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Anza, Juan Bautista de

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 890 words.

Anza, Juan Bautista de (07 July 1736–19 December 1788), military commander, explorer, and governor, was born in the presidio of Fronteras, Sonora, Mexico, the son of Juan Bautista de Anza,...

Argall, Sir Samuel

J. Frederick Fausz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1153 words.

Argall, Sir Samuel (1580–24 January 1626), English explorer and colonial leader in early Virginia, was baptized at East Sutton, Kent, England, on 4 December 1580, the son of Richard Argall,...

Beecroft, John (1790–1854), west African explorer and consul

Howard Temperley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Diplomatic History; International Relations; African History; Maps and Map-making. 751 words.

Beecroft, John (1790–1854), west African explorer and consul, was born near Whitby. Little is known about his early years beyond the fact that in 1805, while serving aboard a coasting...

Bingham, Hiram

Thomas L. Karnes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; State and Local Government. 1324 words.

Bingham, Hiram (19 November 1875–06 June 1956), explorer, was born Hiram Bingham III in Honolulu, Hawaii, the son of Hiram Bingham (1831–1908) and Clarissa Minerva Brewster, missionaries....

Bradley, Abraham, Jr.

Richard R. John.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Cartography; World History. 1132 words.

Bradley, Abraham, Jr. (21 February 1767– May 1838), public administrator and topographer, was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, the son of Abraham Bradley, a public officer, and Hannah...

Burnes, Sir Alexander (1805–1841), political officer in India and explorer

Katherine Prior.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Indian History; Politics; Middle Eastern History. 1016 words.

Burnes, Sir Alexander (1805–1841), political officer in India and explorer, fourth of the five sons of James Burnes (1780–1852), provost of Montrose, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of...

Caswell, Richard (1729–1789), surveyor and politician in America

William S. Powell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building; US Politics. 1200 words.

Caswell, Richard (1729–1789), surveyor and politician in America, was born on 3 August 1729 at Mulberry Point, a plantation overlooking Chesapeake Bay, near Joppa, Baltimore county,...

Clark, William

Jerome O. Steffen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Native American History; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; State and Local Government. 1656 words.

Clark, William (01 August 1770–01 September 1838), explorer, Indian agent, and governor of Missouri Territory, was born in Caroline County, Virginia, the son of John Clark III, a planter,...

Colquhoun, Archibald Ross (1848–1914), explorer, colonial administrator, and author

Donal Lowry.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; History of the Americas; Asian History; African History. 1237 words.

Colquhoun, Archibald Ross (1848–1914), explorer, colonial administrator, and author, was born at sea off the Cape of Good Hope in March 1848, the fifth of six children of Dr Archibald...

Coronado, Francisco Vázquez de

Joseph P. Sánchez.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1328 words.

Coronado, Francisco Vázquez de (1510–22 September 1554), explorer and governor, was born in Salamanca, Spain, the son of the nobleman Juan Vázquez de Coronado and doña Isabel de Lujan....

Elder, John [Jhone Eldar] (fl. 1533–1565), cartographer and propagandist

Marcus Merriman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Cartography; World History. 999 words.

Elder, John [Jhone Eldar] (fl. 1533–1565), cartographer and propagandist, was a native of Caithness—a ‘redshank’, as he styled himself. He was educated on Skye and Lewis before continuing...

Elias, Ney (1844–1897), explorer and diplomatist

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Asian History; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 1345 words.

Elias, Ney (1844–1897), explorer and diplomatist, was born at Widmore, Kent, on 10 February 1844, the second son of Ney Elias (d. 1891) of Kensington and his wife, Sophia, both from...

Ellis, Henry

Edward J. Cashin.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1203 words.

Ellis, Henry (24 August 1721–21 January 1806), explorer, scientist, and governor, was born in Monaghan, Ireland, the son of Francis Ellis, a wealthy landowner, and Joan Maxwell. Young Henry...

Ellis, Henry (1721–1806), explorer and colonial governor

Rory T. Cornish.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; History of the Americas; African History; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1181 words.

Ellis, Henry (1721–1806), explorer and colonial governor, was born in Monaghan town, co. Monaghan, Ireland, the eighth but second surviving child of Francis Ellis (1683–1773), landowner,...

Eyre, Edward John (1815–1901), explorer and colonial governor

Gad Heuman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Australasian and Pacific History; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 2842 words.

Eyre, Edward John (1815–1901), explorer and colonial governor, was born at Whipsnade, Bedfordshire, on 5 August 1815, the third son of Anthony William Eyre, curate of Whipsnade and later...

Ferguson, George Ekem (1864–1897), surveyor and colonial agent

David Killingray.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1110 words.

Ferguson, George Ekem (1864–1897), surveyor and colonial agent, was born on 14 July 1864 at Anomabu, in the British west African colony of the Gold Coast, the surviving twin son of Robert...

Forrest, John, first Baron Forrest (1847–1918), explorer and politician in Australia

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Australasian and Pacific History; Maps and Map-making; Politics. 1267 words.

Forrest, John, first Baron Forrest (1847–1918), explorer and politician in Australia, third son of the ten children born to William Forrest (1819–1899), farmer and millwright, of Preston...

Frémont, John Charles

Pamela Herr.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; World History; Maps and Map-making. 2198 words.

Frémont, John Charles (21 January 1813–13 July 1890), explorer and presidential candidate, was born in Savannah, Georgia, the son of Jean Charles Fremon, a French émigré teacher, and Anne...

Heap, John Arnfield (1932–2006), polar researcher and civil servant

G. Hattersley-Smith.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; World History; Maps and Map-making; UK Politics; Political Institutions. 824 words.

Heap, John Arnfield (1932–2006), polar researcher and civil servant, was born at St Mary's Hospital, Manchester, on 5 February 1932, the only child of David Heap, electrical engineer, and...

Herrman, Augustine

Dorothy Rowlett Colburn.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Cartography; World History; Diplomatic History; International Relations; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1293 words.

Herrman, Augustine (1605?–1686?), merchant, attorney, ambassador, and mapmaker, was born in Prague, Bohemia, thought to be the son of Ephraim Augustin Herrman, a shopkeeper and city...