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Social Sciences x Economic Development and Growth x Economic Development x Production and Organizations x clear all

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Agricultural Decisions after Relaxing Credit and Risk Constraints

Dean Karlan, Robert Osei, Isaac Osei-Akoto and Christopher Udry.

in The Quarterly Journal of Economics

May 2014; p ublished online February 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Development; Design of Experiments; Production and Organizations; Agricultural Economics; Intertemporal Choice and Growth; Insurance. 19024 words.

The investment decisions of small-scale farmers in developing countries are conditioned by their financial environment. Binding credit market constraints and incomplete insurance can limit...

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Competitive harm in global supply chains: assessing current responses and identifying potential future responses

David J Gerber.

in Journal of Antitrust Enforcement

April 2018; p ublished online September 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: General Economics; History of Economic Thought (1925 onwards); Microeconomics; Production and Organizations; Market Structure and Pricing; Analysis of Collective Decision-making; Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; International Factor Movements and International Business; International Relations and International Political Economy; Economics; Public Economics; Antitrust Issues and Policies; Law and Economics; Business and Management; Economic History; Economic Development. 9996 words.

Abstract

Global supply (or ‘value’) chains add much to the value of global markets, offering benefits to both producers and consumers. Yet, global supply...

Critical masses in the decollectivisation of post-Soviet agriculture

Martin Petrick and Michael R. Carter.

in European Review of Agricultural Economics

June 2009; p ublished online June 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Agricultural Economics; Production and Organizations; Socialist Institutions and their Transitions; Economic Development. 8839 words.

Summary

Decollectivisation in post-Soviet agriculture has generally been slow except for islands of complete individualisation. Our model interlinks two...

A Decomposition of Total Factor Productivity Growth: The Case of Chinese Agricultural Growth before and after Reforms

K.P. Kalirajan, M.B. Obwona and S. Zhao.

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

May 1996; p ublished online May 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Agricultural Economics; Production and Organizations; Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies; Economic Development. 0 words.

Our objective in this paper is to explain a method to decompose the sources of total factor productivity (TFP) growth into technological progress and changes in technical efficiency within...

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Does a Picture Paint a Thousand Words? Evidence from a Microcredit Marketing Experiment

Xavier Giné, Ghazala Mansuri and Mario Picón.

in The World Bank Economic Review

October 2011; p ublished online July 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Banking; Production and Organizations; Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Economic Development. 10995 words.

Female entrepreneurship is low in many developing economies partly due to constraints on women's time and mobility, often reinforced by social norms. We analyze a marketing experiment...

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Does Court Speed Shape Economic Activity? Evidence from a Court Reform in India

Matthieu Chemin.

in The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization

August 2012; p ublished online November 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance; Economic Development; Game Theory and Bargaining Theory; Production and Organizations; Law and Economics; Contract Law. 11445 words.

This article investigates the impact of quick courts on firms' contracting behavior and economic performance. In 2002, the Code of Civil Procedure Amendment Act was enacted in India to...

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Empirical Isoquants and Observable Optima: Cobb and Douglas at Seventy

Peter F. Orazem.

in Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy

January 1998; p ublished online January 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Production and Organizations; Agricultural Economics; Economic Development. 0 words.

The theory of production and derived demand for factor inputs seems abstract because of its dependence on unobservable marginal products. Seventy years ago, Charles Cobb and Paul Douglas...

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Entry Regulation and the Formalization of Microenterprises in Developing Countries

Miriam Bruhn and David McKenzie.

in The World Bank Research Observer

August 2014; p ublished online March 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Entrepreneurship; Production and Organizations; Economic Development. 6595 words.

The majority of microenterprises in most developing countries remain informal despite more than a decade of reforms aimed at making it easier and cheaper for them to formalize. This paper...

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Farm Household Production Efficiency: Evidence from The Gambia

Jean-Paul Chavas, Ragan Petrie and Michael Roth.

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

February 2005; p ublished online February 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Production and Organizations; Agricultural Economics; Economic Development. 11936 words.

This article investigates the economic efficiency of farm households, with an application to The Gambia. The efficiency analysis is conducted not at the farm level but at the household...

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Getting Credit to High Return Microentrepreneurs: The Results of an Information Intervention

Suresh de Mel, David McKenzie and Christopher Woodruff.

in The World Bank Economic Review

October 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Banking; Production and Organizations; Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Economic Development. 11981 words.

