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Social Sciences x Race and Politics x clear all

Blyden, Edward Wilmot

Kimberly Welch.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics. 998 words.

Blyden, Edward Wilmot (03 August 1832–12 February 1912), advocate of Pan Africanism, was born on the island of St. Thomas, part of the present-day Virgin Islands, the son of Romeo Blyden, a...

Briggs, Cyril Valentine

Todd Steven Burroughs.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online April 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics. 1075 words.

Briggs, Cyril Valentine (28 May 1888–18 October 1966), journalist, Pan-Africanist, black nationalist, and Communist, was born in Nevis, West Indies, now part of St. Kitts–Nevis. His mother,...

Crummell, Alexander

Wilson J. Moses.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics; Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 2479 words.

Crummell, Alexander (03 March 1819–10 September 1898), clergyman, activist, and Pan-Africanist, was born in New York City, the son of Charity Hicks, a freeborn woman of Long Island, New...

Cuffe, Paul

Lamont D. Thomas.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics; Business and Management. 1029 words.

Cuffe, Paul (17 January 1759–07 September 1817), entrepreneur and Pan-Africanist, was born Paul Slocum on Cuttyhunk Island near New Bedford, Massachusetts, the son of Coffe Slocum, a...

Delany, Martin Robison

Paul A. Cimbala.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics. 961 words.

Delany, Martin Robison (06 May 1812–24 January 1885), black nationalist, was born in Charles Town, Virginia (now West Virginia), the son of Samuel Delany, a slave, and Pati Peace, a free...

Forrest, Nathan Bedford

Rodney P. Carlisle.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1712 words.

Forrest, Nathan Bedford (13 July 1821–29 October 1877), Confederate general, was born in Marshall County, Tennessee, the son of William Forrest, a blacksmith, and Mariam Beck. When Forrest...

Garvey, Amy Euphemia Jacques

Ula Y. Taylor.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics; Biographical Studies. 710 words.

Garvey, Amy Euphemia Jacques (31 December 1896–25 July 1973), journalist, Pan-Africanist, and the second wife of black nationalist Marcus Garvey, journalist, Pan-Africanist, and the second...

Garvey, Marcus

William F. Mugleston.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics. 1638 words.

Garvey, Marcus (17 August 1887–10 June 1940), black nationalist, was born Marcus Moziah Garvey in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica, the son of Marcus Moziah Garvey, a stonemason, and Sarah Jane...

Gholson, Samuel Jameson

Timothy S. Huebner.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1102 words.

Gholson, Samuel Jameson (19 May 1808–16 October 1883), jurist and general, was born in Madison County, Kentucky. Little is known of his parents, but it is certain that the family moved to...

Gordon, John Brown

Ethan S. Rafuse.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; State and Local Government. 1308 words.

Gordon, John Brown (06 February 1832–09 January 1904), soldier and politician, was born in Upson County, Georgia, the son of Zachariah Herndon Gordon, a minister, and Malinda Cox. After...

Kitchin, William Hodge

H. Larry Ingle.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics; US Politics; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1134 words.

Kitchin, William Hodge (22 December 1837–02 February 1901), lawyer and politician, was born in Lauderdale County, Alabama, the son of Boas Kitchin and Arabella Smith, planters. Kitchin grew...

Logan, Rayford Whittingham

Kenneth Robert Janken.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics; Education; History; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1745 words.

Logan, Rayford Whittingham (07 January 1897–04 November 1981), historian of the African diaspora, university professor, and civil rights and Pan-Africanist activist, was born in Washington,...

Marshall, William [Billy] (1671/2?–1792), Gypsy leader

Hamish Henderson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics; Politics and Law. 609 words.

Marshall, William [Billy] (1671/2?–1792), Gypsy leader, was born either in the parish of Kirkmichael, Ayrshire, or in Minnigaff, Kirkcudbrightshire. The Gypsy clan to which he belonged was...

Michaux, Lewis H.

Barbara Kraley Youel.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics. 853 words.

Michaux, Lewis H. (04 August 1885–25 August 1976), bookseller and black nationalist, was born in Newport News, Virginia, the son of Henry Michaux and Blanche Pollard. Some uncertainty about...

Moore, Audley "Queen Mother"

Erik S. McDuffie.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online August 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics. 1407 words.

Moore, Audley "Queen Mother" (27 July 1898–02 May 1997), radical black cultural nationalist, was born Audley Moore, the daughter of St. Cyr Moore and Ella Hunter Moore, in New Iberia,...

Rockwell, George Lincoln

Sharon D. Rudy.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1212 words.

Rockwell, George Lincoln (09 March 1918–25 August 1967), leader of the American Nazi Party, was born in Bloomington, Illinois, the son of George “Doc” Rockwell, a vaudeville comedian, and...

Simmons, William Joseph

Mark N. Morris.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics. 1202 words.

Simmons, William Joseph (06 May 1880–18 May 1945), founder and imperial wizard of the modern Ku Klux Klan, was born in Harpersville, Alabama, the son of Calvin Henry Simmons, a physician,...

Singleton, Benjamin

Stephen W. Angell.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics; Business and Management. 1201 words.

Singleton, Benjamin (15 August 1809–1892), black nationalist and land promoter, known as “Pap,” was born into slavery in Nashville, Tennessee. Little is known about the first six decades of...

Stoddard, Lothrop

Gene C. Fant.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics; Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights. 776 words.

Stoddard, Lothrop (29 June 1883–01 May 1950), political philosopher and nativist advocate, was born Theodore Lothrop Stoddard in Brookline, Massachusetts, the son of John Lawson Stoddard, a...

Whitfield, James Monroe

Johnnella E. Butler.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets); Ethnic Politics; Race and Politics; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 1140 words.

Whitfield, James Monroe (10 April 1822–23 April 1871), African-American poet, abolitionist, and emigrationist, was born in Exeter, New Hampshire, the son of parents whose names are unknown....