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Aberhart, William (1878–1943), politician and evangelist in Canada

Graham Spry.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Religion; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 938 words.

Aberhart, William (1878–1943), politician and evangelist in Canada, was born in Hibbert township, near Seaforth, Perth county, Ontario, on 30 December 1878, the son of William Aberhart (who...

Adderley, James Granville (1861–1942), Church of England clergyman and Christian socialist

N. C. Masterman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Theory; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1268 words.

Adderley, James Granville (1861–1942), Church of England clergyman and Christian socialist, was born on 1 July 1861 at Hams Hall, Warwickshire, the fifth and youngest son of Charles Bowyer...

Aigueblanche, Peter d' [Peter de Aqua Blanca] (d. 1268), bishop of Hereford and royal councillor

Nicholas Vincent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Social and Cultural History; UK Politics. 3261 words.

Aigueblanche, Peter d' [Peter de Aqua Blanca] (d. 1268), bishop of Hereford and royal councillor, was descended from the family of Briançon, holders of the lordship of Aigueblanche (Savoie)...

Airmyn [Ayreminne], William (d. 1336), administrator and bishop of Norwich

M. C. Buck.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 1007 words.

Airmyn [Ayreminne], William (d. 1336), administrator and bishop of Norwich, was the son of Adam and Matilda Airmyn, and probably came from the hamlet of Airmyn, near Selby, in Yorkshire,...

Aiscough [Ayscough], William (c. 1395–1450), administrator and bishop of Salisbury

Margaret Lucille Kekewich.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 875 words.

Aiscough [Ayscough], William (c. 1395–1450), administrator and bishop of Salisbury, was the son of Robert Aiscough, of Potgrange, near Masham, Yorkshire, and brother of Robert, who became...

Alcock, John (1430–1500), administrator and bishop of Ely

R. J. Schoeck.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; UK Politics; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 1616 words.

Alcock, John (1430–1500), administrator and bishop of Ely, was born at Beverley, Yorkshire, the son of William Alcock of Hull. Alcock received his early schooling in the grammar school...

Alen, John (1476–1534), archbishop of Dublin

James Murray.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church. 1997 words.

Alen, John (1476–1534), archbishop of Dublin, is of unknown parentage. He received his undergraduate training at Gonville Hall, Cambridge, between 1491 and 1495, although there is an...

Appleby, John (d. 1389), dean of St Paul's, London, and diplomat

Cynthia J. Neville.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online October 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Diplomatic History; International Relations; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1142 words.

Appleby, John (d. 1389), dean of St Paul's, London, and diplomat, exemplifies at once the excesses of careerism and the intellectual sophistication that characterized the upper ranks of the...

Archibald (d. 1198), administrator and abbot of Dunfermline

W. W. Scott.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 521 words.

Archibald (d. 1198), administrator and abbot of Dunfermline, was of unknown origins. He became abbot in 1178 or 1179, and soon after his appointment witnessed two acta of King William the...

Arnett, Benjamin William

Stephen D. Glazier.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Education; US Politics; State and Local Government. 1314 words.

Arnett, Benjamin William (06 March 1838–09 October 1906), African-American religious, educational, and political leader, was born in Brownsville, Pennsylvania, the son of Samuel G. Arnett...

Arundel [Fitzalan], Thomas (1353–1414), administrator and archbishop of Canterbury

Jonathan Hughes.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Political Institutions; Public Administration; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church. 6065 words.

Arundel [Fitzalan], Thomas (1353–1414), administrator and archbishop of Canterbury, was the third son of Richard (II) Fitzalan, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c....

Askew, Egeon (1575/6–1637), Church of England clergyman

J. E. Bailey.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 298 words.

Askew, Egeon (1575/6–1637), Church of England clergyman, was a native of Lancashire. His family originated from Mulcaster, Cumberland, and lived subsequently at Kirby Ireleth, Lancashire,...

Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator

D. W. Hayton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; UK Politics; British History; Political History. 6392 words.

Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury...

Auchmuty, Samuel

David E. Maas.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1311 words.

Auchmuty, Samuel (16 January 1722–04 March 1777), Episcopal minister and Loyalist, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Scottish-born Robert Auchmuty, a judge of admiralty in...

The background of Kant's thought

in Kant

August 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy; 17th - 18th Century Philosophy; Christianity; Political Theory. 3950 words.

The Critique of Pure Reason is the most important work of philosophy written in modern times. ‘The background of Kant's thought’ presents, with as few technicalities as possible, an...

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Bacon, John

Ronald Lettieri.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 984 words.

Bacon, John (09 April 1738–25 October 1820), Presbyterian clergyman and public official, was born in Canterbury, Connecticut, the son of John Bacon and Ruth Spaulding. He graduated from the...

Bailey, Jacob

Sally Schwartz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Religion and Education; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1177 words.

Bailey, Jacob (1731–26 July 1808), Anglican missionary and Loyalist, was born in Rowley, Massachusetts, the son of David Bailey and Mary Hodgkins, farmers. The details of Bailey’s early...

Bainbridge, Christopher (1462/3–1514), ambassador, archbishop of York, and cardinal

D. S. Chambers.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 1830 words.

Bainbridge, Christopher (1462/3–1514), ambassador, archbishop of York, and cardinal, was born at Hilton, near Appleby, Westmorland, the eldest of six children of Reginald Bainbridge and...

Baldock, Ralph (d. 1313), administrator and bishop of London

H. A. Tipping.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; UK Politics; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 699 words.

Baldock, Ralph (d. 1313), administrator and bishop of London, was first recorded in February 1275, when he was admitted as rector of Little Woolstone in Buckinghamshire. In St Paul's he...

Balfour [née Campbell], Lady Frances (1858–1931), suffragist leader and churchwoman

Joan B. Huffman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Politics; Gender and Politics. 2113 words.

Balfour [née Campbell], Lady Frances (1858–1931), suffragist leader and churchwoman, was born at Argyll Lodge, Kensington, London, on 22 February 1858, the fifth daughter and tenth of...