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Clans, Guilds, and Markets: Apprenticeship Institutions and Growth in the Preindustrial Economy

David de la Croix, Matthias Doepke and Joel Mokyr.

in The Quarterly Journal of Economics

P ublished online July 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Growth and Fluctuations; Labour and Demographic Economics; Technological Change; Research and Development; Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity. 26898 words.

Abstract

In the centuries leading up to the Industrial Revolution, Western Europe gradually pulled ahead of other world regions in terms of technological...

Co-determination and innovation

Kornelius Kraft, Jörg Stank and Ralf Dewenter.

in Cambridge Journal of Economics

January 2011; p ublished online December 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Labour-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining; Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behaviour. 11905 words.

This paper examines the effect of the German co-determination law of 1976 (MitbestG) on the innovative activity of German firms. Co-determination applies to firms with 2,000 employees or...

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Computers and populism: artificial intelligence, jobs, and politics in the near term

Frank Levy.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

July 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Economics; Technological Change; Research and Development. 10871 words.

Abstract

I project the near-term future of work to ask whether job losses induced by artificial intelligence will increase the appeal of populist politics. The...

Determinants of the Evolution of Inequality in Africa

Arne Bigsten.

in Journal of African Economies

January 2018; p ublished online December 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Microeconomics; Demand and Supply of Labour; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Growth and Fluctuations; Technological Change; Research and Development. 10631 words.

Abstract

Most African countries inherited a dual economic structure and high levels of inequality from the colonial times, and inequality has remained high...

The economics of global health: an assessment

Andrew W. K. Farlow.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

January 2016; p ublished online February 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Particular Labour Markets; Economics of Health; Public Economics. 10462 words.

The international community, through the Millennium Development Goals and now the Sustainable Development Goals, has long recognized the critical role of improved global health in achieving...

Endogenous skill biased technical change: testing for demand pull effect

Francesco Bogliacino and Matteo Lucchese.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

April 2016; p ublished online April 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Wages, Compensation, and Labour Costs; Technological Change; Research and Development; Economywide Country Studies. 9807 words.

In this article we use the unification of Germany in 1990 to test the hypothesis that an increase in the supply of a production factor generates skill biased technical change. We test for...

Evaluating innovation and labour market relationships: the case of Italy

Luca Pieroni and Fabrizio Pompei.

in Cambridge Journal of Economics

March 2008; p ublished online November 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Particular Labour Markets; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics. 9456 words.

In this paper the link between labour market flexibility and innovation is analysed paying particular attention to the different technological regimes of economic activities and the...

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Flexible labor and innovation in the Italian industrial sector

Francesco Franceschi and Vincenzo Mariani.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

August 2016; p ublished online November 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Labour-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining; Economics; Economic Development; Technological Change; Research and Development. 8515 words.

We study how labor flexibility within firms affects innovation. Using data from the Bank of Italy and information on patent applications, we find that innovation falls when firms increase...

Flexible labor and innovation performance: evidence from longitudinal firm-level data

Haibo Zhou, Ronald Dekker and Alfred Kleinknecht.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 2011; p ublished online April 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Labour-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining; Economics; Economic Development. 9337 words.

Firms with high shares of workers on fixed-term contracts tend to have higher sales of imitative new products but perform significantly worse on sales of innovative new products (“first on...

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Frontier Knowledge and Scientific Production: Evidence from the Collapse of International Science

Alessandro Iaria, Carlo Schwarz and Fabian Waldinger.

in The Quarterly Journal of Economics

May 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Labour and Demographic Economics; Economic History; Economywide Country Studies; Particular Labour Markets; Education and Research Institutions. 24357 words.

Abstract

We show that World War I and the subsequent boycott against Central scientists severely interrupted international scientific cooperation. After 1914,...

Global Economic Growth and Agricultural Land Conversion under Uncertain Productivity Improvements in Agriculture

Bruno Lanz, Simon Dietz and Tim Swanson.

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

March 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Development; Technological Change; Research and Development; Demographic Economics; Mathematical Methods; Programming Methods; Mathematical and Simulation Modelling; Agricultural Economics; Renewable Resources and Conservation. 12247 words.

Abstract

We study how stochasticity in the evolution of agricultural productivity interacts with economic and population growth at the global level. We use a...

The greener the better? Job creation effects of environmentally-friendly technological change

Luisa Gagliardi, Giovanni Marin and Caterina Miriello.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Environmental Economics; Demand and Supply of Labour. 16158 words.

This article investigates the link between environment-related innovation and job creation at firm level. Employing Italian data on 4507 manufacturing firms, matched with patent records for...

Heterogeneous Technology Diffusion and Ricardian Trade Patterns

William R Kerr.

in The World Bank Economic Review

February 2018; p ublished online April 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: International Trade; International Factor Movements and International Business; Particular Labour Markets; Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies; Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance; Technological Change; Research and Development; Economywide Country Studies. 10608 words.

Abstract

Migration and trade are often linked through ethnic networks boosting bilateral trade. This study uses migration to quantify the importance of...

How do social networks contribute to wage inequality? Insights from an agent-based analysis

Herbert Dawid and Simon Gemkow.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2014; p ublished online December 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Mathematical Methods; Programming Methods; Mathematical and Simulation Modelling; Wages, Compensation, and Labour Costs. 10143 words.

Based on a closed agent-based macroeconomic simulation model (Eurace@Unibi), this article analyzes whether the density of social networks influences via referrals the residual wage...

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Immigration, Skill Mix, and Capital Skill Complementarity

Ethan Lewis.

in The Quarterly Journal of Economics

May 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; International Trade; Demand and Supply of Labour. 14090 words.

Over the past thirty years, U.S. manufacturing plants invested heavily in automation machinery. This paper shows these investments substituted for the least-skilled workers and complemented...

The impact of technological progress on labour markets: policy challenges

Maarten Goos.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

July 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Technological Change; Research and Development. 6545 words.

Abstract

This paper gives an overview of current thinking by economists about the consequences of ongoing technological progress for labour markets, and...

Information technology and the changing workplace in Canada: firm-level evidence

Saeed Moshiri and Wayne Simpson.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2011; p ublished online June 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Labour Standards: National and International; Labour and Demographic Economics; Demand and Supply of Labour; Technological Change; Research and Development. 12975 words.

Recent advances in information and communication technology (ICT) have had dramatic effects on both individual and workplace performance. Use of computers and the Internet as...

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Innovation and skill dynamics: a life-cycle approach

Francesco Vona and Davide Consoli.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2015; p ublished online October 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Technological Change; Research and Development. 8590 words.

This article focuses on the institutional adjustments that facilitate the routinization of technological opportunities. We propose a life-cycle approach that accounts for the emergence,...

Inside the black box of regional development—human capital, the creative class and tolerance

Richard Florida, Charlotta Mellander and Kevin Stolarick.

in Journal of Economic Geography

September 2008; p ublished online July 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Demand and Supply of Labour; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Household Analysis. 12469 words.

While there is a general consensus on the importance of human capital to regional development, debate has emerged around two key issues. The first involves the efficacy of educational...

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Inventor Diasporas and the Internationalization of Technology

Ernest Miguélez.

in The World Bank Economic Review

February 2018; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Data Collection and Date Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs; Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies; Technological Change; Research and Development. 11540 words.

Abstract

This paper documents the influence of diaspora networks of highly-skilled individuals—that is, inventors—on international technological...