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Social Sciences x Natural Disasters (Environment) x clear all

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ACCESS model

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 147 words.

One of two models, the other being the *pressure and release model (PAR model), that have been developed by

accident

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 66 words.

An event with a negative, unwanted outcome. The meaning of the term has developed over the last centuries from the

adaptation

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 78 words.

The process of change, for example of strategy, mode of operation, or form of organization, to adjust to new circumstances.

adaptive planning

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 135 words.

A common-sense approach to planning that applies existing plans to novel circumstances by decreasing the level of detail of the

altruism

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 156 words.

Denotes people’s tendency to help others rather than behave selfishly or panic in *disasters and *emergencies. Since

apocalypse

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 101 words.

The end of the world as described in the Bible’s Book of Revelation. It is the ultimate disaster that challenges

Area Command

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 46 words.

A strategic-level organization in the *National Incident Management System that oversees the management of multiple incidents, usually physically separated

Asian Disaster Preparedness Center

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 89 words.

An independent *NGO operating in the Asia-Pacific region. Launched in 1986, ADPC works to promote disaster awareness and

asset

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 67 words.

Any physical or intangible entity with a defined ownership that provides service or gives value to a process, system, or

assistance

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 135 words.

Denotes any kind of professional aid flowing from unaffected areas into a *disaster or *emergency *response or

avalanche

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 268 words.

A *mass movement of rapidly falling or sliding snow and ice, often mixed with soil and rock. Avalanches represent

base camp

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 81 words.

A temporary facility providing appropriate living and working conditions to staff engaged in *emergency or *disaster relief operations.

biological hazards

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 180 words.

Organisms, or organic matters produced by organisms, that are harmful to human health. These include parasites, viruses, bacteria, fungi, and

blame avoidance

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 101 words.

Posits that political leaders and bureaucrats primarily seek to claim credit for positive outcomes and minimize blame for negative outcomes.

blind retrospection

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 106 words.

Political theory of voter retrospection that assumes that, in *disaster situations, voters possess bounded rationality and will therefore not

buffer zone

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 90 words.

An area between two differently zoned areas that serves the objective of preventing adverse effects in one specific zone to

building codes

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 121 words.

Requirements used by architects, builders, and developers to guide the design of buildings to resist natural *hazards. Building

business continuity management

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 166 words.

A holistic process aimed at strengthening an organization’s ability to sustain performance under pressure. The history of BCM can be

business continuity plan

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 189 words.

The processes and procedures that are carried out by an organization to ensure that mission-critical functions continue to operate during

capability

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 77 words.

A property of a person, an organization, or a system in the shape of a feature, faculty, or process that