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Adapting to Climate Sensitive Hazards through Architecture

Allison Hoadley Anderson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Climate Change. 16280 words.

In architecture, mitigation reduces the magnitude of climate change by reducing demand for resources; anticipatory adaptation improves performance against hazards; and planned adaptation...

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Agenda Setting and Natural Hazards

Rob A. DeLeo.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Climate Change; Environmental Politics; Epidemiology. 7719 words.

Agenda setting describes the process through which issues are selected for consideration by a decision-making body. Among the myriad of issues policymakers can consider, few are more vexing...

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Assessment and Adaptation to Climate Change-Related Flood Risks

Brenden Jongman, Hessel C. Winsemius, Stuart A. Fraser, Sanne Muis and Philip J. Ward.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Climate Change. 10593 words.

The flooding of rivers and coastlines is the most frequent and damaging of all natural hazards. Between 1980 and 2016, total direct damages exceeded $1.6 trillion, and at least 225,000...

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Climate Change

Mark Maslin.

October 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Book. Subjects: Climate Change; Environmental Science; Conservation of the Environment (Environmental Science); Earth Sciences and Geography. 160 pages.

Climate change is still, arguably, the most critical and controversial issue facing the world in the twenty-first century. Previously published as Global Warming: A Very Short Introduction,...

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The climate change debate

Mark Maslin.

in Climate Change

October 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Climate Change; Environmental Science; Conservation of the Environment (Environmental Science); Earth Sciences and Geography. 5081 words.

‘The climate change debate’ describes the combination of factors that led to recognition and acceptance of climate change, including that it was anthropogenic, beginning with climate change...

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Climate change impacts

Mark Maslin.

in Climate Change

October 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Climate Change; Environmental Science; Conservation of the Environment (Environmental Science); Earth Sciences and Geography. 8061 words.

What is dangerous climate change? What is our coping range? ‘Climate change impacts’ assesses the potential effects of climate change on the natural environment as well as on human...

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Climate surprises

Mark Maslin.

in Climate Change

October 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Climate Change; Environmental Science; Conservation of the Environment (Environmental Science); Earth Sciences and Geography. 4410 words.

The assumption of a linear relationship between greenhouse gases and climate change may be wrong. ‘Climate surprises’ examines the possibility that there are thresholds—or tipping points—in...

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Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction

Rajib Shaw.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Climate Change; Environmental Politics. 8664 words.

Community-based approaches existed even before the existence of the state and its formal governance structure. People and communities used to help and take care of each other’s disaster...

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Data-adaptive harmonic decomposition and prediction of Arctic sea ice extent

Dmitri Kondrashov, Mickaël D Chekroun and Michael Ghil.

in Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System

P ublished online March 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Bayesian Statistics; Physics; Climate Change. 11439 words.

Abstract

Decline in the Arctic sea ice extent (SIE) is an area of active scientific research with profound socio-economic implications. Of particular interest...

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Envisioning the future

Mark Maslin.

in Climate Change

October 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Climate Change; Environmental Science; Conservation of the Environment (Environmental Science); Earth Sciences and Geography. 3721 words.

‘Envisioning the future’ considers some of the deep questions of why humanity seems unable to deal with the question of pollution. The challenge of climate change must be seen within the...

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Evidence for climate change

Mark Maslin.

in Climate Change

October 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Climate Change; Environmental Science; Conservation of the Environment (Environmental Science); Earth Sciences and Geography. 4073 words.

‘Evidence for climate change’ considers both past and recent climate change through changes in temperature, precipitation, and relative global sea level to show that significant changes in...

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Evolution of Strategic Flood Risk Management in Support of Social Justice, Ecosystem Health, and Resilience

Paul Sayers.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Climate Change. 15769 words.

Throughout history, flood management practice has evolved in response to flood events. This heuristic approach has yielded some important incremental shifts in both policy and planning...

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Fatalism, Causal Reasoning, and Natural Hazards

John McClure.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Climate Change. 9960 words.

Fatalism about natural disasters hinders action to prepare for those disasters, and overcoming this fatalism is one key element to preparing people for these disasters. Research by Bostrom...

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Impact of Climate Change on Flood Factors and Extent of Damages in the Hindu Kush Region

Atta-ur Rahman, Shakeel Mahmood, Mohammad Dawood, Ghani Rahman and Fang Chen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Climate Change. 8669 words.

This chapter analyzes the impacts of climate change on flood factors and extent of associated damages in the Hindu Kush (HK) region. HK mountains system is located in the west of the...

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Introduction to Socio-Ecological Resilience

Vincenzo Bollettino, Tilly Alcayna, Philip Dy and Patrick Vinck.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Climate Change. 10756 words.

In recent years, the notion of resilience has grown into an important concept for both scholars and practitioners working on disasters. This evolution reflects a growing interest from...

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Lessons on Risk Governance From the UNISDR Experience

Sálvano Briceño.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Climate Change; Environmental Politics; Environment and Energy Law. 9489 words.

In the context of this article, risk governance addresses the ways and means—or institutional framework—to lead and manage the issue of risk related to natural phenomena, events, or...

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Modeling Tropical Cyclones in a Changing Climate

Enrico Scoccimarro.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online December 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Climate Change; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science). 11354 words.

Tropical cyclones (TCs) in their most intense expression (hurricanes or typhoons) are the main natural hazards known to humankind. The impressive socioeconomic consequences for countries...

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Modelling future climate

Mark Maslin.

in Climate Change

October 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Climate Change; Environmental Science; Conservation of the Environment (Environmental Science); Earth Sciences and Geography. 5047 words.

‘Modelling future climate’ is about understanding the fundamental physical processes of the climate system. Modelling future climate considers the carbon cycle, cooling effects, carbon...

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Observation and Spatial Modeling of Snow- and Ice-Related Mass Movement Hazards

Martin Mergili.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Climate Change. 20033 words.

Snow- and ice-related hazardous processes threaten society in tropical to high-latitude mountain areas worldwide and at highly variable time scales. On the one hand, small snow avalanches...

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Permafrost-Related Geohazards and Infrastructure Construction in Mountainous Environments

Lukas U. Arenson and Matthias Jakob.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Climate Change. 10492 words.

Mountain environments, home to about 12% of the global population and covering nearly a quarter of the global land surface, create hazardous conditions for various infrastructures. The...

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