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Boles, Sir John Dennis [Jack] (1925–2013), colonial administrator and director-general of the National Trust

Merlin Waterson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Social and Cultural History; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science). 1227 words.

Boles, Sir John Dennis [Jack] (1925–2013), colonial administrator and director-general of the National Trust, was born on 25 June 1925 at Stepney Tower Nursing Home, Southsea, Portsmouth,...

Buxton, Sir (Thomas) Fowell, third baronet (1837–1915), philanthropist, brewer, and colonial governor

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 848 words.

Buxton, Sir (Thomas) Fowell, third baronet (1837–1915), philanthropist, brewer, and colonial governor, was born on 26 January 1837 at West Ham, Essex, the eldest of six sons of Sir Edward...

Canning [née Stuart], Charlotte Elizabeth, Countess Canning (1817–1861), courtier and vicereine of India

K. D. Reynolds.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1394 words.

Canning [née Stuart], Charlotte Elizabeth, Countess Canning (1817–1861), courtier and vicereine of India, was born at the British embassy in Paris on 31 March 1817, the elder of the two...

Cary, Lucius Bentinck, tenth Viscount Falkland (1803–1884), courtier and colonial governor

Roger T. Stearn.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1814 words.

Cary, Lucius Bentinck, tenth Viscount Falkland (1803–1884), courtier and colonial governor, was born on 5 November 1803, the eldest of three sons of Charles John Cary, ninth Viscount...

Cocks, Arthur Herbert Tennyson Somers-, sixth Baron Somers (1887–1944), chief scout for Great Britain and the British Commonwealth and empire, and colonial governor

Astor of Hever.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Sports and Outdoor Recreation; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 960 words.

Cocks, Arthur Herbert Tennyson Somers-, sixth Baron Somers (1887–1944), chief scout for Great Britain and the British Commonwealth and empire, and colonial governor, was born at Freshwater,...

Coddington, William

Sydney V. James.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1498 words.

Coddington, William ( October 1603–01 November 1678), founder of Newport and governor of Rhode Island, was born in rural Lincolnshire, England, the son of Robert Coddington, a prosperous...

Codrington, Christopher (1668–1710), colonial governor and benefactor

Scott Mandelbrote.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1412 words.

Codrington, Christopher (1668–1710), colonial governor and benefactor, was born in the parish of St John, Barbados, the elder son of Christopher Codrington (1639/40–1698), member of the...

Codrington, Christopher, Jr.

Glenn Blalock.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1341 words.

Codrington, Christopher, Jr. (1668–07 April 1710), scholar, soldier, and governor general of the Leeward Islands, was born in St. John’s parish, Barbados, the son of Christopher Codrington,...

Corbin, Margaret Cochran

John K. Alexander.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Social and Cultural History. 1722 words.

Corbin, Margaret Cochran (12 November 1752–1800), revolutionary war heroine, was a . The details of her early life are based on an undocumented source that indicates she was born in...

Des Barres, Joseph Frederick Wallet (1721–1824), hydrographer and colonial official

Roger T. Stearn.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Oceanography and Hydrology. 827 words.

Des Barres, Joseph Frederick Wallet (1721–1824), hydrographer and colonial official, was born in November 1721, either in Basel, Switzerland, or in Paris, the eldest child of Joseph-Léonard...

Flora, William

Charles W. Carey.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Business and Management; Social and Cultural History. 807 words.

Flora, William (fl. 1775–1818), war hero and businessman, was born probably in the vicinity of Portsmouth, Virginia, the son of free black parents, whose names are unknown. On the eve of...

Grant, Charles (1746–1823), director of the East India Company and philanthropist

Penelope Carson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 3438 words.

Grant, Charles (1746–1823), director of the East India Company and philanthropist, was born in March 1746 at Aldourie farmhouse, Glen Urquhart, his mother's home, on Loch Ness in...

Habersham, James (1713–1775), benefactor and colonial official

Milton Ready.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 982 words.

Habersham, James (1713–1775), benefactor and colonial official, was born in June 1713 at Beverley, Yorkshire, the son of James Habersham (d. in or after 1736), a dyer and innkeeper, and...

Hale, Nathan

Paul David Nelson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Social and Cultural History. 682 words.

Hale, Nathan (06 June 1755–22 September 1776), martyr of the American Revolution, was born in Coventry, Connecticut, the son of Richard Hale and Elizabeth Strong, successful farmers. A...

Hart, Nancy

Lee Ann Caldwell.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Social and Cultural History. 1198 words.

Hart, Nancy (1735–1830), revolutionary war heroine, was born Ann Morgan, in Pennsylvania or North Carolina, the daughter of Thomas Morgan and Rebecca Alexander. Nothing is known of her...

Heathcote, Caleb

Eugene R. Sheridan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Religion; Agriculture and Farming. 1091 words.

Heathcote, Caleb (06 March 1666–01 March 1721), merchant, manor lord, and Anglican activist, was born in Derbyshire, England, the son of Gilbert Heathcote, a trader in hides and iron who...

Lafayette, James

Patrick G. Williams.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Social and Cultural History. 903 words.

Lafayette, James (1748–09 August 1830), patriot spy, also known to history as James Armistead, was born in slavery; little is recorded of his parentage or early life except that he belonged...

Lamothe Cadillac, Antoine Laumet de

Carl A. Brasseaux.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1254 words.

Lamothe Cadillac, Antoine Laumet de (05 March 1658–15 October 1730), founder of Detroit and governor of French Louisiana, was born at Les Laumets, department of Tarn-et-Garonne, France, the...

Lowndes, Thomas (bap. 1692, d. 1748), colonial official and benefactor

J. A. Cramb.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 661 words.

Lowndes, Thomas (bap. 1692, d. 1748), colonial official and benefactor, was baptized at Astbury, Cheshire, on 7 December 1692. He was the second son of William Lowndes of Overton, an estate...

Menéndez de Avilés, Pedro

Amy Turner Bushnell.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; World History; Latin American History. 1792 words.

Menéndez de Avilés, Pedro (15 February 1519–17 September 1574), captain general of the armada of the Indies and adelantado of Florida, was born in northern Spain, in the Asturian seaport of...