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Abell, George Ogden

Norriss S. Hetherington.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 905 words.

Abell, George Ogden (01 March 1927–07 October 1983), astronomer and educator, was born in Los Angeles, California, the son of Theodore Curtis Abell, a Unitarian minister, and Annamarie...

Adamski, George

Robert S. Ellwood.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mysticism; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Education. 834 words.

Adamski, George (17 April 1891–23 April 1965), lecturer and writer on occult subjects and on UFOs during the 1950s' flying saucer enthusiasm, lecturer and writer on occult subjects and on...

Aubert, Alexander (bap. 1730, d. 1805), merchant and astronomer

A. M. Clerke.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1117 words.

Aubert, Alexander (bap. 1730, d. 1805), merchant and astronomer, was born at Austin Friars, London, and baptized on 11 May 1730 at St Peter-le-Poer, Old Broad Street, London, the second of...

backscattering

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Astronomy and Astrophysics.

The phenomenon that occurs when radiation is scattered predominantly backwards along its original path. Rayleigh scattering and Thomson scattering generate equal amounts of forward and...

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Bacon, John Mackenzie (1846–1904), astronomer and aviator

W. B. Owen.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 970 words.

Bacon, John Mackenzie (1846–1904), astronomer and aviator, born at Lambourn Woodlands, Berkshire, on 19 June 1846, was the fourth son of John Bacon (1809–1871), vicar of Lambourn Woodlands,...

Bagwell, William (b. c. 1593, d. in or after 1664), merchant and writer on astronomy

T. F. Henderson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 434 words.

Bagwell, William (b. c. 1593, d. in or after 1664), merchant and writer on astronomy, was, according to his own account, 'bred a merchant in good quality, skilfully furnished...

Baily, Francis (1774–1844), stockbroker and astronomer

William J. Ashworth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business Finance; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2926 words.

Baily, Francis (1774–1844), stockbroker and astronomer, was born at Newbury, Berkshire, on 28 April 1774, the third son of Richard Baily (1744–1814), a banker, and his wife, Sarah Head...

ballistic trajectory

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Astronomy and Astrophysics.

The curved flight path of a spacecraft after the launch vehicle's power has ended. The launching of early spacecraft had to be configured carefully to follow the correct ballistic...

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Bellamy, Frank Arthur (1863–1936), astronomer and philatelist

Roger Hutchins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2005 words.

Bellamy, Frank Arthur (1863–1936), astronomer and philatelist, was born on 17 October 1863 at St John's Street, Oxford, the youngest of the six children of Montague Bellamy (1830–1882), a...

Brattle, Thomas (1658–1713), astronomer and college administrator in America

Conrad Edick Wright.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 940 words.

Brattle, Thomas (1658–1713), astronomer and college administrator in America, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on 20 June 1658, the second of the eight children of Thomas Brattle (c.1624–...

Brisbane, Sir Thomas Makdougall, baronet (1773–1860), colonial governor and astronomer

John Sweetman and Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 2538 words.

Brisbane, Sir Thomas Makdougall, baronet (1773–1860), colonial governor and astronomer, was born at Brisbane House, Largs, Ayrshire, on 23 July 1773, the eldest son of Thomas Brisbane...

Brown, Joseph

Sara Schechner Genuth.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1184 words.

Brown, Joseph (03 December 1733–03 December 1785), businessman and scientist, was born in Providence, Rhode Island, the son of James Brown, a merchant and West Indies trader, and Hope...

Buchanan, Herbert Earle

Edward A. Allen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Mathematics. 1342 words.

Buchanan, Herbert Earle (04 October 1881–17 January 1974), mathematician, astronomer, and educator, was born in Cane Hill, Arkansas, the son of James A. Buchanan, farmer, surveyor, and...

Caldwell, Joseph

James M. Prichard.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Mathematics. 930 words.

Caldwell, Joseph (21 April 1773–27 January 1835), astronomer, mathematician, and educator, was born in Lamington, New Jersey, the son of Joseph Caldwell and Rachel Harker. The death of her...

Chevallier, Temple (1794–1873), Church of England clergyman and university teacher

David Knight.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Education. 1004 words.

Chevallier, Temple (1794–1873), Church of England clergyman and university teacher, was born on 19 October 1794 at Badingham, Suffolk, the youngest son of the Revd Temple Chevallier. He was...

Costard, George (bap. 1710, d. 1782), writer on ancient astronomy

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 670 words.

Costard, George (bap. 1710, d. 1782), writer on ancient astronomy, was baptized on 20 January 1710 at St Mary's Church, Shrewsbury, the son of the Revd Edward Coster, vicar of St Mary's,...

countdown

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics — Warfare and Defence.

N. the step-by-step process leading to the initiation of missile testing, launching, and firing. It is performed in accordance with a predesignated time schedule.

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cutoff

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Astronomy and Astrophysics.

A time when a rocket engine's propellant is turned off.

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Dawes, William (1762–1836), astronomer and colonial administrator

Derek Howse.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 827 words.

Dawes, William (1762–1836), astronomer and colonial administrator, probably born at Portsmouth, was the eldest son of Benjamin Dawes, clerk of works in the Office of Ordnance in Portsmouth....

Ferrner, Bengt (1724–1802)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 3 words.

See Industrial spies