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Ashley, William Henry

David J. Wishart.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Native American History; World History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History. 1130 words.

Ashley, William Henry (1778–26 March 1838), fur trader and politician, was born in Chesterfield County, Virginia. His parents are unknown, and there is no definitive record of his early...

Chouteau, Auguste Pierre

Randolph B. Campbell.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Diplomatic History; International Relations; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Native American History; World History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History. 1103 words.

Chouteau, Auguste Pierre (09 May 1786–25 December 1838), fur trader and Indian diplomat, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of Jean Pierre Chouteau, a fur trader and one of the...

Claiborne, William

J. Frederick Fausz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Native American History; World History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History. 1366 words.

Claiborne, William (1600–1677), American Indian trader and political leader in Virginia, was baptized at Crayford, County Kent, England, on 10 August 1600, the son of Thomas Claiborne, a...

Dickson, Robert

Robert Allen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Native American History; World History; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1297 words.

Dickson, Robert (1765–20 June 1823), fur trader and British Indian Department officer, was born in Dumfries, Scotland, the son of John Dickson, a merchant. His mother’s name is unknown....

Gibson, Francis (bap. 1752, d. 1805), mariner and collector of customs

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Political Institutions; Public Administration; World History; Travel and Holiday. 475 words.

Gibson, Francis (bap. 1752, d. 1805), mariner and collector of customs, was baptized at Whitby, Yorkshire, on 16 January 1752, the son of Joseph Gibson, commander of a merchant ship, and...

Goldsborough, Sir John (d. 1693), mariner and East India Company servant

Gordon Goodwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1011 words.

Goldsborough, Sir John (d. 1693), mariner and East India Company servant, is of obscure antecedents. A branch of the Goldsborough family was domiciled at Hadleigh near Ipswich in the...

Gresham, Sir Richard (c. 1485–1549), mercer, merchant adventurer, and mayor of London

Ian Blanchard.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Political Institutions; Public Administration; World History; Travel and Holiday. 3789 words.

Gresham, Sir Richard (c. 1485–1549), mercer, merchant adventurer, and mayor of London, was born at Holt, Norfolk, about 1485, probably the third of the four surviving sons—William, Thomas,...

Hawley, John, the elder (c. 1350–1408), pirate, merchant, and administrator

Susan Rose.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Political Institutions; Public Administration; Property Law; Property Crime; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1095 words.

Hawley, John, the elder (c. 1350–1408), pirate, merchant, and administrator, of Dartmouth, Devon, was the younger son of the first John Hawley who settled in Dartmouth some time before...

Herrman, Augustine

Dorothy Rowlett Colburn.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Cartography; World History; Diplomatic History; International Relations; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1293 words.

Herrman, Augustine (1605?–1686?), merchant, attorney, ambassador, and mapmaker, was born in Prague, Bohemia, thought to be the son of Ephraim Augustin Herrman, a shopkeeper and city...

Menard, Pierre

Timothy R. Mahoney.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; Native American History; World History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History. 1187 words.

Menard, Pierre (07 October 1766–13 June 1844), frontier trader, merchant, and politician, was born at St. Antoine, Quebec, Canada, the son of Jean Baptiste Menard, a French-born merchant,...

Mitchell, David Dawson

Robert A. Trennert.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Native American History; World History; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1002 words.

Mitchell, David Dawson (31 July 1806–31 May 1861), fur trader and government American Indian agent, was born in Louisa County, Virginia. Nothing is known about his parents. Mitchell’s youth...

Tooley, Henry (d. 1551), merchant adventurer and burgess

F. Ashburner.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1325 words.

Tooley, Henry (d. 1551), merchant adventurer and burgess, about whose early life little is known, is first heard of as a merchant in 1515, but it is likely that he was born in the 1470s,...