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Social Sciences x Welfare and Poverty x Welfare Economics x clear all

Benefit–Cost Analysis and Distributional Weights: An Overview

Matthew D. Adler.

in Review of Environmental Economics and Policy

July 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare Economics; Welfare and Poverty; Environmental Economics. 11422 words.

Benefit–cost analysis (BCA) evaluates policy choices by summing unweighted monetary equivalents, and is insensitive to distributional considerations. An established scholarly tradition...

Cautionary notes on the use of field experiments to address policy issues

Glenn W. Harrison.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

January 2014; p ublished online April 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Welfare Economics; Data Collection and Date Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs; Design of Experiments. 5891 words.

Field experiments are popular again in policy circles. There are various types of field experiments, with complementary strengths and weaknesses for different policy questions. There is...

Children's Health Opportunities and Project Evaluation: Mexico's Oportunidades Program

Dirk Van de gaer, Joost Vandenbossche and José Luis Figueroa.

in The World Bank Economic Review

June 2014; p ublished online January 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economics of Health; Welfare and Poverty; Welfare Economics. 11377 words.

We propose a methodology to evaluate social projects from the perspective of children's opportunities on the basis of the effects of these projects on the distribution of outcomes. We...

Copula-based measurement of dependence between dimensions of well-being

Koen Decancq.

in Oxford Economic Papers

July 2014; p ublished online November 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Welfare Economics; Economywide Country Studies; Microeconomics. 7694 words.

Most multidimensional measures of social welfare first aggregate the outcomes across the individuals dimension by dimension and then, in the second step, aggregate the resulting summary...

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The distributional consequences of a fiscal food policy: evidence from the UK

Richard Tiffin and Matthew Salois.

in European Review of Agricultural Economics

July 2015; p ublished online June 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Welfare Economics; Economics of Health; Microeconomics; Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue. 8344 words.

The literature on fiscal food policies focuses on their effectiveness in altering diets and improving health, while this paper focuses on their welfare costs. A formal welfare economics...

Do the Poor Adapt to Low Income, Minimal Education and Ill-health?

Abigail Barr and David Clark.

in Journal of African Economies

June 2010; p ublished online December 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Welfare Economics; Economics of Health; Education and Research Institutions. 11051 words.

We add to the small set of studies that investigate adaptation to low income among the poor and extend the analysis to education and health. In accordance with previous studies, we find...

Estimating Consumption Economies of Scale, Adult Equivalence Scales, and Household Bargaining Power

Martin Browning, Pierre-André Chiappori and Arthur Lewbel.

in The Review of Economic Studies

October 2013; p ublished online August 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Welfare Economics; Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables; Demographic Economics; Household Behaviour and Family Economics. 18194 words.

How much income would a woman living alone require to attain the same standard of living that she would have if she were married? What percentage of a married couple's expenditures are...

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Examining the gender wealth gap

Eva M. Sierminska, Joachim R. Frick and Markus M. Grabka.

in Oxford Economic Papers

October 2010; p ublished online April 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Welfare Economics; Household Behaviour and Family Economics; Microeconomics. 8590 words.

Economic research on the determinants of gender differences in economic outcomes particularly in income and consumption is well established. Extending these investigations to other outcomes...

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History-dependent growth incidence: a characterization and an application to the economic crisis in Italy

Flaviana Palmisano and Dirk Van de gaer.

in Oxford Economic Papers

April 2016; p ublished online February 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Microeconomics; Welfare Economics; Welfare and Poverty. 8329 words.

We propose a characterization of an aggregate measure of growth that takes into account the initial economic conditions of individuals. Our measure is a weighted average of individuals’...

An institutional and evolutionary perspective on health economics

Geoffrey M. Hodgson.

in Cambridge Journal of Economics

March 2008; p ublished online October 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Other Economic Systems; Economic Methodology; Economics of Health; Microeconomics; Welfare Economics; Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy. 10513 words.

Neoclassical theoretical approaches dominate modern health economics. However, the peculiarities of healthcare provision are so unusual that neoclassical theory is especially unsuited to...

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Longer life, higher welfare?

Michael Grimm and Kenneth Harttgen.

in Oxford Economic Papers

April 2008; p ublished online April 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Welfare Economics; Demographic Economics. 6624 words.

Whereas life expectancy continues to increase in most industrialized countries, many developing and transition countries are today confronted with decreases in life expectancy. Usual...

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On measuring deprivation and living standards of societies in a multi-attribute framework

Prasanta K. Pattanaik, Sanjay G. Reddy and Yongsheng Xu.

in Oxford Economic Papers

January 2012; p ublished online August 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Welfare Economics; Microeconomics; Economic Development. 5186 words.

When measuring a society's deprivation in a multi-attribute framework, researchers often resort to what we call a ‘column-first two-stage procedure’. Under such procedures one first...

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Poverty and Inequality: A Micro Framework

Abdelkrim Araar and Jean-Yves Duclos.

in Journal of African Economies

June 2010; p ublished online March 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Welfare Economics; Economic Development. 8740 words.

This paper explores the link between poverty and inequality through an analysis of the poverty impact of changes in income-component inequality and in between- and within-group inequality....

Race, Poverty and Deprivation in South Africa

Carlos Gradín.

in Journal of African Economies

March 2013; p ublished online September 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Demographic Economics; Labour Discrimination; Microeconomics; Economic Development; Welfare Economics; Labour Standards: National and International. 15277 words.

The aim of this paper was to explain why poverty and material deprivation in South Africa are significantly higher among those of African descent than among whites. To do so, we estimate...

Subnational indicators of poverty and deprivation in Europe: methodology and applications

Gianni Betti, Francesca Gagliardi, Achille Lemmi and Vijay Verma.

in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society

March 2012; p ublished online December 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Welfare Economics; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics. 8901 words.

This paper identifies methodologies and strategies appropriate for the development of indicators of well-being at the level of subnational regions, thus contributing towards the...

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The unfairness of (poverty) targets

Melanie Allwine, Jamele Rigolini and Luis F. López-Calva.

in Oxford Economic Papers

April 2016; p ublished online November 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare Economics; Welfare and Poverty; Economic Development. 7563 words.

The evaluation of policy performance against set targets is rarely adjusted to the heterogeneity in the initial distribution of characteristics. Building on previous literature, we propose...

Water Nationalization and Service Quality

Fernando Borraz, Nicolás González Pampillón and Marcelo Olarreaga.

in The World Bank Economic Review

October 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare Economics; National Government Expenditures and Related Policies; Economics of Health; Welfare and Poverty; Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise; Economic Development. 9880 words.

The objective of this paper is to explore the impact of Uruguay's privatization and subsequent nationalization of water services on network access and water quality. The results suggest...

Welfare-improving income tax reforms: a microsimulation analysis

John Creedy and Nicolas Hérault.

in Oxford Economic Papers

January 2012; p ublished online July 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Welfare Economics; Fiscal Policies and Behaviour of Economic Agents; Demand and Supply of Labour; Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue. 9255 words.

Extensive research has shown that few robust results regarding the optimal tax structure are available. Moreover, the stylized models used in optimal tax analyses are not appropriate for...

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