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Abbott, Horace

Edward L. Lach, Jr..

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 845 words.

Abbott, Horace (29 July 1806–08 August 1887), manufacturer, was born in Sudbury, Massachusetts, the son of Alpheus Abbott and Lydia Fay, farmers. His father died when Abbott was quite...

Addicks, John Edward O’Sullivan

James A. Ward.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; Banking. 1270 words.

Addicks, John Edward O’Sullivan (21 November 1841–07 August 1919), promoter and aspiring politician, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of John Edward Addicks, a politician and...

The adverse selection problem in imperfectly competitive financial markets

Ville Mälkönen and Timo Vesala.

in Oxford Economic Papers

October 2013; p ublished online November 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Banking; Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance; Market Structure and Pricing. 5695 words.

We show that two horizontally differentiated banks can implement separating equilibria in markets for bank loans by using non-linear price schedules. The optimal strategies of the banks...

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Airline Pricing

Brenda A. Barnes.

in The Oxford Handbook of Pricing Management

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Financial Institutions and Services; Industry Studies. 21602 words.

This article first introduces some essential airline pricing and revenue management (PRM) terms and concepts, and then briefly reviews historical events that have shaped the field of...

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Allerton, Samuel Waters

Leslie V. Tischauser.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Agriculture and Farming. 1121 words.

Allerton, Samuel Waters (26 May 1828–22 February 1914), meat packer, was born in Amenia, New York, the son of Samuel Waters Allerton, Sr., a tailor and woolen mill operator, and Hannah...

Ames, Jeremiah (1706–1776), banker and merchant

Iain S. Black.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Banking. 653 words.

Ames, Jeremiah (1706–1776), banker and merchant, was born on 20 July 1706 at Evercreech, near Shepton Mallet, Somerset, one of eight children of Levi Ames (d. 1726), grocer, and his first...

Ames, Levi (bap. 1739, d. 1820), banker and merchant

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Banking. 3 words.

See Ames, Jeremiah

Ames, Oakes

Adam I. P. Smith.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Banking; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 2077 words.

Ames, Oakes (10 January 1804–08 May 1873), businessman and politician, was born in North Easton, Massachusetts, the son of Oliver Ames, a manufacturer, and Susanna Angier. He was educated...

Angel Investors and Their Investments

Ramon P. DeGennaro.

in The Oxford Handbook of Entrepreneurial Finance

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Industry Studies; Financial Institutions and Services. 15205 words.

This article focuses on a class of angel investors that lies between venture capitalists and the typical informal individual angel investor. It discusses why people become angel investors....

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Are Small Businesses Worthy of Financial Aid? Evidence from a French Targeted Credit Program

Laurent Bach.

in Review of Finance

July 2014; p ublished online June 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Regulation; Banking; Services. 16619 words.

We ask whether public financial aid reduces small businesses’ credit constraints. To answer the question, we analyze a policy of bank loans made from subsidized funds. Extensions of this...

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Astor, John Jacob

Kenneth H. Williams.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 2502 words.

Astor, John Jacob (17 July 1763–29 March 1848), fur trader and financier, was born in Waldorf, duchy of Baden, Germany, the son of Jacob Astor, a butcher, and Maria Magdalena Vorfelder, who...

Attention in Organizations

Andrea Prat and Wouter Dessein.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Networks

April 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Industry Studies; Financial Institutions and Services. 11441 words.

By bringing together multiple workers, organizations can perform tasks that are outside the reach of any individual. In order to be productive, however, workers must coordinate their...

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Auction Pricing

Richard Steinberg.

in The Oxford Handbook of Pricing Management

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Financial Institutions and Services; Industry Studies. 17792 words.

This article gives some historical background on auctions and describes the different varieties of auction, such as English, Dutch, Japanese, candle, silent, sealed-bid, Vickery, and...

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Austell, Alfred

Mary A. DeCredico.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 1185 words.

Austell, Alfred (14 January 1814–07 December 1881), businessman and financier, was born in Dandridge, Tennessee, the son of William Austell and Jane Wilkins, farmers. Austell was reared in...

Back-office intricacy: the description of financial objects in an investment bank

Fabian Muniesa, Dominique Chabert, Marceline Ducrocq-Grondin and Susan V. Scott.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

August 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Investment Banking; Economic Sociology; Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behaviour; Information and Communication Technologies. 10547 words.

The complexity of contemporary finance translates into what we call the problem of “description”: the problem of constructing robust, flexible, portable, and mutually compatible depictions...

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Baillie, James Evan (1781?–1863), merchant, banker, and politician

Kenneth Morgan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online October 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Banking; UK Politics. 1084 words.

Baillie, James Evan (1781?–1863), merchant, banker, and politician, was born in Bristol, probably in 1781, into a successful Scottish merchant-planter family that had settled in Bristol in...

Bank Bailouts and Moral Hazard: Evidence from Germany

Lammertjan Dam and Michael Koetter.

in The Review of Financial Studies

August 2012; p ublished online April 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables; Game Theory and Bargaining Theory; Banking; Financial Regulation; Regulation and Industrial Policy. 16089 words.

We use a structural econometric model to provide empirical evidence that safety nets in the banking industry lead to additional risk taking. To identify the moral hazard effect of bailout...

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Banks, Sir John, baronet (bap. 1627, d. 1699), merchant and financier

D. C. Coleman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Banking. 899 words.

Banks, Sir John, baronet (bap. 1627, d. 1699), merchant and financier, was baptized at the parish church of All Saints, Maidstone, Kent, on 19 August 1627. He was the eldest in the family...

Barclay, David (1729–1809), banker and brewer

Jacob M. Price.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 585 words.

Barclay, David (1729–1809), banker and brewer, was the younger son of David Barclay (1682–1769), Quaker merchant, and his second wife, Priscilla, daughter of John Freame, banker, of Lombard...

Baring, Alexander, first Baron Ashburton (1773–1848), merchant and banker

John Orbell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Banking. 3479 words.

Baring, Alexander, first Baron Ashburton (1773–1848), merchant and banker, was born on 27 October 1773 (the frequently cited date of 1784 is incorrect) in Mincing Lane, London, the second...