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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide

A. W. McIntosh.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; UK Politics; British History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 591 words.

Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his...

Barnes, Sir Hugh Shakespear (1853–1940), administrator in India and banker

Frances Bostock.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Banking. 765 words.

Barnes, Sir Hugh Shakespear (1853–1940), administrator in India and banker, was born in Shahjahanpur, India, the son of James Ralph Barnes of the Indian Civil Service. His mother was sister...

Bishop, Charles Reed

Rhoda E. A. Hackler.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Australasian and Pacific History; World History; Banking. 1182 words.

Bishop, Charles Reed (25 January 1822–07 June 1915), banker, cabinet minister, and philanthropist, was born near Glens Falls, New York, the son of Samuel Bishop, a toll collector on the...

Carroll of Carrollton, Charles

Ronald Hoffman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming; Banking; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 2110 words.

Carroll of Carrollton, Charles (19 September 1737–14 November 1832), planter, businessman, investor, and the only Roman Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence, as well as the...

Croghan, George

Michael J. Mullin.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Native American History; World History; Banking. 2241 words.

Croghan, George (?–31 August 1782), Indian agent and land speculator, was born in Dublin, Ireland. Croghan’s early life is obscure. Scholars do not know who George Croghan’s parents were,...

Croghan, George (d. 1782), colonial official and land speculator in America

Edward J. Cashin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Business and Management; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1060 words.

Croghan, George (d. 1782), colonial official and land speculator in America, was born in Dublin, though further details of his parents and upbringing are uncertain. Before moving to America...

Davenport, George

Robert R. Dykstra.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Native American History; World History; Banking; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Business and Management. 1149 words.

Davenport, George (1783–04 July 1845), Indian trader and frontier townsite entrepreneur, was born in Lincolnshire, England. Nothing is presently known of his parentage or childhood,...

Duer, William

Jonathan J. Bean.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Banking; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1102 words.

Duer, William (18 March 1743–07 May 1799), businessman and politician, was born in Devonshire, England, the son of John Duer, a wealthy squire, and Frances Frye. After graduating from Eton,...

European Economic Community

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Financial Institutions and Services.

The European common market set up in 1957 by the six member states of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC); i.e. Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and The...

See overview in Oxford Index

Few, William

Robert E. Wright.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Banking; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; State and Local Government. 1558 words.

Few, William (08 June 1748–16 July 1828), lawyer, politician, and banker, was born near Baltimore, Maryland, the son of William Few, a failed tobacco planter turned frontier farmer, and...

Johnson, Sir William

Francis Jennings.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Banking; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1710 words.

Johnson, Sir William (1715–11 July 1774), merchant, land speculator, and royal official among the Iroquois Indians, was born in County Meath, Ireland, the son of Christopher Johnson and...

La Touche, William George Digges (1747–1803), East India Company servant and banker

[Anon.].

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Banking; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 564 words.

La Touche, William George Digges (1747–1803), East India Company servant and banker, was born on 28 August 1747, the eldest son of James Digges La Touche (1707–1763), a poplin merchant, and...

McDougall, Alexander

Edward Countryman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Banking. 1102 words.

McDougall, Alexander (1732–09 June 1786), revolutionary leader and banker, was born on the island of Islay, off the western coast of Scotland, the son of Ronald McDougall, a dairyman and...

Morris, Robert

Clarence L. Ver Steeg.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Banking. 2996 words.

Morris, Robert (20 January 1735–08 May 1806), preeminent merchant and revolutionary financier, was born in Liverpool, England, the son of Robert Morris, Sr., an ironmonger and later a...

Salomon, Haym

Edgar J. McManus.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Banking. 1410 words.

Salomon, Haym (1740–06 January 1785), New York financier and patriot, was apparently born in Lissa, Poland, of Jewish parents. He traveled widely in his youth, becoming fluent in most...

Trenholm, George Alfred

Paul D. Escott.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Civil War and Reconstruction US History; Banking. 1144 words.

Trenholm, George Alfred (25 February 1807–09 December 1876), businessman and Confederate secretary of the treasury, was born in Charleston, South Carolina, the son of William Trenholm, a...

Willing, Thomas

William Weisberger.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Banking. 1727 words.

Willing, Thomas (19 December 1731–19 January 1821), merchant, political leader, and banker, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Charles Willing, a successful merchant and,...