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Agricultural Dispersals in Mediterranean and Temperate Europe

Aurélie Salavert.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmental History; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 16742 words.

Along with ceramics production, sedentism, and herding, agriculture is a major component of the Neolithic as it is defined in Europe. Therefore, the agricultural system of the first...

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Agricultural Subsidies and the Environment

Heather Williams.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Environmental History; Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 10280 words.

Worldwide, governments subsidize agriculture at the rate of approximately 1 billion dollars per day. This figure rises to about twice that when export and biofuels production subsidies and...

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Early History of Animal Domestication in Southwest Asia

Benjamin S. Arbuckle.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Environmental History; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 16195 words.

The domestication of livestock animals has long been recognized as one of the most important and influential events in human prehistory and has been the subject of scholarly inquiry for...

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Economics of Low Carbon Agriculture

Dominic Moran and Jorie Knook.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Sociology; Sustainability; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 8703 words.

Climate change is already having a significant impact on agriculture through greater weather variability and the increasing frequency of extreme events. International policy is rightly...

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The Environmental Kuznets Curve

David I. Stern.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences; Environmental Economics. 10142 words.

The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) is a hypothesized relationship between environmental degradation and GDP per capita. In the early stages of economic growth, pollution emissions and...

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How Environmental Degradation Impoverishes the Poor

Edward B. Barbier.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Sustainability; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 8565 words.

Globally, around 1.5 billion people in developing countries, or approximately 35% of the rural population, can be found on less-favored agricultural land (LFAL), which is susceptible to low...

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How to Make Individual Transferable Quotas Work Economically, Socially, and Environmentally

Rashid Sumaila.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online November 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Biomes and Habitats; Environmental Economics. 6159 words.

The economic tool of individual transferable quotas (ITQs) gives their owners exclusive and transferable rights to catch a given portion of the total allowable catch (TAC) of a given fish...

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Valuing the Benefits of Green Stormwater Infrastructure

Amy W. Ando and Noelwah R. Netusil.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Environmental Economics. 10785 words.

Green stormwater infrastructure (GSI), a decentralized approach for managing stormwater that uses natural systems or engineered systems mimicking the natural environment, is being adopted...

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