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Social Sciences x Poverty x clear all

African American Social Welfare History

Iris Carlton-LaNey.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Social Policy and Advocacy; Social Work Practice Settings; Poverty; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights. 7450 words.

This article discusses the African American social welfare system that began to develop during the early 20th century. This social welfare system, designed by African Americans to serve...

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African Americans: Overview

Larry E. Davis, John M. Wallace and Trina R. Williams Shanks.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Social Policy and Advocacy; Social Work Practice Settings; Poverty; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights. 8081 words.

African Americans have been a part of the nation's history for nearly four hundred years. Although their history includes the forced imposition of chattel slavery, the strict enforcement of...

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American Social Security System

Eric R. Kingson, Dana Bell and Sarah Shive.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Public and Nonprofit Management; Care of the Elderly; Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty. 9061 words.

This entry examines why our nation’s Social Security system was built, what it does, and what must be done to maintain and improve this foundational system for current and future...

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Asset Building Toward Inclusive Policy

Michael Sherraden, Lissa Johnson, Margaret M. Clancy, Sondra G. Beverly, Margaret Sherrard Sherraden, Mark Schreiner, William Elliot, Trina R. Williams Shanks, Deborah Adams, Jami Curley, Jin Huang, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Yunju Nam, Min Zhan and Chang-Keun Han.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: International and Global Issues in Social Work; Social Work Macro Practice; Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty; Social Work Research and Evidence-based Practice; Social Justice and Human Rights. 6474 words.

Since 1991, a new policy discussion has arisen in the United States and other countries, focusing on building assets as a complement to traditional social policy based on income. In fact,...

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Capacity Development and Building

DeBrenna LaFa Agbényiga.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Public and Nonprofit Management; International and Global Issues in Social Work; Social Work Macro Practice; Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty. 11952 words.

As a profession, social workers must understand and work well within the realms of capacity development. This understanding is important because it provides a foundation for working at the...

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Combating poverty

Philip N. Jefferson.

in Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

July 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Poverty. 6871 words.

Although poverty reduction has not occurred as fast as anyone would like, we know a considerable amount about what is helpful in the struggle against poverty. We also know a lot about what...

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Community Economic Development

Margaret Sherrard Sherraden and Lisa Reyes Mason.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Social Work Macro Practice; Social Policy and Advocacy; Social Work Practice Settings; Poverty. 4052 words.

Community economic development (CED) is an integrated and community-driven approach to development aimed at generating wealth, capabilities, and empowerment in low-income and low-wealth...

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Disparities and Inequalities

King Davis and Hyejin Jung.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Poverty; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights. 5966 words.

This entry defines the term disparity as measurable differences between groups on a number of indices. The term disparity originated in France in the 16th century and has been used as a...

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Disproportionality and Disparities

Rowena Fong, Ruth McRoy and Alan Dettlaff.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Poverty; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights. 5872 words.

Racial disproportionality and disparities are problems affecting children and families of color in the child welfare, juvenile justice, education, mental-health, and health-care systems....

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Distribution and mobility

Philip N. Jefferson.

in Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

July 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Poverty. 4086 words.

We all start out in a given position in society and with a level of income (or wealth). What determines where we will end up? Will we be better off than our parents were? For people living...

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Early Childhood Home Visiting

Melissa Lim Brodowski, Jacqueline Counts and Aislinn Conrad-Hiebner.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online February 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Social Work; Couple and Family Social Work; Social Work Practice Settings; Poverty; Social Work Research and Evidence-based Practice. 10236 words.

This chapter provides an overview of early-childhood home-visiting programs and offers a brief summary of the research, policy, and practice issues. The first section defines home visiting...

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Earned Income Tax Credit

Melinda Lewis and Sondra G. Beverly.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty. 2345 words.

The federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a refundable tax credit for working families with low and moderate incomes. The credit provides a substantial income supplement to families...

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Economic Insecurity and Family Well-Being

Janice Berry-Edwards.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online February 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Couple and Family Social Work; Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty. 8068 words.

Economic insecurity and family Well-Being is a growing concern for American society. With the dramatic changes that occurred following the “great recession” of 2008, and the lingering...

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Economic Justice

Louise Simmons.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Social Work Macro Practice; Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty; Social Justice and Human Rights. 11149 words.

Social work often refers to economic justice but rarely considers what economic justice truly entails. This article specifies a number of areas that comprise economic justice issues and...

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Economics and Social Welfare

Michael Anthony Lewis.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty. 5275 words.

This article covers basic economic concepts, as well as their relevance to social welfare policy. It defines economics, and follows this with discussions of microeconomic concepts, such as...

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Employment and Unemployment

Michelle Livermore.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty; Social Justice and Human Rights. 3378 words.

Different types of employment and unemployment are defined and the measurement of these concepts is illustrated. Unemployment trends among different groups in the United States are...

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Financial Capability

Margaret Sherrard Sherraden.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Social Policy and Advocacy; Social Work Practice Settings; Poverty. 8377 words.

Financial capability combines the ability to act with the opportunity to act in ways that contribute to financial functioning. As large numbers of people struggle to manage their household...

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Financial Inclusion and Financial Access

Julie Birkenmaier, Mathieu Despard, Terri Friedline and Jin Huang.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 10298 words.

Financial inclusion, the goal of financial access, broadly refers to the ability of all people in a society to access and be empowered to use safe, affordable, relevant, and convenient...

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Food (In)Security

Maryah Stella Fram.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Couple and Family Social Work; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Social Policy and Advocacy; Social Work Practice Settings; Poverty. 8108 words.

This entry provides an overview of current knowledge and thinking about the nature, causes, and consequences of food insecurity as well as information about the major policies and programs...

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Foster Care

Joyce E. Everett.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Public and Nonprofit Management; Child and Adolescent Social Work; Couple and Family Social Work; Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty. 9592 words.

Social work has long been involved in child foster care. Though its initial involvement de-emphasized the importance of infant–caregiver attachment, Bowlby’s theory of attachment is...

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