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You are looking at 1-20 of 38 items for:

Social Sciences x Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science) x clear all

Addressing Climate Change Through Education

Tamara Shapiro Ledley, Juliette Rooney-Varga and Frank Niepold.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Sustainability. 14445 words.

The scientific community has made the urgent need to mitigate climate change clear and, with the ratification of the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate...

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Air Pollution and Weather Interaction in East Asia

Aijun Ding, Xin Huang and Congbin Fu.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmental Science; Biomes and Habitats; Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Earth Sciences and Geography. 9986 words.

Air pollution is one of the grand environmental challenges in developing countries, especially those with high population density like China. High concentrations of primary and secondary...

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Arid Environments

Julie Laity.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Biomes and Habitats; Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Earth Sciences and Geography. 12002 words.

Arid environments cover about one third of the Earth’s surface, comprising the most extensive of the terrestrial biomes. Deserts show considerable individual variation in climate,...

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Atmospheric Brown Clouds

Sumit Sharma, Liliana Nunez and Veerabhadran Ramanathan.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online December 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science). 8227 words.

Atmospheric brown clouds (ABCs) are widespread pollution clouds that can at times span an entire continent or an ocean basin. ABCs extend vertically from the ground upward to as high as 3...

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Biodiversity Generation and Loss

T.H. Oliver.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science). 13038 words.

Human activities in the Anthropocene are influencing the twin processes of biodiversity generation and loss in complex ways that threaten the maintenance of biodiversity levels that...

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Biodiversity Hotspots and Conservation Priorities

Peter Kareiva and Isaac Kareiva.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science). 7148 words.

The concept of biodiversity hotspots arose as a science-based framework with which to identify high-priority areas for habitat protection and conservation—often in the form of nature...

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Causes of Soil Salinization, Sodification, and Alkalinization

Elisabeth N. Bui.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Earth Sciences and Geography; Agriculture and Farming. 10003 words.

Driving forces for natural soil salinity and alkalinity are climate, rock weathering, ion exchange, and mineral equilibria reactions that ultimately control the chemical composition of soil...

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Classification and Mitigation of Soil Salinization

Tibor Tóth.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 10205 words.

Soil salinity has been causing problems for agriculturists for millennia, primarily in irrigated lands. The importance of salinity issues is increasing, since large areas are affected by...

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Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture across Africa

Laura Pereira.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 12222 words.

Confidence in the projected impacts of climate change on agricultural systems has increased substantially since the first Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports. In...

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Deforestation

Christiane Runyan and Jeff Stehm.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science). 532 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article.

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Deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon

Phillip Fearnside.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science). 21763 words.

Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia destroys environmental services that are important for the whole world, and especially for Brazil itself. These services include maintaining...

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Ecological Effects of Environmental Stressors

Bill Freedman.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science). 10360 words.

Regimes of environmental stress are exceedingly complex. Particular stressors exist within continua of intensity of environmental factors. Those factors interact with each other, and their...

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Economics of Low Carbon Agriculture

Dominic Moran and Jorie Knook.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Sociology; Sustainability; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 8703 words.

Climate change is already having a significant impact on agriculture through greater weather variability and the increasing frequency of extreme events. International policy is rightly...

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The Economics of Watershed Management

Brent M. Haddad.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Environmental Economics. 6598 words.

Watersheds are physical regions from which all arriving water flows to a single exit point. The shared hydrology means that other biophysical systems are linked, typically with...

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Ecosystem Management of the Boreal Forest

Timo Kuuluvainen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online December 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Biomes and Habitats; Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Sustainability. 11094 words.

Boreal countries are rich in forest resources, and for their area, they produce a disproportionally large share of the lumber, pulp, and paper bound for the global market. These countries...

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Ecosystem Services and Human Health

Elisabet Lindgren and Thomas Elmqvist.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Sustainability. 5458 words.

Ecosystem services refer to benefits for human societies and well-being obtained from ecosystems. Research on health effects of ecosystem services have until recently mostly focused on...

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The Emergence of Environment as a Security Imperative

Felix Dodds.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Environmental History. 12774 words.

The emergence of environment as a security imperative is something that could have been avoided. Early indications showed that if governments did not pay attention to critical environmental...

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Environmental Geology and Sustainability of Deltas

Enuvie G. Akpokodje.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Biomes and Habitats; Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science). 16744 words.

Deltas have played a significant role in the growth of human civilization because of their unique economic and ecological importance. However, deltas are becoming increasingly vulnerable...

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Environmental History of the Mississippi River and Delta

Christopher Morris.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Ecology and Conservation; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental History. 10360 words.

The Mississippi River, the longest in North America, is really two rivers geophysically. The volume is less, the slope steeper, the velocity greater, and the channel straighter in its upper...

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Evolutionary Impacts of Climate Change

Juha Merilä and Ary A. Hoffmann.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Ecology and Conservation. 6182 words.

Changing climatic conditions have both direct and indirect influences on abiotic and biotic processes and represent a potent source of novel selection pressures for adaptive evolution. In...

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