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Social Sciences x Science and Mathematics x Environmental History x clear all

Agricultural Dispersals in Mediterranean and Temperate Europe

Aurélie Salavert.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmental History; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 16742 words.

Along with ceramics production, sedentism, and herding, agriculture is a major component of the Neolithic as it is defined in Europe. Therefore, the agricultural system of the first...

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Agricultural Subsidies and the Environment

Heather Williams.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Environmental History; Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 10280 words.

Worldwide, governments subsidize agriculture at the rate of approximately 1 billion dollars per day. This figure rises to about twice that when export and biofuels production subsidies and...

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Civilian Nuclear Power

Daniel Pope.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online June 2019 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Political History; Economic History; History of Science and Technology; Environmental History. 10023 words.

Nuclear power in the United States has had an uneven history and faces an uncertain future. Promising in the 1950s electricity “too cheap to meter,” nuclear power has failed to come close...

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Early History of Animal Domestication in Southwest Asia

Benjamin S. Arbuckle.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Environmental History; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 16195 words.

The domestication of livestock animals has long been recognized as one of the most important and influential events in human prehistory and has been the subject of scholarly inquiry for...

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The Emergence of Environment as a Security Imperative

Felix Dodds.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Environmental History. 12774 words.

The emergence of environment as a security imperative is something that could have been avoided. Early indications showed that if governments did not pay attention to critical environmental...

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Environmental History of the Mississippi River and Delta

Christopher Morris.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Ecology and Conservation; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental History. 10360 words.

The Mississippi River, the longest in North America, is really two rivers geophysically. The volume is less, the slope steeper, the velocity greater, and the channel straighter in its upper...

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Extinction

Mark V. Barrow.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Ecology and Conservation; Environmental History. 15883 words.

The prospect of extinction, the complete loss of a species or other group of organisms, has long provoked strong responses. Until the turn of the 18th century, deeply held and widely shared...

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Fisheries Science and Its Environmental Consequences

Jennifer Hubbard.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Ecology and Conservation; Environmental History. 17855 words.

Fisheries science emerged in the mid-19th century, when scientists volunteered to conduct conservation-related investigations of commercially important aquatic species for the governments...

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From Plows, Horses, and Harnesses to Precision Technologies in the North American Great Plains

David E. Clay, Sharon A. Clay, Thomas DeSutter and Cheryl Reese.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Environmental History; Agriculture and Farming. 9115 words.

Since the discovery that food security could be improved by pushing seeds into the soil and later harvesting a desirable crop, agriculture and agronomy have gone through cycles of...

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History of Ecological Design

Lydia Kallipoliti.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Politics; Environmental History; Sustainability. 23233 words.

The term ecological design was coined in a 1996 book by Sim van der Ryn and Stewart Cowan, in which the authors argued for a seamless integration of human activities with natural processes...

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Indigenous Polynesian Agriculture in Hawaiʻi

Noa Kekuewa Lincoln and Peter Vitousek.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Environmental History; Sociology; Agriculture and Farming. 17207 words.

Agriculture in Hawaiʻi was developed in response to the high spatial heterogeneity of climate and landscape of the archipelago, resulting in a broad range of agricultural strategies. Over...

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Soils, Science, Society, and the Environment

Colin Robins.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Environmental History; Agriculture and Farming. 15968 words.

Soils are the complex, dynamic, spatially diverse, living, and environmentally sensitive foundations of terrestrial ecosystems as well as human civilizations. The modern, environmental...

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