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Aigueblanche, Peter d' [Peter de Aqua Blanca] (d. 1268), bishop of Hereford and royal councillor

Nicholas Vincent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Social and Cultural History; UK Politics. 3261 words.

Aigueblanche, Peter d' [Peter de Aqua Blanca] (d. 1268), bishop of Hereford and royal councillor, was descended from the family of Briançon, holders of the lordship of Aigueblanche (Savoie)...

Appleby, John (d. 1389), dean of St Paul's, London, and diplomat

Cynthia J. Neville.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online October 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Diplomatic History; International Relations; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1142 words.

Appleby, John (d. 1389), dean of St Paul's, London, and diplomat, exemplifies at once the excesses of careerism and the intellectual sophistication that characterized the upper ranks of the...

Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator

D. W. Hayton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; UK Politics; British History; Political History. 6392 words.

Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury...

Auchmuty, Samuel

David E. Maas.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1311 words.

Auchmuty, Samuel (16 January 1722–04 March 1777), Episcopal minister and Loyalist, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Scottish-born Robert Auchmuty, a judge of admiralty in...

Bailey, Jacob

Sally Schwartz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Religion and Education; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1177 words.

Bailey, Jacob (1731–26 July 1808), Anglican missionary and Loyalist, was born in Rowley, Massachusetts, the son of David Bailey and Mary Hodgkins, farmers. The details of Bailey’s early...

Bainbridge, Christopher (1462/3–1514), ambassador, archbishop of York, and cardinal

D. S. Chambers.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 1830 words.

Bainbridge, Christopher (1462/3–1514), ambassador, archbishop of York, and cardinal, was born at Hilton, near Appleby, Westmorland, the eldest of six children of Reginald Bainbridge and...

Ballou, Adin

Len Gougeon.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations; World History; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Politics and Law; Ethnic Politics. 1229 words.

Ballou, Adin (23 April 1803–05 August 1890), Universalist clergyman, reformer, and founder of Hopedale Community, was born in Cumberland, Rhode Island, the son of Ariel Ballou and Edilda...

Barking, Richard of (d. 1246), abbot of Westminster and royal counsellor

Nicholas Vincent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; UK Politics. 811 words.

Barking, Richard of (d. 1246), abbot of Westminster and royal counsellor, was presumably a native of Barking in Essex. His mother, Lucy, was commemorated by an obit celebration at...

Bateman [Norwich], William (c. 1298–1355), diplomat, founder of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and bishop of Norwich

Roy Martin Haines.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 2167 words.

Bateman [Norwich], William (c. 1298–1355), diplomat, founder of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and bishop of Norwich, was probably born in Norwich (from which he was sometimes named), the third...

Beaton, James (1524–1603), diplomat and archbishop of Glasgow

Mark Dilworth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Diplomatic History; International Relations; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church. 1100 words.

Beaton, James (1524–1603), diplomat and archbishop of Glasgow, born in the spring or early summer of 1524, was the son of James Beaton, laird of Balfarg (Fife), and his wife, Helen...

Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal

G. L. Harriss.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; UK Politics. 6899 words.

Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal, was the second of four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster...

Benedict [Benedict of Peterborough] (c. 1135–1193), abbot of Peterborough and royal councillor

Edmund King.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; UK Politics. 931 words.

Benedict [Benedict of Peterborough] (c. 1135–1193), abbot of Peterborough and royal councillor, is first recorded at the event that shaped his life, as an eyewitness to the murder of Thomas...

Bolebec, Isabel de, countess of Oxford (c. 1164–1245), magnate and monastic patron

RaGena C. DeAragon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church. 454 words.

Bolebec, Isabel de, countess of Oxford (c. 1164–1245), magnate and monastic patron, was the eldest daughter of Hugh de Bolebec (d. c.1165), lord of Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire, and a patron...

Butler [née Grey], Josephine Elizabeth (1828–1906), social reformer and women's activist

Judith R. Walkowitz.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Christianity. 5913 words.

Butler [née Grey], Josephine Elizabeth (1828–1906), social reformer and women's activist, born on 13 April 1828 at Milfield Hill, Glendale, Northumberland, was the fourth daughter and...

Campeggi [Campeggio], Lorenzo (1471/2–1539), diplomat and bishop of Salisbury

T. F. Mayer.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 1155 words.

Campeggi [Campeggio], Lorenzo (1471/2–1539), diplomat and bishop of Salisbury, was born in Milan, the eldest of the five sons of Giovanni Zaccaria Campeggi and Dorotea di Tommaso Tebaldi....

Castellesi [da Castello, da Corneto], Adriano (c. 1461–1521), cardinal and English agent in Rome

T. F. Mayer.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 1715 words.

Castellesi [da Castello, da Corneto], Adriano (c. 1461–1521), cardinal and English agent in Rome, was born in Corneto (now Tarquinia) to 'a modest and almost servile family' (Paschini, 88)....

Chilembwe, John (c. 1870–1915), Baptist minister and anti-colonial rebel

Michael Twaddle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Politics; Revolutions and Rebellions. 1005 words.

Chilembwe, John (c. 1870–1915), Baptist minister and anti-colonial rebel, was probably born at Sangano, Chiradzulu, in modern Malawi, of a Yao father (reportedly called Kaundama), and a...

Clark, Joshua Reuben, Jr.

Frank W. Fox.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Diplomatic History; International Relations; Christian Churches and Denominations. 961 words.

Clark, Joshua Reuben, Jr. (01 September 1871–06 October 1961), diplomat and church leader, was born near Grantsville, Utah, the eldest of the ten children of Joshua Reuben Clark, Sr., and...

Clarke, John

Sydney V. James.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1034 words.

Clarke, John (08 October 1609–20 April 1676), Baptist preacher and colonial agent, was born in Westhorpe, Suffolk, the son of Thomas Clarke, a man of unknown occupation and middling rank,...

Clarke, John (1609–1676), colonial agent and Baptist preacher

Theodore Dwight Bozeman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 931 words.

Clarke, John (1609–1676), colonial agent and Baptist preacher, was born on 8 October 1609 in Westhorpe, Suffolk, the fifth of seven children of Thomas Clarke (d. 1627), a man of middling...