Small-scale entrepreneurs typically cite access to finance as the most important constraint to growth. Recent randomized experiments have shown the return to capital to be very high for the...

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A Helping Hand or the Long Arm of the Law? Experimental Evidence on What Governments Can Do to Formalize Firms

Gustavo Henrique de Andrade, Miriam Bruhn and David McKenzie.

in The World Bank Economic Review

January 2016; p ublished online October 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Development; Design of Experiments; Production and Organizations; Entrepreneurship. 13180 words.

We conducted a field experiment in Belo Horizonte, Brazil to test which government actions work to encourage informal firms to register. We find zero or negative impacts of information and...

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How Can We Learn Whether Firm Policies Are Working in Africa? Challenges (and Solutions?) For Experiments and Structural Models

David McKenzie.

in Journal of African Economies

August 2011; p ublished online June 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Design of Experiments; Production and Organizations; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Economic Development. 8570 words.

Firm productivity is low in African countries, prompting governments to try a number of active policies to improve it. Yet despite the millions of dollars spent on these policies, we are...

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How Important Are Financing Constraints? The Role of Finance in the Business Environment

Meghana Ayyagari, Asli Demirgüç-Kunt and Vojislav Maksimovic.

in The World Bank Economic Review

October 2008; p ublished online November 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Production and Organizations; Corporate Governance; Economic Development. 12267 words.

What role does the business environment play in promoting or restraining firm growth? Recent literature points to a number of factors as obstacles to growth. Inefficient functioning of...

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Import competition, dynamic resource allocation and productivity dispersion: micro-level evidence from China

Sai Ding, Wei Jiang and Puyang Sun.

in Oxford Economic Papers

October 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: International Trade; Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance; Production and Organizations; Economic Development. 10121 words.

Can trade liberalization shape sector dynamics by inducing reallocation of resources towards more efficient use? This paper explores whether and how import competition affects productivity...

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Incentives and the De Soto Effect

Timothy J. Besley, Konrad B. Burchardi and Maitreesh Ghatak.

in The Quarterly Journal of Economics

February 2012; p ublished online January 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Production and Organizations; Agricultural Economics; Economic Development. 15482 words.

This paper explores the consequences of improving property rights to facilitate the use of fixed assets as collateral, popularly attributed to the influential policy advocate Hernando de...

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Industry Switching in Developing Countries

Carol Newman, John Rand and Finn Tarp.

in The World Bank Economic Review

June 2013; p ublished online November 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Production and Organizations; Manufacturing; Economic Development. 10592 words.

Firm turnover (i.e., firm entry and exit) is a well-recognized source of sector-level productivity growth. In contrast, the role and importance of firms that switch activities from one...

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Input Allocation, Workforce Management and Productivity Spillovers: Evidence from Personnel Data

Francesco Amodio and Miguel A Martinez-Carrasco.

in The Review of Economic Studies

October 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Production and Organizations; Demand and Supply of Labour; Wages, Compensation, and Labour Costs; Business and Management; Labour and Demographic Economics; Economic Development. 20025 words.

Abstract

This article shows how input heterogeneity triggers productivity spillovers at the workplace. In an egg production plant in rural Peru, workers...

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Interfirm Relationships and Business Performance

Jing Cai and Adam Szeidl.

in The Quarterly Journal of Economics

August 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Production and Organizations; Economic Development; Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance. 19082 words.

Abstract

We organized business associations for the owner-managers of young Chinese firms to study the effect of business networks on firm performance. We...

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International Productivity Patterns: Accounting for Input Quality, Infrastructure, and Research

Barbara J. Craig, Philip G. Pardey and Johannes Roseboom.

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

November 1997; p ublished online November 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Production and Organizations; Agricultural Economics; Economic Development. 0 words.

In this paper, we present measures of land and labor productivity for a group of ninety-eight developed and developing countries using an entirely new data set with annual observations...

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Is the World Flat? Country- and Firm-Level Determinants of Law Compliance

Alberto Chong and Mark Gradstein.

in The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization

August 2011; p ublished online June 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law and Economics; Economywide Country Studies; Production and Organizations; Economic Development. 8234 words.

This research revisits the effects of a country’s institutional framework on individual firms’ behavior, focusing, in particular, on firms’ propensity to comply with legal rules. We purport...

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