Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-20 of 1,034 items for:

Social Sciences x Science and Mathematics x Earth Sciences and Geography x clear all

Show only full text

Refine by subject

 

Refine by type

Refine by product

 

Activity Space

Fang Ren.

in Geography

P ublished online June 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 8667 words.

The notion of activity space has been examined and applied to address various issues in geography, transportation research, social epidemiology, and environmental psychology. An activity...

Actor-Network Theory (ANT)

Martin Müller.

in Geography

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 7375 words.

Actor-network theory, commonly abbreviated as ANT, has become a key inspiration for geographers to incorporate materiality into geographical theorizing and practice and conceive of agency...

Actor-Network Theory (ANT)

Martin Müller.

in Geography

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 7375 words.

Actor-network theory, commonly abbreviated as ANT, has become a key inspiration for geographers to incorporate materiality into geographical theorizing and practice and conceive of agency...

Adair, John (1660–1718), geographer and cartographer

Charles W. J. Withers.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Earth Sciences and Geography; Cartography; World History. 1491 words.

Adair, John (1660–1718), geographer and cartographer, was born on 2 September 1660 in Leith, Scotland. Nothing is known of his parents or his early education. The first firm reference to...

Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver

R. C. D. Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Education; Prints and Printmaking. 719 words.

Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver, was born at Buckington, Warwickshire. He was educated at Eton between 1530 and 1536, and subsequently at the King's Hall,...

Adams, Cyrus Cornelius

Michael P. Conzen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Education; Earth Sciences and Geography. 961 words.

Adams, Cyrus Cornelius (07 January 1849–04 May 1928), geographer and editor, was born in Naperville, Illinois, the son of Cyrus Adams and Cornelia Stevens, farmers. He was raised by his...

Adams, Harriet Chalmers

Tamar Y. Rothenberg.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online October 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Journalism; Education. 1374 words.

Adams, Harriet Chalmers (22 October 1875–17 July 1937), explorer, lecturer, and writer, was born Harriet Chalmers in Stockton, California. Her father, Alexander Chalmers, Canadian via...

Agassiz, Alexander

Edward Lurie.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Marine and Estuarine Biology; Oceanography and Hydrology. 1763 words.

Agassiz, Alexander (17 December 1835–27 March 1910), marine biologist, oceanographer, and industrial entrepreneur, was born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland, the son of Louis Agassiz, a zoologist,...

Agricultural Geography

Chris Laingen and Lisa M. Butler Harrington.

in Geography

P ublished online February 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 15435 words.

Agricultural geography as a strong focal area has declined since the mid-1990s. From the 1980s, it became more a subset of rural geography rather than an emphasis on spatial patterns and...

aid

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Earth Sciences and Geography.

Transferring resources from developed to less developed countries. Bilateral aid is from one donor to a recipient country, while multilateral aid comes from a group of countries. Emergency...

See overview in Oxford Index

Ainsworth, William Francis (1807–1896), geographer and geologist

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Earth Sciences and Geography; Geology and the Lithosphere. 783 words.

Ainsworth, William Francis (1807–1896), geographer and geologist, was born on 9 November 1807, in Exeter, the third son of John Ainsworth of Rostherne, Cheshire, army officer. At the...

Air Pollution and Weather Interaction in East Asia

Aijun Ding, Xin Huang and Congbin Fu.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmental Science; Biomes and Habitats; Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Earth Sciences and Geography. 9986 words.

Air pollution is one of the grand environmental challenges in developing countries, especially those with high population density like China. High concentrations of primary and secondary...

Go to »  abstract

Akeley, Mary Leonore Jobe

Robert L. Gale.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Education. 1463 words.

Akeley, Mary Leonore Jobe (29 January 1878–19 July 1966), explorer, author, and educator, was born near Tappan, Ohio, the daughter of Richard Watson Jobe and Sarah Jane Pittis, farmers....

Allan, George (1736–1800), antiquary and topographer

C. M. Fraser.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Earth Sciences and Geography. 1173 words.

Allan, George (1736–1800), antiquary and topographer, was born on 7 June 1736 in Darlington, co. Durham, the eldest son of James Allan (1712–1790) and Elizabeth Pemberton (1710–1756). His...

Allen, Thomas (1803–1833), topographer

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Earth Sciences and Geography. 409 words.

Allen, Thomas (1803–1833), topographer, son of J. Allen, map engraver, was probably born in London. In 1827 he published The History and Antiquities of the Parish of Lambeth and the...

Animal Geographies

Julie Urbanik.

in Geography

P ublished online February 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 8232 words.

Animal geography is the study of how nonhuman animals intersect with human societies. Animal geographers explore these relationships temporally and spatially in order to understand why and...

Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer

H. S. Torrens.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Palaeontology; Social and Cultural History. 1096 words.

Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer, was born on 21 May 1799 in a seaside house in Lyme Regis, Dorset. She and her brother Joseph (1796–1849) were the only surviving...

Anthropocene

Noel Castree.

in Geography

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 6423 words.

Coined by two environmental scientists, the term “Anthropocene” is currently a buzzword in sections of the earth and environmental science community, as well as in the social sciences and...

Anthropogenic Climate Change

Mathieu Richaud.

in Geography

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 9035 words.

2012 was among the ten warmest years since record keeping began in 1880, rising above the long-term average for the thirty-sixth year in a row. With so many years of above-average...

Anza, Juan Bautista de

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 890 words.

Anza, Juan Bautista de (07 July 1736–19 December 1788), military commander, explorer, and governor, was born in the presidio of Fronteras, Sonora, Mexico, the son of Juan Bautista de Anza,...