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Accountability Mechanisms

Mark T. Buntaine.

in Giving Aid Effectively

May 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations; Environment. 12441 words.

Sourcing information about the outcomes of projects from local people might provide an alternative pathway to better performance and more selective decisions about the allocation of...

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Addressing the Problem of Performance

Mark T. Buntaine.

in Giving Aid Effectively

May 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations; Environment. 8798 words.

This chapter presents the principal-agent framework that will serve as the basis for the empirical research in the following chapters. Although a great deal of theoretical development has...

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Administrative Procedures

Mark T. Buntaine.

in Giving Aid Effectively

May 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations; Environment. 16040 words.

In response to failures to protect local people from environmental harm in development projects, the multilateral development banks established safeguard procedures. These procedures...

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Agenda Setting and Natural Hazards

Rob A. DeLeo.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Climate Change; Environmental Politics; Epidemiology. 7719 words.

Agenda setting describes the process through which issues are selected for consideration by a decision-making body. Among the myriad of issues policymakers can consider, few are more vexing...

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Agricultural Subsidies and the Environment

Heather Williams.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Environmental History; Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 10280 words.

Worldwide, governments subsidize agriculture at the rate of approximately 1 billion dollars per day. This figure rises to about twice that when export and biofuels production subsidies and...

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Albright, Horace Marden

Robert Cahn.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Social and Cultural History; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science). 1204 words.

Albright, Horace Marden (06 January 1890–28 March 1987), park service director, was born in Bishop, California, the son of George Albright, a mining engineer, and Mary Marden. He graduated...

Allocating the Earth

Breena Holland.

September 2014; p ublished online May 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 272 pages.

This book advances a new distributional framework to guide the evaluation and design of environmental policies. Drawing on capabilities theory, and especially on Martha Nussbaum’s...

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Alumni Involvement and Long-Termist University Governance

Danielle Zwarthoed.

in Institutions For Future Generations

December 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Environment. 7600 words.

To be long-termist, higher education should (i) secure social justice in the future and (ii) contribute to positive intergenerational savings. Positive contributions are to be assessed in...

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Antarctica and Siegfried Kracauer’s Extraterrestrial Film Theory

Jennifer Fay.

in Inhospitable World

May 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Environment. 15371 words.

`Siegfried Kracauer’s film and photographic theory along with cinematic records of early Antarctic exploration explain how this utterly inhospitable continent (Antarctica) and this media...

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Archiving for the Future

Jonathan White.

in Institutions For Future Generations

December 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Environment. 6132 words.

Political parties in contemporary Western democracy are widely observed to be short-termist, their gaze extending little further than the next opinion poll. This presents a problem for...

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Aristotle on the Ethics of Communicating Climate Change

Michael Lamb and Melissa Lane.

in Climate Justice in a Non-Ideal World

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Environment. 11778 words.

The field of climate change communication (CCC) has recently emerged to address the gap between scientific knowledge of climate change and public motivation to respond. Psychologists in...

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Attitudes and Norms

Elizabeth R. DeSombre.

in Why Good People Do Bad Environmental Things

June 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; US Politics. 12820 words.

Many people care about the environment and are in favor of protecting it, but these concerns are imperfect determinants of behavior. There are good reasons for this “value-action gap”:...

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Bass, Robert Perkins

Marc McClure.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; State and Local Government; Social and Cultural History; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science). 1373 words.

Bass, Robert Perkins (11 September 1873–29 July 1960), governor of New Hampshire, conservationist, and labor relations adviser, was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Perkins Bass, a...

Beyond Greenwash

Hamish van der Ven.

April 2019; p ublished online April 2019 .

Book. Subjects: Environment; International Relations. 248 pages.

Modern consumers are confronted by a growing array of colorful eco-labels on everything from coffee to computers. Yet, not all of these eco-labels are trustworthy. Despite the existence of...

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Beyond Multiculturalism

Todd A. Eisenstadt and Karleen Jones West.

in Who Speaks for Nature?

May 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Environment. 13360 words.

In this introductory chapter we discuss the assumption of post-materialism championed by Inglehart (1990, 1995): the idea that some groups, such as middle-class urban dwellers, are...

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Bishop, Sir Frederick Arthur (1915–2005), civil servant and director-general of the National Trust

William Plowden.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science); Architecture; Art Education; UK Politics; Political Institutions. 1896 words.

Bishop, Sir Frederick Arthur (1915–2005), civil servant and director-general of the National Trust, was born on 4 December 1915 at 118 Hampstead Road, Brislington, Bristol, the son of...

Boles, Sir John Dennis [Jack] (1925–2013), colonial administrator and director-general of the National Trust

Merlin Waterson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Social and Cultural History; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science). 1227 words.

Boles, Sir John Dennis [Jack] (1925–2013), colonial administrator and director-general of the National Trust, was born on 25 June 1925 at Stepney Tower Nursing Home, Southsea, Portsmouth,...

Brewing Trouble

Calestous Juma.

in Innovation and Its Enemies

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 7770 words.

This chapter sets the stage for deeper examination of tension between innovation and socioeconomic incumbency as reflected in the defense of preexisting products and their place in cultural...

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Brunner [née Irving], (Dorothea) Elizabeth, Lady Brunner (1904–2003), voluntary worker

Shirley Anglesey.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2009; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science); Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 1185 words.

Brunner [née Irving], (Dorothea) Elizabeth, Lady Brunner (1904–2003), voluntary worker, was born on 14 April 1904 at 1 Upper Woburn Place, London, the daughter of Henry Brodribb Irving...

Buster Keaton’s Climate Change

Jennifer Fay.

in Inhospitable World

May 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Theory; Environment. 13687 words.

Much of Buster Keaton’s slapstick comedy revolves around his elaborate outdoor sets and the crafty weather design that destroys them. In contrast to D. W. Griffith, who insisted on filming...

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