the United States, 1970–2011

Vito Polito and Michael Wickens.

in Economic Policy

October 2011; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 18820 words.

The huge increases in debt-GDP ratios following the 2007–2009 global financial crisis, which are unprecedented except in times of war, has focused attention on the viability of the fiscal...

The asymmetrical impact of the economic crisis on unemployment and welfare in Greek urban economies

Theodosios Palaskas, Yannis Psycharis, Antonis Rovolis and Chrysostomos Stoforos.

in Journal of Economic Geography

September 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Regional Government Analysis; Economic Development. 14687 words.

The article analyses the impact of the ongoing economic crisis on Greek urban economies. Utilizing a dataset of socio-economic, demographic and policy variables at the municipal level and...

Austerity in 2009–13

Alberto Alesina, Omar Barbiero, Carlo Favero, Francesco Giavazzi and Matteo Paradisi.

in Economic Policy

July 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 21115 words.

The conventional wisdom is (i) that fiscal austerity was the main culprit for the recessions experienced by many countries, especially in Europe, since 2010 and (ii) that this round of...

Austerity in the city: economic crisis and urban service decline?

Betsy Donald, Amy Glasmeier, Mia Gray and Linda Lobao.

in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society

March 2014; p ublished online February 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Regional Government Analysis; Economics. 7036 words.

The city is a significant level of geography at which to examine the economic, political and social implications of austerity. We consider how the financial crisis originated in the urban...

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Austria in the European Union: dynamic gains from integration and distributional implications

Christian Keuschnigg and Wilhelm Kohler.

in Economic Policy

April 1996; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 0 words.

Summary

Austria in the European Union

Dynamic gains from integration and distributional implications

This article proposes to measure the...

Awarding telecom licences: the recent European experience

Tilman Börgers and Christian Dustmann.

in Economic Policy

April 2003; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 23434 words.

This paper analyses the procedures used by different European countries for awarding spectrum licences to potential operators of third generation (3G) mobile telephone networks. We contrast...

Bank bias in Europe: effects on systemic risk and growth

Sam Langfield and Marco Pagano.

in Economic Policy

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 24291 words.

Europe’s financial structure has become strongly bank-based–far more so than in other economies. We document that an increase in the size of the banking system relative to equity and...