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Gurucharan Gollerkeri and Natasha Chhabra.

in Migration Matters

July 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Migration Studies; Population and Demography. 5164 words.

There is need to examine who gets what and why from freer trans-national mobility or the lack of it. A vast majority of migrants are denied access to social security, civic services and...

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Adolescence

Melissa R. Herman.

in Sociology

P ublished online April 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology; Comparative and Historical Sociology; Economic Sociology; Gender and Sexuality; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography; Race and Ethnicity; Social Movements and Social Change; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Social Theory. 13786 words.

The sociology of adolescence focuses on biological, social, economic, and psychological development of youth during the period between childhood and adulthood. In this period, typical youth...

African Americans

Alford A. Young, Jr..

in Sociology

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology; Comparative and Historical Sociology; Economic Sociology; Gender and Sexuality; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography; Race and Ethnicity; Social Movements and Social Change; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Social Theory. 7641 words.

African Americans have been the focus of wide-ranging studies in sociology for more than a century. Research on this group has been central to the formation of the sociological subfields of...

African Societies

Linda Semu.

in Sociology

P ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology; Comparative and Historical Sociology; Economic Sociology; Gender and Sexuality; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography; Race and Ethnicity; Social Movements and Social Change; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Social Theory. 9466 words.

African societies are complex and diverse, requiring an interdisciplinary approach to evaluate and understand the continent’s economic, political, social, and cultural institutions and...

Aftereffects of Utopian Practice

Andrea Muehlebach.

in The Moral Neoliberal

June 2012; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Population and Demography. 14849 words.

This chapter explores the ways in which ethical citizenship operates as a depoliticizing tool while simultaneously opening up new political possibilities. Almost all the volunteers the...

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Afterword

Dhruv Raina.

in Public Health and Private Wealth

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography. 5927 words.

This chpater examines the dual career of the category ‘indigenous knowledge’ within development practice and science studies. It shows how the interest in indigenous knowledge emerged in...

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Agent-Based Modeling

Edmund Chattoe-Brown.

in Sociology

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology; Comparative and Historical Sociology; Economic Sociology; Gender and Sexuality; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography; Race and Ethnicity; Social Movements and Social Change; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Social Theory. 6909 words.

Agent-Based Modeling is a research method that represents theories of social behavior as computer programs of a particular kind, rather than narratives (as ethnography does) or equations...

Age-Specific Homicide Rates

Fred C. Pampel.

in The Institutional Context of Population Change

October 2001; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Population and Demography. 8354 words.

This chapter tests the argument that cohort size will have positive effects on homicide deaths among groups that depend on market earnings and will have negative effects on homicide deaths...

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Age-Specific Suicide Rates

Fred C. Pampel.

in The Institutional Context of Population Change

October 2001; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Population and Demography. 7498 words.

The relationship between cohort size and suicide entails considerable complexity. Chapter 6 attempted to make sense of the diverse theories and findings by arguing that suicide has a...

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Aging

Peter Uhlenberg.

in Sociology

P ublished online July 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology; Comparative and Historical Sociology; Economic Sociology; Gender and Sexuality; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography; Race and Ethnicity; Social Movements and Social Change; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Social Theory. 10173 words.

Although the sociology of aging focuses primarily on the later years of life, it is grounded in an understanding that aging of individuals is a lifelong process of growing up and growing...

American Exceptionalism Revisited

Joshua T. McCabe.

in The Fiscalization of Social Policy

July 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Movements and Social Change; Population and Demography. 9225 words.

Chapter 1 challenges the conventional wisdom on American exceptionalism in regard to tax and social policy. After setting up the puzzle and outlining why previous theories cannot explain...

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American Modernity

Lawrence A. Scaff.

in Max Weber in America

January 2011; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Population and Demography. 9246 words.

This chapter examines Max Weber's thoughts on American modernity based on his observations during his trip to New York City. It first considers Max and Marianne Weber's experience with...

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Analysing segregation using individualised neighbourhoods

John Östh, Bo Malmberg and Eva K. Andersson.

in Social-spatial segregation

August 2014; p ublished online May 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Population and Demography. 7744 words.

Current approaches of measuring segregation are constrained by data derived from census enumeration units of pre-defined boundaries, and the fact that the measures cannot reflect individual...

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Anarchism

Ruth Kinna.

in Sociology

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology; Comparative and Historical Sociology; Economic Sociology; Gender and Sexuality; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography; Race and Ethnicity; Social Movements and Social Change; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Social Theory. 15642 words.

Anarchism developed as a distinctive strain within radical and revolutionary thought in the mid-19th century. The political theory, often associated with Pierre-Joseph Proudhon...

Anomie and Strain Theory

Seth B. Abrutyn.

in Sociology

P ublished online September 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology; Comparative and Historical Sociology; Economic Sociology; Gender and Sexuality; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography; Race and Ethnicity; Social Movements and Social Change; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Social Theory. 7396 words.

Few concepts truly belong to the sociological lexicon like anomie does. First appearing in French theorist Émile Durkheim’s earliest work as an abnormal form of the division of labor, the...

Arab Spring, Mobilization, and Contentious Politics in the Middle East

Atef Said.

in Sociology

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology; Comparative and Historical Sociology; Economic Sociology; Gender and Sexuality; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography; Race and Ethnicity; Social Movements and Social Change; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Social Theory. 20262 words.

The following is an annotated bibliography on the Arab Spring, specifically in relation to social movements and revolutions. This list is not comprehensive by any means. There are three...

Asian Americans

Jennifer C. Lee and Alexander Lu.

in Sociology

P ublished online July 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology; Comparative and Historical Sociology; Economic Sociology; Gender and Sexuality; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography; Race and Ethnicity; Social Movements and Social Change; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Social Theory. 12339 words.

Asian Americans currently make up about five percent of the US population and are one of the fastest growing racial/ethnic groups in the United States. The history of Asians in the United...

Assimilation

Van C. Tran.

in Sociology

P ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology; Comparative and Historical Sociology; Economic Sociology; Gender and Sexuality; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography; Race and Ethnicity; Social Movements and Social Change; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Social Theory. 16087 words.

The study of immigrant assimilation has had a central place in the discipline of sociology, beginning with sociologists of the Chicago school trying to understand the incorporation of...

Auguste Comte

Andrew Wernick.

in Sociology

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology; Comparative and Historical Sociology; Economic Sociology; Gender and Sexuality; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography; Race and Ethnicity; Social Movements and Social Change; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Social Theory. 11537 words.

Auguste Comte (1798–1857), mathematician, philosopher of science, grand systematizer of positivism, and in later years founder and High Priest of the Church of Humanity, coined the term...

Authority and Work

Ryan A. Smith and George Wilson.

in Sociology

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology; Comparative and Historical Sociology; Economic Sociology; Gender and Sexuality; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Population and Demography; Race and Ethnicity; Social Movements and Social Change; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility; Social Theory. 9249 words.

The sociological study of authority (i.e., legitimate workplace control of human and organizational resources) is rooted in early theoretical debates surrounding the conceptualization of...