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Social Sciences x Technological Change; Research and Development x Demand and Supply of Labour x clear all

Clans, Guilds, and Markets: Apprenticeship Institutions and Growth in the Preindustrial Economy

David de la Croix, Matthias Doepke and Joel Mokyr.

in The Quarterly Journal of Economics

P ublished online July 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Growth and Fluctuations; Labour and Demographic Economics; Technological Change; Research and Development; Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity. 26898 words.

Abstract

In the centuries leading up to the Industrial Revolution, Western Europe gradually pulled ahead of other world regions in terms of technological...

Computers and populism: artificial intelligence, jobs, and politics in the near term

Frank Levy.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

July 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Economics; Technological Change; Research and Development. 10871 words.

Abstract

I project the near-term future of work to ask whether job losses induced by artificial intelligence will increase the appeal of populist politics. The...

Determinants of the Evolution of Inequality in Africa

Arne Bigsten.

in Journal of African Economies

January 2018; p ublished online December 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Microeconomics; Demand and Supply of Labour; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Growth and Fluctuations; Technological Change; Research and Development. 10631 words.

Abstract

Most African countries inherited a dual economic structure and high levels of inequality from the colonial times, and inequality has remained high...

The greener the better? Job creation effects of environmentally-friendly technological change

Luisa Gagliardi, Giovanni Marin and Caterina Miriello.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Environmental Economics; Demand and Supply of Labour. 16158 words.

This article investigates the link between environment-related innovation and job creation at firm level. Employing Italian data on 4507 manufacturing firms, matched with patent records for...

Immigration, Skill Mix, and Capital Skill Complementarity

Ethan Lewis.

in The Quarterly Journal of Economics

May 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; International Trade; Demand and Supply of Labour. 14090 words.

Over the past thirty years, U.S. manufacturing plants invested heavily in automation machinery. This paper shows these investments substituted for the least-skilled workers and complemented...

The impact of technological progress on labour markets: policy challenges

Maarten Goos.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

July 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Technological Change; Research and Development. 6545 words.

Abstract

This paper gives an overview of current thinking by economists about the consequences of ongoing technological progress for labour markets, and...

Information technology and the changing workplace in Canada: firm-level evidence

Saeed Moshiri and Wayne Simpson.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2011; p ublished online June 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Labour Standards: National and International; Labour and Demographic Economics; Demand and Supply of Labour; Technological Change; Research and Development. 12975 words.

Recent advances in information and communication technology (ICT) have had dramatic effects on both individual and workplace performance. Use of computers and the Internet as...

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Innovation and skill dynamics: a life-cycle approach

Francesco Vona and Davide Consoli.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2015; p ublished online October 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Technological Change; Research and Development. 8590 words.

This article focuses on the institutional adjustments that facilitate the routinization of technological opportunities. We propose a life-cycle approach that accounts for the emergence,...

Inside the black box of regional development—human capital, the creative class and tolerance

Richard Florida, Charlotta Mellander and Kevin Stolarick.

in Journal of Economic Geography

September 2008; p ublished online July 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Demand and Supply of Labour; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Household Analysis. 12469 words.

While there is a general consensus on the importance of human capital to regional development, debate has emerged around two key issues. The first involves the efficacy of educational...

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Job polarization: an historical perspective

Erik Buyst, Maarten Goos and Anna Salomons.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

July 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies; Technological Change; Research and Development. 5721 words.

Abstract

This paper uses historical labour market data for Belgium for the period 1846–2011 to illustrate how the employment impacts of the ongoing Digital...

Little innovation, many jobs: An econometric analysis of the Italian labour productivity crisis

Federico Lucidi and Alfred Kleinknecht.

in Cambridge Journal of Economics

May 2010; p ublished online April 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Economic Development; Demand and Supply of Labour; Particular Labour Markets; Labour and Demographic Economics; Wages, Compensation, and Labour Costs; Labour-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining. 8505 words.

Over the past 20 years, Italy has realised changes in labour legislation, leading to a decentralisation of wage bargaining and increased flexibility in labour relations. Both these factors...

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Productivity under the 1997–2010 Labour government

John Van Reenen.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

January 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Wages, Compensation, and Labour Costs; Production and Organizations; Technological Change; Research and Development. 11595 words.

What was the productivity record under the Labour government of 1997–2010? I show that productivity growth (and economic performance in general) was good when the UK is compared with its...

Return migration and geography of innovation in MNEs: a natural experiment of knowledge production by local workers reporting to return migrants

Prithwiraj Choudhury.

in Journal of Economic Geography

May 2016; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: International Factor Movements and International Business; Technological Change; Research and Development; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Demand and Supply of Labour. 13227 words.

I study whether return migrants facilitate knowledge production by local employees working for them at geographically distant research and development (R&D) locations. Using unique...

Technology and the labour market: the assessment

Abi Adams.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

July 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development; Demand and Supply of Labour; Labour and Demographic Economics. 6283 words.

Abstract

This article reviews the evidence on how technology will affect labour markets in advanced democracies over the next 10–15 years. In addition to...

That was then, this is now: skills and routinization in the 2000s

Davide Consoli, Francesco Vona and Francesco Rentocchini.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: International Trade; Demand and Supply of Labour; Technological Change; Research and Development. 11732 words.

We analyze changes in the skill content of occupations in US four-digit manufacturing industries between 1999 and 2010. Following a “task-based” approach, we elaborate a measure of...