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The British Response

Geoffrey Owen and Michael M. Hopkins.

in Science, the State, and the City

April 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 15801 words.

The chapter describes the chain of events that led to the creation, with government support, of the UK’s first biotech firm, Celltech, in 1980. There followed a wave of start-ups as...

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Catching Up and Developing Innovation Capabilities in China’s Telecommunication Equipment Industry

Zhou Yu, William Lazonick and Yifei Sun.

in China as an Innovation Nation

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 9881 words.

This chapter studies the development of China’s telecommunication equipment industry under the changing domestic and global market conditions of the past 30 years. In particular, it...

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China as an Innovation Nation

Edited by Yu Zhou, William Lazonick and Yifei Sun.

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 368 pages.

Advances in technology are critical for the transformation of a nation from a relatively low-wage to a relatively high-wage economy. Leading national economies are invariably global leaders...

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China’s Mechanical Engineering Industry

Ingo Liefner and Gang Zeng.

in China as an Innovation Nation

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 13150 words.

The mechanical engineering industry in China has been witnessing fast and sustained growth. Chinese firms in this industry are successfully serving the demand for low-cost machinery in...

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Chinese Indigenous Innovation in the Car Sector

Kaidong Feng.

in China as an Innovation Nation

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 13707 words.

This chapter aims to explore the progress of indigenous innovation in Chinese car industry. The technological capability of Chinese local car-makers developed remarkably slowly in the...

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The Development of China’s Wind Power Technology Sector

Joanna I. Lewis.

in China as an Innovation Nation

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 7413 words.

Wind power holds particular promise for providing relatively low-cost, low-emission electricity globally. A late adopter of wind power technology, China has quickly risen to become the...

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The Evolution of China’s Mobile Phone Industry and Good-Enough Innovation

Shin-Horng Chen and Pei-Chang Wen.

in China as an Innovation Nation

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 8063 words.

This chapter examines the evolution of China’s mobile phone industry, with a special focus on the effect of migration to smartphones on the industrial ecosystem and industrial...

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Evolution of Chinese State Policies on Innovation

Yu Zhou and Xielin Liu.

in China as an Innovation Nation

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 12899 words.

This chapter summarizes the evolution of the state policies in technological innovation in the last 60 years. Between 1950 and 1980s, China’s international isolation led to the...

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The Financing of Biotech

Geoffrey Owen and Michael M. Hopkins.

in Science, the State, and the City

April 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 10172 words.

This chapter addresses the question of whether the progress of the UK biotech sector has been held back by lack of support from the financial system. It looks in particular at whether UK...

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Globalization of Innovation: The Role of Multinational Enterprises

Rajneesh Narula and Antonello Zanfei.

in The Oxford Handbook of Innovation

January 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Business and Management; Innovation; International Business. 11137 words.

Economic globalization implies a growing interdependence of locations and economic units across countries and regions. Technological change and multinational enterprises (MNEs) are among...

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High Speed Rail Development in China

Liu Rongfang (Rachel), Liu (Willow) Lv and Zhaodong (Tony) Huang.

in China as an Innovation Nation

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 9401 words.

The rapid development of high speed rail (HSR) represents a feat few countries in the world could accomplish. The explosive growth of the HSR system has reconfigured Chinese geography in...

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Human Resource Management Practices and Innovation

Keld Laursen and Nicolai J. Foss.

in The Oxford Handbook of Innovation Management

January 2014; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Business and Management; Innovation; International Business. 9487 words.

This article surveys, organizes, and critically discusses the literature on the role of human resource practices for explaining innovation outcomes. We specifically put an emphasis on what...

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Innovation Management in China

Marina Zhang.

in The Oxford Handbook of Innovation Management

January 2014; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Business and Management; Innovation; International Business. 8896 words.

This chapter examines the modern development of innovation in China at three different levels: country, industry, and firm. The country-level analysis focuses on the dynamics of China’s...

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Innovation Management in Japan

Takahiro Fujimoto.

in The Oxford Handbook of Innovation Management

January 2014; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Business and Management; Innovation; International Business. 7955 words.

This chapter examines effective innovation management in Japan. Despite Japan’s mixed economic performance over recent times, companies in a number of important sectors remain highly...

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Introduction

William Lazonick, Yu Zhou and Yifei Sun.

in China as an Innovation Nation

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 13605 words.

The transformation of China in the last three decades has largely been based on massive investments in human knowledge and physical infrastructure. Now, the only way for China to sustain...

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Investors Retreat

Geoffrey Owen and Michael M. Hopkins.

in Science, the State, and the City

April 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 15673 words.

The first decade of the new millennium was a difficult period for the UK biotech sector. Following the stock market collapse of 2000–001 it was no longer possible to float biotech firms on...

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Learning from the US

Geoffrey Owen and Michael M. Hopkins.

in Science, the State, and the City

April 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 12237 words.

In the early 1980s, five countries appeared the most likely to pose a competitive threat to the US in the biotech field: the UK, Japan, Germany, France, and Switzerland. This chapter looks...

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A New Way of Making Medicines

Geoffrey Owen and Michael M. Hopkins.

in Science, the State, and the City

April 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 4433 words.

This chapter introduces the term biotechnology and explains why it has been the subject of intense interest on the part of governments and investors around the world. It reviews the...

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The Persistence of Industrial Leadership

Geoffrey Owen and Michael M. Hopkins.

in Science, the State, and the City

April 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 4339 words.

This concluding chapter of the book summarises the evidence of prior chapters, showing why the US lead in biotechnology was difficult for the UK and other countries to follow. The US lead...

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The Rise of the Chinese Solar Photovoltaic Industry

Matthew Hopkins and Yin Li.

in China as an Innovation Nation

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Innovation; International Business. 9676 words.

The last decade has seen the rise of China as the new center of solar photovoltaic power manufacture, and the next will likely see it become a center of its deployment. The chapter explores...

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