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Activity Space

Fang Ren.

in Geography

P ublished online June 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 8667 words.

The notion of activity space has been examined and applied to address various issues in geography, transportation research, social epidemiology, and environmental psychology. An activity...

Actor-Network Theory (ANT)

Martin Müller.

in Geography

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 7375 words.

Actor-network theory, commonly abbreviated as ANT, has become a key inspiration for geographers to incorporate materiality into geographical theorizing and practice and conceive of agency...

Actor-Network Theory (ANT)

Martin Müller.

in Geography

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 7375 words.

Actor-network theory, commonly abbreviated as ANT, has become a key inspiration for geographers to incorporate materiality into geographical theorizing and practice and conceive of agency...

Agricultural Geography

Chris Laingen and Lisa M. Butler Harrington.

in Geography

P ublished online February 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 15435 words.

Agricultural geography as a strong focal area has declined since the mid-1990s. From the 1980s, it became more a subset of rural geography rather than an emphasis on spatial patterns and...

Animal Geographies

Julie Urbanik.

in Geography

P ublished online February 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 8232 words.

Animal geography is the study of how nonhuman animals intersect with human societies. Animal geographers explore these relationships temporally and spatially in order to understand why and...

Anthropocene

Noel Castree.

in Geography

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 6423 words.

Coined by two environmental scientists, the term “Anthropocene” is currently a buzzword in sections of the earth and environmental science community, as well as in the social sciences and...

Anthropogenic Climate Change

Mathieu Richaud.

in Geography

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 9035 words.

2012 was among the ten warmest years since record keeping began in 1880, rising above the long-term average for the thirty-sixth year in a row. With so many years of above-average...

Applied Geography

Neil Reid.

in Geography

P ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 8608 words.

Applied Geography has been defined by Michael Pacione in 1999 as being “concerned with the application of geographical knowledge and skills to the resolution of real-world social, economic...

Art and Geography

Harriet Hawkins.

in Geography

P ublished online February 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 11484 words.

It was the 18th- and 19th-century landscape paintings of J. M. W. Turner and John Constable that first drew geographers’ attention to art practices in any significant way. The mode of...

Assemblage

Jon Anderson.

in Geography

P ublished online April 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 4596 words.

Assemblage theory offers a challenge to conventional configurations of the relations between parts and wholes. In a challenge to the concept of organic and seamless entities, assemblage...

Atmospheric Composition and Structure

Justin Schoof.

in Geography

P ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 3714 words.

The earth’s atmosphere is the layer of gases and aerosols surrounding the planet and held by the earth’s gravitational force. The composition and structure of the atmosphere define its...

Atmospheric Teleconnections

Gregory Goodrich.

in Geography

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 10817 words.

Climate teleconnections are commonly defined as low-frequency variability in the atmosphere and oceans, while weather is defined as random high-frequency variability in the atmosphere. A...

Behavioral Geography

Daniel R. Montello.

in Geography

P ublished online February 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 11338 words.

Behavioral geography is an approach to human geography that attempts to understand human activity in space, place, and environment by studying it at the disaggregate level of analysis—at...

Belonging

Mary Gilmartin.

in Geography

P ublished online January 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 8341 words.

Belonging is a widely used but loosely defined term. In general usage, it has two broad meanings. The first meaning is social. This defines belonging as attachment to a particular social...

Biodiversity Conservation

Paul Jepson.

in Geography

P ublished online February 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 7361 words.

Biodiversity conservation is the 1990s manifestation of social, scientific, and policy agendas seeking to maintain or restore attributes of nature valued by societies or groups therein. The...

Biodiversity Gradients

Bradford A. Hawkins.

in Geography

P ublished online February 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 7611 words.

The study of spatial variation in the numbers of species across the Earth represents a core research area of several scientific disciplines, including ecology, evolutionary biology,...

Biogeography

Lynn Resler.

in Geography

P ublished online February 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 10043 words.

Biogeography is a broad and holistic science that examines spatial patterns of biological diversity. Biogeography is a subfield of the discipline of geography (or biology, depending on area...

Biogeomorphology and Zoogeomorphology

David R. Butler.

in Geography

P ublished online February 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 9251 words.

Biogeomorphology and zoogeomorphology are subfields of the discipline of geomorphology, the study of landforms and land-forming processes. Biogeomorphology encompasses the study of the...

Biopedoturbation

David R. Butler and Rachel M. Cavin.

in Geography

P ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 11838 words.

Biopedoturbation (spelled “biopedturbation” in British, Canadian, and Australian publications) is soil mixing by biological means (i.e., by animals, plants, and humans). Pedoturbation (or...

Borders and Boundaries

Joshua Hagen.

in Geography

P ublished online February 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Human Geography. 10345 words.

Borders and boundaries, commonly defined as the lines dividing distinct political, social, or legal territories, are arguably the most ubiquitous features within the field of political...