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The Characteristics of Illegal Markets

Matías Dewey.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; Theories of Crime; Critical Criminology. 9842 words.

The phenomenon of illegal markets is pervasive. The circulation of illegal goods and services reaches all social segments, crosses national boundaries, and produces enormous revenues....

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Corporate Crime and the State

Adam Ghazi-Tehrani.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online September 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime; Critical Criminology; Forms of Crime. 6289 words.

State-corporate crime is defined as criminal acts that occur when one or more institutions of political governance pursue a goal in direct cooperation with one or more institutions of...

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Crime, Diversity, Culture, and Cultural Defense

Clara Rigoni.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; Critical Criminology; Dimensions of Crime. 13189 words.

Contemporary societies are culturally diverse. This diversity can be the result of different historical and social processes and might affect the uniformity and efficiency of criminal...

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Critical Criminology and the Critique of Domination, Inequality and Injustice

David O. Friedrichs.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime; Critical Criminology. 14857 words.

Critical criminology has achieved a substantial presence within the field of criminology over the past several decades. Critical criminology has produced a framework for the understanding...

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Critical Perspectives on Gangs

David C. Brotherton.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Critical Criminology; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 10117 words.

The majority of studies on youth gangs are in the tradition of positivistic social science. When natural science is taken as the paradigm, a premium is placed on the value neutrality of the...

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Deportation and Immigration Enforcement

David C. Brotherton and Sarah Tosh.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online September 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Critical Criminology. 11453 words.

While deportation as a practice has roots that reach far back into history, the state’s removal of immigrants in the modern era is unprecedented, in terms of both its mechanisms and its...

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Economic Crises, Common Crime, and Penality

José A. Brandariz and Ignacio González-Sánchez.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online November 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime; Critical Criminology. 10261 words.

The influence of economic crises on crime and penality is one of the fundamental issues in economic analysis of the punitive field, and the topic has been explored from various perspectives...

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Enemy Penology

Susanne Krasmann.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime; Critical Criminology. 8962 words.

When Guenther Jakobs introduced the concept of “enemy criminal law” (Feindstrafrecht), or enemy penology, into the legal debate, this was due to a concern with the increasingly anticipatory...

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European Border and Coast Guard (Frontex): Security, Democracy, and Rights at the EU Border

Giuseppe Campesi.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Critical Criminology. 13717 words.

The European Border and Coast Guard (EBCG) was officially launched in October 2016. In the European Commission’s view, it marks a milestone in the history of the integrated management of...

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Examining the School-to-Prison Pipeline Metaphor

Kayla Crawley and Paul Hirschfield.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Critical Criminology; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Dimensions of Crime. 10455 words.

The school-to-prison pipeline (STPP) is a commonly used metaphor that was developed to describe the many ways in which schools have become a conduit to the juvenile and criminal justice...

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Gender and Community-Based Correctional Programs for Women

Nicole Kaufman.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Corrections; Critical Criminology; Dimensions of Crime. 12472 words.

In the contemporary era of “tough on crime” policies and the globalized drug war, the number of women in the criminal justice system has increased across several countries. Women’s...

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Pecuniary Punishments

Patricia Faraldo-Cabana.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Critical Criminology. 14775 words.

The genealogy of pecuniary punishments is a story of constant reformulation in response to shifting political pressures, changes in institutional and administrative arrangements, and...

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Political Ideologies and Penality

Zelia A. Gallo.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online August 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime; Critical Criminology. 17746 words.

The literature on contemporary Western punishment presents us with a number of possible approaches to political ideologies and penality. The first approach requires us to ask what different...

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Political Violence and Crime

Vincenzo Ruggiero.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Critical Criminology. 9092 words.

Political violence includes an array of conducts and events that defy unilateral examination. It may be authorized or unauthorized violence, and while the latter is almost always associated...

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Public Knowledge About White-Collar Crime

Cedric Michel.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Critical Criminology; Forms of Crime. 7232 words.

A considerable body of research on societal response to white-collar and corporate crime has evidenced a hardening of public attitudes, including increased perceived seriousness of...

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Punishment, Marxism, and Political Economy

Alessandro De Giorgi.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online October 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime; Critical Criminology. 11024 words.

The political economy of punishment is a critical approach within the sociology of punishment that hypothesizes the existence of a structural relationship between transformations of the...

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Race and Re-Entry After Incarceration

Kayla M. Hoskins.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Critical Criminology; Crime Prevention. 12033 words.

Re-entry following incarceration is a complex issue in the contemporary United States. Mass incarceration and tough on crime policies have contributed to a system that disproportionately...

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