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Abell, George Ogden

Norriss S. Hetherington.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 905 words.

Abell, George Ogden (01 March 1927–07 October 1983), astronomer and educator, was born in Los Angeles, California, the son of Theodore Curtis Abell, a Unitarian minister, and Annamarie...

Adamski, George

Robert S. Ellwood.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mysticism; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Education. 834 words.

Adamski, George (17 April 1891–23 April 1965), lecturer and writer on occult subjects and on UFOs during the 1950s' flying saucer enthusiasm, lecturer and writer on occult subjects and on...

Anslow, Gladys Amelia

George Fleck.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Physics; Electromagnetism, Optics, and Acoustics. 1079 words.

Anslow, Gladys Amelia (22 May 1892–31 March 1969), physicist, educator, and spectroscopist, was born in Springfield, Massachusetts, the daughter of John Anslow, a textile colorist, lay...

applications software

Overview page. Subjects: Business and Management — Physics.

Computer programs that are designed for a particular purpose or application. For example, accounts programs, games programs, and educational programs are all applications software. Compare...

See overview in Oxford Index

Aubert, Alexander (bap. 1730, d. 1805), merchant and astronomer

A. M. Clerke.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1117 words.

Aubert, Alexander (bap. 1730, d. 1805), merchant and astronomer, was born at Austin Friars, London, and baptized on 11 May 1730 at St Peter-le-Poer, Old Broad Street, London, the second of...

Bacon, John Mackenzie (1846–1904), astronomer and aviator

W. B. Owen.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 970 words.

Bacon, John Mackenzie (1846–1904), astronomer and aviator, born at Lambourn Woodlands, Berkshire, on 19 June 1846, was the fourth son of John Bacon (1809–1871), vicar of Lambourn Woodlands,...

Bagwell, William (b. c. 1593, d. in or after 1664), merchant and writer on astronomy

T. F. Henderson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 434 words.

Bagwell, William (b. c. 1593, d. in or after 1664), merchant and writer on astronomy, was, according to his own account, 'bred a merchant in good quality, skilfully furnished...

Baily, Francis (1774–1844), stockbroker and astronomer

William J. Ashworth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business Finance; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2926 words.

Baily, Francis (1774–1844), stockbroker and astronomer, was born at Newbury, Berkshire, on 28 April 1774, the third son of Richard Baily (1744–1814), a banker, and his wife, Sarah Head...

Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982), politician and Nobel prizewinner

David Howell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Physics. 2757 words.

Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982), politician and Nobel prizewinner, was born Philip John Baker at Woodstock, Brondesbury Park, London, on 1 November 1889, the sixth...

Barnard, Joseph Edwin (1868–1949), hatter and microscopist

G. L'E. Turner.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Physics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 588 words.

Barnard, Joseph Edwin (1868–1949), hatter and microscopist, was born on 7 December 1868 at 321 Vauxhall Bridge Road, Pimlico, London, the son of Walter Barnard, hatter, and his wife,...

Bellamy, Frank Arthur (1863–1936), astronomer and philatelist

Roger Hutchins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2005 words.

Bellamy, Frank Arthur (1863–1936), astronomer and philatelist, was born on 17 October 1863 at St John's Street, Oxford, the youngest of the six children of Montague Bellamy (1830–1882), a...

binary notation

Overview page. Subjects: Business and Management — Physics.

A number system using only two different digits, 0 and 1. Instead of units, tens, hundreds, etc., as used in the decimal system, digits in the binary notation represent units, twos, fours,...

See overview in Oxford Index

Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart, Baron Blackett (1897–1974), physicist and government and military adviser

Mary Jo Nye.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Defence Strategy, Planning, and Research; Physics. 2851 words.

Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart, Baron Blackett (1897–1974), physicist and government and military adviser, was born on 18 November 1897 at Kensington, London, the only son and the second...

Bohm, David Joseph (1917–1992), physicist and philosopher

Chris Dewdney.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Philosophy; Physics. 769 words.

Bohm, David Joseph (1917–1992), physicist and philosopher, was born on 20 December 1917 in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, USA, the son of Samuel Bohm, proprietor of a furniture store, and his...

Brattle, Thomas (1658–1713), astronomer and college administrator in America

Conrad Edick Wright.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 940 words.

Brattle, Thomas (1658–1713), astronomer and college administrator in America, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on 20 June 1658, the second of the eight children of Thomas Brattle (c.1624–...

Bridgman, Percy Williams

Maila L. Walter.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Philosophy; Physics. 2492 words.

Bridgman, Percy Williams (21 April 1882–20 August 1961), physicist and philosopher of science, was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the son of Raymond Landon Bridgman, an author and...

Brisbane, Sir Thomas Makdougall, baronet (1773–1860), colonial governor and astronomer

John Sweetman and Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 2538 words.

Brisbane, Sir Thomas Makdougall, baronet (1773–1860), colonial governor and astronomer, was born at Brisbane House, Largs, Ayrshire, on 23 July 1773, the eldest son of Thomas Brisbane...

Brown, Joseph

Sara Schechner Genuth.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1184 words.

Brown, Joseph (03 December 1733–03 December 1785), businessman and scientist, was born in Providence, Rhode Island, the son of James Brown, a merchant and West Indies trader, and Hope...

Buchanan, Herbert Earle

Edward A. Allen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Mathematics. 1342 words.

Buchanan, Herbert Earle (04 October 1881–17 January 1974), mathematician, astronomer, and educator, was born in Cane Hill, Arkansas, the son of James A. Buchanan, farmer, surveyor, and...

Burgess, George Kimball

David Cahan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Physics; US Politics. 1429 words.

Burgess, George Kimball (04 January 1874–02 July 1932), physicist and director of the National Bureau of Standards, was born in Newton, Massachusetts, the son of Charles A. Burgess and...