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Adams, Abigail

Nancy Neims Parks.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); US Politics. 1520 words.

Adams, Abigail (11 November 1744–28 October 1818), first lady and woman of intellect, was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts, the daughter of William Smith, a Congregational minister, and...

Ames, Fisher

Winfred E. A. Bernhard.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Politics; Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers). 2540 words.

Ames, Fisher (09 April 1758–04 July 1808), Federalist party leader, member of Congress, essayist, and renowned orator, was born in Dedham, Massachusetts, the son of Nathaniel Ames, Sr., a...

Anson [née Yorke], Elizabeth, Lady Anson (1725–1760), political correspondent and political manager

E. H. Chalus.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Journalism; Politics; Elections and Electoral Studies. 1013 words.

Anson [née Yorke], Elizabeth, Lady Anson (1725–1760), political correspondent and political manager, was born in August 1725, the sixth child and eldest daughter of Philip Yorke,...

Arenas, Reinaldo

Rafael Ocasio.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers). 1217 words.

Arenas, Reinaldo (16 July 1943–07 December 1990), novelist and political activist, was born in Holguín, a town in rural eastern Cuba, the son of Oneida Fuentes, a poor peasant woman, and a...

Ascham, Anthony (bap. 1614, d. 1650), diplomat and pamphleteer

Geoff Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Diplomatic History; International Relations. 1045 words.

Ascham, Anthony (bap. 1614, d. 1650), diplomat and pamphleteer, was baptized on 6 March 1614 in Boston, Lincolnshire, the son of Thomas and Cicilly (d. 1634) Ascham or Ascombe. Little is...

Asquith [née Tennant], Margaret Emma Alice [Margot], countess of Oxford and Asquith (1864–1945), political hostess and diarist

Eleanor Brock.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); UK Politics. 3259 words.

Asquith [née Tennant], Margaret Emma Alice [Margot], countess of Oxford and Asquith (1864–1945), political hostess and diarist, was born on 2 February 1864, the sixth daughter and eleventh...

Bankes, Henry (1757–1834), politician and parliamentary diarist

S. M. Farrell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); UK Politics. 802 words.

Bankes, Henry (1757–1834), politician and parliamentary diarist, was born on 19 December 1757; he was the second but only surviving son of Henry Bankes (bap. 1700, d. 1776), commissioner of...

Banning, Margaret Culkin

Ann T. Keene.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Education. 879 words.

Banning, Margaret Culkin (18 March 1891–04 January 1982), writer, was born in Buffalo, Minnesota, the daughter of William Edgar Culkin, a Duluth newspaper executive, and Hannah Alice Young....

Benn, Anthony Neil Wedgwood [Tony], second Viscount Stansgate (1925–2014), politician

Jad Adams.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online February 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); UK Politics. 8178 words.

Benn, Anthony Neil Wedgwood [Tony], second Viscount Stansgate (disclaimed for life) (1925–2014), politician, was born on 3 April 1925 at 40 Grosvenor Road, Westminster, the second of...

Bentley, Elizabeth Terrill

Harold Josephson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Politics; Revolutions and Rebellions. 1495 words.

Bentley, Elizabeth Terrill (01 January 1908–03 December 1963), Communist party activist and government witness, was born in New Milford, Connecticut, the daughter of Charles Prentiss...

Bernays, Robert Hamilton (1902–1945), politician and diarist

Nick Smart.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); UK Politics. 784 words.

Bernays, Robert Hamilton (1902–1945), politician and diarist, was born in Stanmore, Middlesex, on 6 May 1902, the fourth child and third son of the Revd Prebendary Stewart Frederic Lewis...

Biggs, Caroline Ashurst (1840–1889), novelist and campaigner for women's suffrage

Jonathan Spain.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Politics; Gender and Politics. 981 words.

Biggs, Caroline Ashurst (1840–1889), novelist and campaigner for women's suffrage, was born in St Margaret's, Leicester, on 23 August 1840, the second daughter of Matilda Ashurst Biggs...

Biondi, Sir Giovanni Francesco (1572–1644), diplomat and romance writer

Carlo M. Bajetta.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Diplomatic History; International Relations. 850 words.

Biondi, Sir Giovanni Francesco (1572–1644), diplomat and romance writer, was born at Lesina (now Hvar), Croatia. His family, whose surname was Biundović until the 1600s, was noble but of...

Bishop, Abraham

S. Charles Bolton.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); US Politics. 1031 words.

Bishop, Abraham (05 February 1763–28 April 1844), politician and writer, was born in New Haven, Connecticut, the son of Samuel Bishop, a political notable of New Haven, and Mehetabel...

Blair, Eric Arthur [pseud. George Orwell] (1903–1950), political writer and essayist

Bernard Crick.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Political Theory. 5943 words.

Blair, Eric Arthur [pseud. George Orwell] (1903–1950), political writer and essayist, was born in Motihari, Bengal, India, on 25 June 1903, the only son of Richard Walmesley Blair...

Blake, Lillie Devereux

Ronald Yanosky.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers). 1123 words.

Blake, Lillie Devereux (12 August 1835–30 December 1913), author and feminist, was born in Raleigh, North Carolina, the daughter of George Pollok Devereux, a planter, and Sarah Elizabeth...

Blount, Elizabeth Anne Mould de Sodington [née Elizabeth Anne Mould Williams; other married name Elizabeth Anne Mould Morgan], Lady de Sodington Blount (1850–1935), pamphlet writer and social activist

Caroline Zilboorg.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Politics; Religion; Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights. 687 words.

Blount, Elizabeth Anne Mould de Sodington [née Elizabeth Anne Mould Williams; other married name Elizabeth Anne Mould Morgan], Lady de Sodington Blount (1850–1935), pamphlet writer and...

Bollan, William

Ronald Lettieri.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1167 words.

Bollan, William (1710?–1782), colonial agent and lawyer, was born in England and emigrated from there to America while a teenager. He pursued a legal career by studying as an apprentice...

Boyle, Kay

Chris Andre.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Education. 1046 words.

Boyle, Kay (19 February 1902–27 December 1992), writer, educator, and political activist, was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, the daughter of Howard Peterson Boyle, a lawyer, and Katherine...

Bridgeman [née Weld-Forester], Selina Louisa, countess of Bradford (1819–1894), correspondent of Benjamin Disraeli

Jane Ridley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Social and Cultural History; UK Politics. 698 words.

Bridgeman [née Weld-Forester], Selina Louisa, countess of Bradford (1819–1894), correspondent of Benjamin Disraeli, was the seventh and youngest child of Cecil, first Baron Forester...