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Social Sciences x Politics x Mathematics x clear all

Acland, James (1799–1876)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Probability and Statistics. 8 words.

See McCalmont, Frederick Haynes

Anti-Corn Law League

Baxter, Robert Dudley (1827–1875), political writer and statistician

E. J. Feuchtwanger.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Theory; Probability and Statistics. 822 words.

Baxter, Robert Dudley (1827–1875), political writer and statistician, was born on 3 February 1827 at Doncaster, the son of Robert Baxter, of Stoke Golding, Leicestershire, and of the firm...

Boreham, Sir (Arthur) John (1925–1994), statistician and civil servant

Arthur Green.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Political Institutions; Probability and Statistics. 562 words.

Boreham, Sir (Arthur) John (1925–1994), statistician and civil servant, was born on 30 July 1925 at Noddon, Beacon Hill, Hindhead, Surrey, the second surviving son of the Ven. Frederick...

Bray, Jeremy William (1930–2002), mathematician and politician

Tam Dalyell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2009; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; UK Politics. 1177 words.

Bray, Jeremy William (1930–2002), mathematician and politician, was born in Hong Kong on 29 June 1930, the son of the Revd Arthur Henry Bray and his wife, Edith Muriel, who were Methodist...

Brodetsky, Selig (1888–1954), mathematician and Zionist leader

Leon Mestel.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Politics and Law; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 959 words.

Brodetsky, Selig (1888–1954), mathematician and Zionist leader, was born on 5 July 1888 at Olviopol, a small town in Ukraine 100 miles north of Odessa, the second son among the thirteen...

Cleland, James (1770–1840), statistician and civic administrator

Stana Nenadic.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Political Institutions; Public Administration; Probability and Statistics. 593 words.

Cleland, James (1770–1840), statistician and civic administrator, was born in Glasgow on 28 January 1770 and spent his early career as a cabinet-maker in his father's firm. He was educated...

cube law

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics — Politics.

An empirical law relating to the outcome of two-party multiple constituency elections. It states that if the votes gained by the parties are in the ratio p to (1-p), then the numbers of...

See overview in Oxford Index

Digges, Thomas (c. 1546–1595), mathematician and member of parliament

Stephen Johnston.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; UK Politics. 1929 words.

Digges, Thomas (c. 1546–1595), mathematician and member of parliament, was the eldest son of Leonard Digges (c. 1515–c. 1559), practical mathematician, and his wife, Bridget, daughter of...

Fawcett, Philippa Garrett (1868–1948), mathematician and civil servant

Rita McWilliams Tullberg.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; UK Politics; Political Institutions. 1672 words.

Fawcett, Philippa Garrett (1868–1948), mathematician and civil servant, was born in London on 4 April 1868, the only daughter of Henry Fawcett (1833–1884), Liberal politician and professor...

Fletcher, Joseph (1813–1852), statistician and school inspector

Timothy L. Alborn.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Organization and Management of Education; Probability and Statistics. 570 words.

Fletcher, Joseph (1813–1852), statistician and school inspector, was the third son of George Fletcher, of Rennes, France. Little is known of his background and early life, except that he...

Flux, Sir Alfred William (1867–1942), economist, statistician, and civil servant

Henry Clay.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Political Institutions; Probability and Statistics; Economics. 1001 words.

Flux, Sir Alfred William (1867–1942), economist, statistician, and civil servant, was born in Portsmouth on 8 April 1867, the only son of John Flux, a journeyman cement maker, and his wife,...

Hamilton, Robert (1743–1829), political economist and mathematician

R. E. Anderson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Economics; Political Economy. 469 words.

Hamilton, Robert (1743–1829), political economist and mathematician, was born in Edinburgh on 11 June 1743, the eighth son of Gavin Hamilton (1704–1767), bookseller and publisher, and his...

Heath, Sir Thomas Little (1861–1940), civil servant and authority on ancient mathematics

Maurice Headlam and Ivor Thomas.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; UK Politics; Political Institutions. 1618 words.

Heath, Sir Thomas Little (1861–1940), civil servant and authority on ancient mathematics, was born on 5 October 1861 at Barnetby-le-Wold, Lincolnshire, the third and youngest son of Samuel...

Hibbert, Sir Jack (1932–2005), statistician and civil servant

David Wroe.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Political Institutions; Probability and Statistics. 1227 words.

Hibbert, Sir Jack (1932–2005), statistician and civil servant, was born at the Huddersfield Municipal Maternity Home, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, on 14 February 1932, the only child of William...

Leeds, John

Susan Hamburger.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Mathematics. 1088 words.

Leeds, John (18 May 1705– March 1790), public official, surveyor, and mathematician, was born at Bay Hundred, Talbot County, Maryland, the son of Edward Leeds and Ruth Ball. Leeds,...

Levi, Leone (1821–1888), jurist, political economist, and statistician

G. R. Rubin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Probability and Statistics; Economics; Political Economy. 1630 words.

Levi, Leone (1821–1888), jurist, political economist, and statistician, was born on 6 June 1821 in Ancona, later part of the kingdom of Italy. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His...

Levy, Hyman (1889–1975), mathematician and socialist activist

John Stewart.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Politics. 1013 words.

Levy, Hyman (1889–1975), mathematician and socialist activist, was born on 28 February 1889 in Edinburgh, the second of four sons and third of eight children of Marcus Levy, picture dealer...

minimax

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Computing.

A basic algorithm in artificial intelligence, in particular when constructing programs to play games such as chess. A tree of possible moves, alternating with possible opponent' moves, is...

See overview in Oxford Index

Nissel [née Griffiths], Muriel (1921–2010), statistician and civil servant

Claus Moser.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Political Institutions; Probability and Statistics. 1019 words.

Nissel [née Griffiths], Muriel (1921–2010), statistician and civil servant, was born on 30 January 1921 at 38 Perham Road, Fulham, London, the only child of Evan Griffiths, a civil servant...

Olds, Leland

William D. Jenkins.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; US Politics; Probability and Statistics. 1664 words.

Olds, Leland (31 December 1890–03 August 1960), statistician, journalist, and government regulatory official, was born in Rochester, New York, the son of George Daniel Olds, a professor of...