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Adams, Charles Francis

John F. Stover.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; Politics; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 1393 words.

Adams, Charles Francis (27 May 1835–20 March 1915), railroad official, civic leader, and historian, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Charles Francis Adams (1807–1886), a...

Adams, James Hopkins

Ronald W. Fischer.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Agriculture and Farming. 991 words.

Adams, James Hopkins (15 March 1812–13 July 1861), planter and politician, was born in Richland District, South Carolina, the son of Henry Walker Adams and Mary Goodwyn, planters. At an...

Agricultural Subsidies and the Environment

Heather Williams.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Environmental History; Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 10280 words.

Worldwide, governments subsidize agriculture at the rate of approximately 1 billion dollars per day. This figure rises to about twice that when export and biofuels production subsidies and...

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Aiken, D. Wyatt

William L. Barney.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Agriculture and Farming; Journalism. 1025 words.

Aiken, D. Wyatt (17 March 1828–06 April 1887), agricultural editor and congressman, was born David Wyatt Aiken in Winnsboro, South Carolina, the son of David Aiken, a merchant and planter,...

Aiken, George David

Donald R. McCoy.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; US Politics. 943 words.

Aiken, George David (20 August 1892–19 November 1984), farmer and U.S. senator, was born in Dummerston, Vermont, the son of Edward W. Aiken and Myra Cook, farmers. He attended high school...

Aiken, William

James M. Clifton.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Agriculture and Farming. 973 words.

Aiken, William (28 January 1806–06 September 1887), planter and congressman, was born in Charleston, South Carolina, the son of William Aiken, Sr., an Irish immigrant, and Henrietta Wyatt....

Aldrich, Nelson Wilmarth

Patrick G. Williams.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 2283 words.

Aldrich, Nelson Wilmarth (06 November 1841–16 April 1915), U.S. senator, congressman, and businessman, was born in Foster, Rhode Island, the son of Anan Aldrich and Abby Burgess, farmers....

Allan, Sir William (1837–1903), engineer and politician

A. H. Millar.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Engineering (General). 619 words.

Allan, Sir William (1837–1903), engineer and politician, born at Dundee on 29 November 1837, was the third son of James Allan (d. 1883), machine maker, and his wife, Margaret Dickson (d....

Allen, William (1704–1780), landowner and politician in America

Benjamin H. Newcomb.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; History of Agriculture; US Politics; Agriculture and Farming. 866 words.

Allen, William (1704–1780), landowner and politician in America, was born on 5 August 1704 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to William Allen (d. c.1725), merchant, and his wife, known only by...

Allston, Robert Francis Withers

James M. Clifton.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Agriculture and Farming. 969 words.

Allston, Robert Francis Withers (21 April 1801–07 April 1864), planter and statesman, was born on “Hagley Plantation” in All Saints Parish (Georgetown District), South Carolina, the son of...

Alston, Joseph

James M. Clifton.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Agriculture and Farming. 760 words.

Alston, Joseph (1779–10 September 1816), planter and statesman, was born in All Saints Parish (Georgetown District), South Carolina, the son of Colonel William Alston, a rice planter, and...

Alston, William

James M. Clifton.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; US Politics; State and Local Government. 795 words.

Alston, William (1757–26 June 1839), planter and legislator, was born in All Saints Parish (Georgetown District), South Carolina, the son of Joseph Allston and Charlotte Rothmaler,...

Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist

Rosalind Mitchison.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; Economics; Political Economy. 1314 words.

Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents...

Anderson, Sir Alan Garrett (1877–1952), public servant and shipowner

Freda Harcourt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 1382 words.

Anderson, Sir Alan Garrett (1877–1952), public servant and shipowner, was born in London on 9 March 1877, the only son of James George Skelton Anderson and his wife, Elizabeth Garrett...

Arnott, Samuel (1852–1930), gardener and politician

John M. Grimshaw.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; UK Politics. 951 words.

Arnott, Samuel (1852–1930), gardener and politician, was born above his father's baker's shop at the corner of Friar's Vennel, Dumfries, on 30 September 1852, the son of John Arnott (d....

Atkins, Samuel Elliott (1807–1898), chronometer maker and politician

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Science and Mathematics; Instruments and Instrumentation Engineering. 496 words.

Atkins, Samuel Elliott (1807–1898), chronometer maker and politician, was born on 13 April 1807 at Clement's Lane, off Lombard Street in the City of London, the son of George Atkins,...

Atkinson, Sir Harry Albert (1831–1892), farmer and premier of New Zealand

Judith Bassett.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; Politics. 1225 words.

Atkinson, Sir Harry Albert (1831–1892), farmer and premier of New Zealand, was born on 1 November 1831 at Broxton, Cheshire, the fourth son and the seventh of the thirteen children of John...

Attygalle, Gen. Don Sepala

in Who Was Who

P ublished online December 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 92 words.

Hon. LVO 1954

Born 14 Oct. 1921; m 1958, Ithali Mercia Attygalle; one s.; died 15 Jan. 2001

Chairman and Managing Director, Air Lanka Ltd, 1993–95; High...

Aucher, Sir Anthony (d. 1558), administrator and landowner

J. D. Alsop.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; History of Agriculture; Political Institutions; Public Administration; Agriculture and Farming. 1745 words.

Aucher, Sir Anthony (d. 1558), administrator and landowner, was the only surviving son and heir of James Aucher (d. 1509), gentleman, of Otterden, Kent, and his wife, Alice Hill. The...

Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist

Joan Mason.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Electrical Engineering; Politics; Gender and Politics. 1364 words.

Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist, was born Phoebe Sarah Marks on 28 April 1854 at 6 Queen Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, third child...