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Abu Dhabi Chamber

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 136 words.

A high-profile chamber of commerce, based in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Founded as a state-owned organization in 1969 by a decree from the emir, Sheikh Zayed al-Nayhan, it has grown...

Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 136 words.

A large financial services provider based in Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates. It was formed in 1985 from the merger of Khaleej Commercial Bank with Emirates Commercial Bank and...

Abu Dhabi Investment Authority

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 139 words.

A state-owned organization, based in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, which administers the emirate’s sovereign wealth fund (SWF). With assets of approximately $792 billion US, it is...

Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 125 words.

The stock exchange for the emirate of Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is currently the biggest exchange by market capitalization in the UAE, and the second-largest in the...

Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 79 words.

The highest governing board overseeing the petrochemicals industry in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Established by royal decree in 1988...

ADNOC

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 165 words.

The state-owned national oil company of the emirate of Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). With Abu Dhabi holding around 6 per cent of the world’s proven crude oil reserves, ADNOC...

Algeria (business environment))

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 238 words.

A very large North African country on the Mediterranean Sea and a major economy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. It is the biggest country by area in the region and on the...

Almarai

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 172 words.

A Saudi Arabian dairy company. Founded in 1977 by Irish brothers, Alastair and Paddy McGuckian, and Sultan bin Mohammed bin Saud al-...

amanah

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 85 words.

In Islamic business, this is a part of the contract that requires the vendor or trustee to disclose the cost of a good, regardless of the sales price to the vendee. The rationale of this is...

Amman Stock Exchange

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 86 words.

An institutionalized market for the buying and selling of securities, based in Amman, Jordan. It was founded in 1999 as a private company, taking over the functions of the Jordanian Capital...

Amoudi, Mohammed Hussein al-

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 134 words.

A successful and wealthy Saudi Arabian business executive, who was recently ranked the eighty-eighth-richest person in the world. The son of a Saudi citizen and an Ethiopian mother, he was...

Arab Bank

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 144 words.

A major financial services company based in Amman, Jordan. It was founded by Abdul Hameed Shoman on 21 May 1930...

Arab Federation of Exchanges

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 77 words.

An independent body that monitors the running of stock exchanges in the Arab region. It was founded in 1978 in Beirut, Lebanon, where it still has its headquarters. It develops rules,...

Arab Maghreb Union

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 166 words.

An international organization that aims to facilitate trade between states in the Maghreb region of North Africa, and to harmonize business, financial services, intellectual property,...

Asgaroladi, Asadollah

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 141 words.

An Iranian businessman who is often identified as the richest man in Iran. Born on 6 March 1934 in Tehran, Asgaroladi came from a Shia family who had converted from Judaism. In his early...

Asiacell

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 135 words.

The largest telecommunications provider in Iraq. Founded in 1999 in Sulaymaniyah in the Kurdish region of the country, the company began operations in ...

Aswan Dam

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 218 words.

A major infrastructural work including the High and Low dams on the Upper Nile in Egypt. Construction began on the dam in ...

Attijariwafa Bank

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 167 words.

The largest financial services company in Morocco, and the fourth-largest bank in Africa. Its historical and institutional roots go back to ...

Bahrain (business environment)

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 328 words.

A small island nation in the Arabian Gulf, off the coast of Saudi Arabia. It gained independence from the United Kingdom on ...

Bahri

Mark Neal.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management in the Middle East and North Africa

P ublished online May 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Middle Eastern Studies. 110 words.

The largest shipping and logistics company in Saudi Arabia. Founded as a public company by royal decree in 1978, it was 20 per cent owned by ...