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Acting Globally

Alison Brysk.

in The Struggle for Freedom from Fear

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations; Political Economy. 13055 words.

Chapter 3 chronicles the international repertoire that has grown to respond to gender violence. We will trace the growth, rationale, and mechanisms of the regime. Global standards and...

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Adoption and Evolution of Cash Transfer Programs in Latin America

Fabián A. Borges.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online October 2019 .

Article. Subjects: International Relations; Political Economy. 9069 words.

The last two decades witnessed an unprecedented decline in poverty across the developing world, a decline partly explained by the adoption of social cash transfer programs. Ironically,...

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Advances in Science, Technology, and Engineering

Calestous Juma.

in The New Harvest

October 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy; International Relations. 6514 words.

African countries are faced with enormous technological challenges, but they also have access to a large pool of scientific and technical knowledge, giving them certain latecomer...

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Afterword

Marieke de Goede.

in Scandalous Economics

May 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations; Political Economy. 5602 words.

The Afterword analyzes novel ways in which gender and finance were interwoven in political practices of representing the global financial crisis (GFC) and in the search for new stabilities....

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Afterword

Anna Leander.

in Gender and Private Security in Global Politics

March 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations; Political Economy. 2713 words.

The afterword frames the contributions of the volume’s chapters in terms of four central themes of feminist research—(in)visibility, materiality, affect, and expertise. It argues that by...

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Afterword

Malcolm Fairbrother.

in Free Traders

December 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations; Political Economy. 8974 words.

This afterword examines the track record of free trade in North America, and what impacts it had in a number of areas. These range from trade and investment flows, and economic growth, to...

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Agrarian Elites and Democracy in Latin America after the Third Wave

Belén Fernández Milmanda.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online June 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Political Economy; International Relations. 10091 words.

The historical role of landed elites as obstacles to democratic consolidation in Latin America has been widely studied. Four decades after the onset of the third wave, however, the issue of...

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Agreements and Reforms Without Democratization: Chile and Colombia

Leonardo Baccini and Johannes Urpelainen.

in Cutting the Gordian Knot of Economic Reform

November 2014; p ublished online December 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations; Political Economy. 10540 words.

With case studies of Chile and Colombia, this chapter shows that reform demand induces preferential trading agreement (PTA) negotiations even in the absence of democratic transition. In...

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Agricultural Innovation Systems

Calestous Juma.

in The New Harvest

October 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy; International Relations. 9701 words.

The use of emerging technology and indigenous knowledge to promote sustainable agriculture will require adjustments in existing institutions. New approaches will need to be adopted to...

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America’s Wars in Vietnam and Iraq

Christine Sylvester.

in Curating and Re-Curating the American Wars in Vietnam and Iraq

June 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations; Political Economy. 10676 words.

This chapter reviews American wars in Vietnam and Iraq from critical social and political history sources and from people who experienced these wars. How America remembers and renders...

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American Grand Strategy and Political Economy Theory

Kevin Narizny.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political Economy; International Relations. 10502 words.

Nearly everything a state does has distributional consequences, including grand strategy. Societal groups with different stakes in the international economy and defense spending often have...

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The American Wars in Vietnam and Iraq at a Memorial, Cemetery, and a Traveling Tribute to Veterans

Christine Sylvester.

in Curating and Re-Curating the American Wars in Vietnam and Iraq

June 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations; Political Economy. 13835 words.

This chapter considers the American wars in Vietnam and Iraq as remembered and curated at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, DC, and its traveling Wall That Heals, plus Section 60...

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The Americas in the Trans-Pacific Partnership

Rubrick Biegon.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online October 2019 .

Article. Subjects: International Relations; Political Economy. 8187 words.

Following the end of the Cold War, the hegemony of the United States in Latin America was intimately related to the globalization of the hemispheric political economy. Free-trade agreements...

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Authoritarian Turnover and Change in Comparative Perspective

Jeremy Wallace.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; International Relations; Political Economy. 9370 words.

Most people in human history have lived under some kind of nondemocratic rule. Political scientists, on the other hand, have focused most efforts on democracies. The borders demarcating...

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Aversions to Masculine Excess in the Private Military and Security Company and Their Effects

Paul Higate.

in Gender and Private Security in Global Politics

March 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations; Political Economy. 6501 words.

Critical scholarship on PMSCs and gender has begun to make a number of claims around how far the industry can be seen as a moment of remasculinization. In moving from abstracted state-level...

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Awkward Partners: NGOs And Social Movements At The WTO

Jens Steffek.

in The Oxford Handbook on The World Trade Organization

May 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; International Relations; Political Economy. 9048 words.

This article analyses the role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and social movements in the World Trade Organization (WTO). After providing a theoretical overview that outlines the...

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The Balance of Power in World Politics

Randall L. Schweller.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online May 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Political Economy; International Relations. 8607 words.

The balance of power—a notoriously slippery, murky, and protean term, endlessly debated and variously defined—is the core theory of international politics within the realist perspective. A...

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The Banking Union in Europe

Lucia Quaglia.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; International Relations; Political Economy. 8400 words.

The banking union is considered to be one of the main steps in economic integration in the European Union. Given the rather recent establishment of this policy, academic research on the...

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The Battle Against Hunger

Devi Sridhar.

September 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Book. Subjects: Political Economy; International Relations; Indian Politics. 256 pages.

We live in an increasingly prosperous world, yet the estimated number of undernourished people has risen, and will continue to rise with the doubling of food prices. A large majority of...

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Beauty and the Quince: A Reproductive Economy View

Angela B. V. McCracken.

in The Beauty Trade

February 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations; Political Economy. 9356 words.

This chapter furthers the argument that beauty economies are global, focusing on the reproductive economy. The key role of the reproductive economy in the quince años is as a conduit for...

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