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air defence identification zone (in relation to China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 106 words.

A designated airspace in which a country seeks to control and monitor all civilian aviation. It is a tool of ...

anti-imperialism (in relation to China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 133 words.

A term in international relations denoting an opposition to, and a desire for emancipation from, imperial rule or domination by an external country or ...

anti-satellite weapons (in relation to China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 77 words.

An offensive, space-bound ordnance system designed to annihilate or debilitate satellites for strategic military advantage. They are particularly potent in an era when remote ...

area denial (in relation to China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 96 words.

A policy approach that seeks to fashion a protective buffer around a country’s continental and maritime periphery, so as to deter military attacks against its mainland. A central aim in...

Arunachal Pradesh

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 62 words.

An area of land disputed between China and India. Claimed by China as part of Tibet, it is currently a state within India, and has been previously occupied by China during the ...

‘Asian Century’ (in relation to China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 82 words.

A term referring to the expected political and cultural dominance of global affairs in the twenty-first century by countries situated in Asia. This projection rests upon the combined...

Asian Financial Crisis (1997) (in relation to China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 135 words.

A devastating economic disaster in South East Asia. It occurred when large amounts of mainly Western investment were hastily withdrawn from several countries in the region that had...

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (in relation to China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 160 words.

A supranational investment bank, established with India in October 2014. It held its inaugural meeting in January 2016 that drew together more than fifty Asian and Western countries...

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (in relation to China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 136 words.

A regional intergovernmental body founded in 1967 that facilitates economic, security, diplomatic, and social cooperation between its ten members (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos,...

authoritarianism (in relation to China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 96 words.

A type of government based on strong central authority and limited political freedom. Although it may be slowly fragmenting, it is currently evident in China from the end of the ...

autocracy (in relation to China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 118 words.

A governing system in which all power—political, social, and economic—rests in the hands of one supreme individual. It typified China during the leadership of ...

Belgrade Bombing (1999)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 98 words.

An attack on the Chinese embassy in Belgrade on 7 May 1999. It was carried out by the CIA as part of a ...

blue-water strategy (in relation to China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 74 words.

A tactic intended to develop a maritime force that is capable of operating in all of the world’s oceans. Gaining such a capability is a central aim of the ...

‘branch and lump’

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 115 words.

A term used to explain the near-federal form of administration between the central government of the People’s Republic of China and the country’s ...

Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (in relation to China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 114 words.

An international grouping representing the global interests of several major emergent developing economies. It was initially formed in 2009 and consisted of Brazil, Russia, India, and China...

C4I (in relation to China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 80 words.

A term describing the elements essential to the organizational and technical coordination of a country’s military resources. In China, it relates to the country’s ongoing ...

Central Committee (of the Chinese Communist Party)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 101 words.

The primary elite body of the *Chinese Communist Party. It meets annually and—since 1982—its 300–400 members have been elected every five years by the ...

Central Discipline Inspection Commission (of the Chinese Communist Party)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 92 words.

A bureaucratic body concerned with internal control within the *Chinese Communist Party. It has responsibility for punishing any transgressions of the Party’s rules and regulations and for...

Central Military Commissions (in China)

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 115 words.

Bodies that set national defence policy. With one on the government side and one on the party side, they are led by civilian party leaders and chaired by the ...

Central Propaganda/Publicity Department

Chris Ogden.

in A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

P ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chinese Politics. 93 words.

An internal body of the *Chinese Communist Party dealing with ideology-related matters and information management. It controls and censors the country’s media, and grants licences to media...