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Adair, John (1660–1718), geographer and cartographer

Charles W. J. Withers.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Earth Sciences and Geography; Cartography; World History. 1491 words.

Adair, John (1660–1718), geographer and cartographer, was born on 2 September 1660 in Leith, Scotland. Nothing is known of his parents or his early education. The first firm reference to...

Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver

R. C. D. Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Education; Prints and Printmaking. 719 words.

Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver, was born at Buckington, Warwickshire. He was educated at Eton between 1530 and 1536, and subsequently at the King's Hall,...

Adams, Harriet Chalmers

Tamar Y. Rothenberg.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online October 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Journalism; Education. 1374 words.

Adams, Harriet Chalmers (22 October 1875–17 July 1937), explorer, lecturer, and writer, was born Harriet Chalmers in Stockton, California. Her father, Alexander Chalmers, Canadian via...

Akeley, Mary Leonore Jobe

Robert L. Gale.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Education. 1463 words.

Akeley, Mary Leonore Jobe (29 January 1878–19 July 1966), explorer, author, and educator, was born near Tappan, Ohio, the daughter of Richard Watson Jobe and Sarah Jane Pittis, farmers....

Alden, John

Mark A. Peterson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; World History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 916 words.

Alden, John (1599?–12 September 1687), farmer and magistrate, was one of the original settlers of Plymouth Colony, arriving in New England on the Mayflower in 1620. No definite information...

Aldersey, Laurence (1546–1597/8), sea captain

R. C. D. Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Travel and Holiday. 737 words.

Aldersey, Laurence (1546–1597/8), sea captain, was born at Aldersey Hall, Spurstow, Cheshire, the son of Thomas Aldersey (d. 1557), sheriff of Chester in 1539 and mayor in 1549, and his...

Angas, William Henry (1781–1832), mariner and missionary

Roald Kverndal.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Religion and Education; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1452 words.

Angas, William Henry (1781–1832), mariner and missionary, was born in Newcastle upon Tyne on 6 October 1781, the son of Caleb Angas, a successful coach manufacturer, merchant, and...

Anza, Juan Bautista de

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 890 words.

Anza, Juan Bautista de (07 July 1736–19 December 1788), military commander, explorer, and governor, was born in the presidio of Fronteras, Sonora, Mexico, the son of Juan Bautista de Anza,...

Argall, Sir Samuel

J. Frederick Fausz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1153 words.

Argall, Sir Samuel (1580–24 January 1626), English explorer and colonial leader in early Virginia, was baptized at East Sutton, Kent, England, on 4 December 1580, the son of Richard Argall,...

Armstrong, Neil A.

in Who Was Who

P ublished online December 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; World History; Travel and Holiday; Business Finance. 306 words.

Born Wapakoneta, Ohio, USA, 5 Aug. 1930; s of Stephen and Viola Armstrong, Wapakoneta; m 1st, 1956, Janet Shearon (marr. diss. 1994); two s (one d decd); 2nd, Carol Knight; ...

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Arnold, Mary Anne (b. 1825), sailor and cross-dresser

Julie Wheelwright.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Social and Cultural History; World History; Travel and Holiday. 881 words.

Arnold, Mary Anne (b. 1825), sailor and cross-dresser, was born in Sheerness, Kent, and may have been the daughter of Lieutenant Arnold of the Royal Navy who served aboard the Ganges and Pr...

Atkinson, Edward Leicester (1881–1929), naval medical officer and explorer in Antarctica

Adrienne Reynolds.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Medicine and Health; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making. 580 words.

Atkinson, Edward Leicester (1881–1929), naval medical officer and explorer in Antarctica, was born on 23 November 1881 at Sion Hill, St Vincent, Windward Islands, West Indies, the third of...

Avery, Henry [known as Captain John Avery] (bap. 1659, d. 1696?), pirate

David Cordingly.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Property Law; Property Crime; World History; Travel and Holiday. 428 words.

Avery, Henry [known as Captain John Avery] (bap. 1659, d. 1696?), pirate, the son of John and Anne Evarie, was baptized on 23 August 1659 at Newton Ferrers, near Plymouth. He joined the...

Back, Sir George (1796–1878), naval officer and explorer

A. H. Beesly.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; History of the Americas. 1596 words.

Back, Sir George (1796–1878), naval officer and explorer, was born on 6 November 1796 at Stockport, Cheshire, the second son of John Back and his wife, Ann. He entered the navy as...

Baker, Robert (fl. c. 1563), mariner and poet

P. E. H. Hair.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets); World History; Travel and Holiday. 607 words.

Baker, Robert (fl. c. 1563), mariner and poet, is known only through his one published writing. Possibly a relative of the Bakers of Sissinghurst who had connections with the...

Balch, Herbert Ernest (1869–1958), cave explorer and museum curator

Bridget Salmon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online October 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Conservation, Preservation, and Care of Artworks; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences. 1576 words.

Balch, Herbert Ernest (1869–1958), cave explorer and museum curator, was born in St Thomas Street, Wells, Somerset, on 4 November 1869, the second of six children of William Balch,...

Balleny, John (b. c. 1770, d. in or after 1842), merchant navy officer and Antarctic discoverer

A. G. E. Jones.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Maps and Map-making; Travel and Holiday. 586 words.

Balleny, John (b. c. 1770, d. in or after 1842), merchant navy officer and Antarctic discoverer, was born c.1770 but nothing is known about his early life and education. He may...

Barker, Collet (1784–1831), army officer and explorer

Ronald Bayne.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Australasian and Pacific History; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 672 words.

Barker, Collet (1784–1831), army officer and explorer, was born near Paradise Gardens, Hackney, Middlesex, on 31 December 1784, the son of William Barker (c.1748–1832), skinner and mercer...

Barker, John (c. 1600–1653), naval officer and shipmaster

J. K. Laughton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Travel and Holiday. 840 words.

Barker, John (c. 1600–1653), naval officer and shipmaster, was possibly related to the John Barker of Ratcliffe, Middlesex, shipmaster and captain of the Golden Cock who in 1629, aged...

Barker, Matthew Henry [pseud. the Old Sailor] (1790–1846), sailor and writer

A. H. Bullen.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Travel and Holiday; Literary Studies (Travel Literature). 484 words.

Barker, Matthew Henry [pseud. the Old Sailor] (1790–1846), sailor and writer, was born at Deptford, London, where his father had attained some distinction as a dissenting minister. At...