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Basic Needs

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution — Politics.

The basic needs approach grew out of disappointment with policies for economic growth in the Third World, which had left poverty and unemployment largely untouched. Basic needs emphasizes...

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Conflict Resolution: Feminist Perspectives

Simona Sharoni.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Politics and Sexuality. 11637 words.

The academic study of conflict resolution was born as as a critique of mainstream International Relations (IR), which explains why feminist theory and conflict resolution share many things...

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democratic peace

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The idea that democratic or republican states are more peaceful in their external relations and never (or almost never) fight each other. Modern democratic peace theory (DPT) builds on a...

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The Ethnic, Nationalist, and Religious Roots of Terrorism

Josephine Squires.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Ethnic Politics. 12033 words.

Terrorism has been described variously as a tactic and strategy, a crime and a holy duty, as well as a justified reaction to oppression and an inexcusable abomination. Nationalist terrorism...

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Ethnicity and Nationalism in Wars of Secession

Jason Sorens.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Ethnic Politics. 11234 words.

For some time, scholars have noticed that ethnic groups that are geographically concentrated or possess a “regional base” tend to become embroiled in anti-state rebellion at a much higher...

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Frank Kellogg

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

(b. Potsdam, New York, 22 Dec. 1856; d. St Paul, Minnesota, 21 Dec. 1937)

US; Secretary of State 1925–9 Kellogg was brought up in Minnesota, where he practised as a lawyer. He was...

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Intelligence in War

John Ferris.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Security Studies. 11038 words.

A large literature has emerged on intelligence and war which integrates the topics and techniques of two disciplines: strategic studies and military history. The literature on intelligence...

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International Organization and Ending Conflicts

Alistair D. Edgar.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; International Relations. 13126 words.

International organization as an idea or an approach to political and social conflict management and resolution—now often referred to under the rubric of “global governance”—has been the...

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International Organizations and Preventing War

Martin S. Edwards and Jonathan M. DiCicco.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

January 2012; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; International Relations. 11552 words.

International organizations (IOs) such as the United Nations play an important role in war prevention. In theory, IOs reduce the risk of war between belligerents by improving communication,...

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Issues in Data Collection: International Conflict

Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, Kyle Beardsley and Sara M. T. Polo.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Quantitative Political Methodology. 12230 words.

Conflict data sets can shed light on how different ways of measuring conflict (or any other international relations phenomenon) result in different conclusions. Data collection procedures...

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Jus ad Bellum

Caron E. Gentry.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

December 2013; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Political Institutions. 10865 words.

Alex J. Bellamy's Just Wars: From Cicero to Iraq (2006), Michael Walzer's Just and Unjust Wars (1977), and Larry May's Aggression and Crimes Against Peace (2008) are three significant works...

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Nuclear Nonproliferation

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution — Politics.

The most technically challenging part of building nuclear weapons is the production of fuel for the weapon. The same process that enriches uranium (increasing the ratio of 235U92 in natural...

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Peace: A Conceptual Survey

Paul F. Diehl.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Security Studies. 8766 words.

Peace is an elusive concept with many different meanings. Traditionally, it has been equated with the absence of war or violence, but such “negative peace” has limited value as it lumps...

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Peace Studies and (Counter)Terrorism

Valentina Bartolucci.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Security Studies. 8067 words.

Scholarly attention on both Peace Studies (PS) and contemporary security issues, in particular “terrorism” and “counterterrorism,” is notable and has been growing in recent decades. Several...

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The Political Economy of Violent Conflict Within States

Achim Wennmann.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Political Economy; Security Studies. 11688 words.

The political economy of violent conflict is a body of literature that investigates how economic issues and interests shape the dynamics associated to violent conflict after the Cold War....

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Russian Security and Nuclear Policies: Successor to the Superpower Arsenal?

Mariya Y. Omelicheva.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

June 2011; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Security Studies. 11462 words.

The Cold War was a period of hostilities between the United States and the Soviet Union as the two superpowers engaged in a nuclear arms race. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, some...

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Transformations of War: Perspectives from International Political Sociology

Vivienne Jabri.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Political Sociology. 11440 words.

The reality of war has always been connected with political, economic, and social dynamics, as opposed to the notion that it is held within the confines of the battlefield. International...

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Women, Gender, and Contemporary Armed Conflict

Megan MacKenzie.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Politics and Sexuality. 10154 words.

More than twenty years ago, feminist scholars began challenging conventional approaches to the study of war that they accused of being gender blind and excluding women’s involvement and...

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World Social Forum

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution — Politics.

Network for anti‐globalization protest, describing itself as ‘a plural, diversified, non‐confessional, non‐governmental and non‐party context that, in a decentralized fashion, interrelates...

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