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Abercromby, James (1706–1781), army officer and politician

Paul David Nelson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics. 714 words.

Abercromby, James (1706–1781), army officer and politician, was born in Glassaugh, Banffshire, the son of Alexander Abercromby (1677–1728), laird of Glassaugh, politician and army officer,...

Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India

Raymond Callahan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1225 words.

Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India, son of George Abercromby (1705–1800) of Tullibody and his wife, Mary, née Dundas (d. 1767), was baptized at his...

Acland, John Dyke (1747–1778), army officer and politician

W. P. Courtney.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics. 641 words.

Acland, John Dyke (1747–1778), army officer and politician, was born on 18 February 1747 and baptized the following day at North Petherton, Somerset, the elder of the two sons of Sir Thomas...

Adair, John

Donna Grear Parker.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1165 words.

Adair, John (09 January 1757–19 May 1840), soldier, politician, and governor of Kentucky, was born in Chester County, South Carolina, the son of Baron William Adair and Mary Moore. Little...

Adams, Charles

Kathryn D. Snavely.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Diplomatic History; International Relations; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1060 words.

Adams, Charles (19 December 1845–19 August 1895), soldier and diplomat, was born Karl Adam Schwanbeck in Anclam, Pomerania, Germany, the son of Karl Heinrich Schwanbeck, a cabinetmaker, and...

Allan, Sir Henry Marshman Havelock-, first baronet (1830–1897), army officer and politician

R. H. Vetch.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics. 1883 words.

Allan, Sir Henry Marshman Havelock-, first baronet (1830–1897), army officer and politician, eldest of eight children (four surviving) of Major-General Sir Henry Havelock (1795–1857) and...

Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America

Michael A. Bellesîles.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Revolutions and Rebellions; US Politics; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1347 words.

Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 10 January 1738 in Litchfield, Connecticut, the eldest of the seven children of Joseph Allen...

Allen, Henry Watkins

Kathryn D. Snavely.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; State and Local Government; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1382 words.

Allen, Henry Watkins (29 April 1820–22 April 1866), Confederate soldier and governor of Louisiana, was born in Prince Edward County, Virginia, the son of Thomas Allen, a physician, and Ann...

Allen, John (d. 1855), Irish nationalist and army officer

Nancy J. Curtin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethnic Politics; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 293 words.

Allen, John (d. 1855), Irish nationalist and army officer, was a native of Dublin, where he was also for some time a partner in a drapery business. His participation in the United Irish...

Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide

David Scott.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics; British History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1117 words.

Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide, was baptized in the parish of All Saints, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorkshire, on 4 April 1607, the eldest son of Henry Alured (c.1581–...

Ames, Adelbert

Brooks D. Simpson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1031 words.

Ames, Adelbert (31 October 1835–13 April 1933), soldier and politician, was born in Rockland, Maine, the son of Jesse Ames, a sea captain, and Martha B. Tolman. After spending some time at...

Anders, Władysław (1892–1970), army officer and politician

Peter D. Stachura.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Politics; European Politics. 1343 words.

Anders, Władysław (1892–1970), army officer and politician, was born on 11 August 1892 in Błonie, in the county of Kutno, in Russian Poland. The eldest of four sons of Catholic parents, he...

Anza, Juan Bautista de

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 890 words.

Anza, Juan Bautista de (07 July 1736–19 December 1788), military commander, explorer, and governor, was born in the presidio of Fronteras, Sonora, Mexico, the son of Juan Bautista de Anza,...

Apsley, Sir Allen (1616–1683), royalist army officer and politician

Paul Seaward.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics. 1605 words.

Apsley, Sir Allen (1616–1683), royalist army officer and politician, was born on 28 August 1616, and baptized at All Hallows Barking, London, on 5 September, the first son of Sir Allen...

Armstrong, John

Robert Grant Crist and Patrick G. Williams.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; US Politics; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1263 words.

Armstrong, John (13 October 1717–09 March 1795), soldier, surveyor, and member of the Continental Congress, was born in County Fermanagh, Ulster, Ireland. The identities of his Scotch-Irish...

Armstrong, John, Jr.

C. Edward Skeen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1208 words.

Armstrong, John, Jr. (25 November 1758–01 April 1843), soldier and politician, was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, the son of John Armstrong and Rebecca Lyon. His father, a surveyor and a...

Arundell, Henry, third Baron Arundell of Wardour (bap. 1608, d. 1694), royalist army officer and politician

Peter Sherlock.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics. 1703 words.

Arundell, Henry, third Baron Arundell of Wardour (bap. 1608, d. 1694), royalist army officer and politician, was baptized on 23 February 1608 at St Andrew's, Holborn, London. He was the...

Ashburnham, William (1604/5–1679), army officer and politician

Colin Brooks.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics. 993 words.

Ashburnham, William (1604/5–1679), army officer and politician, was the second son of Sir John Ashburnham (1570/71–1620) of Asburnham, Sussex, and Elizabeth (1577–1651), daughter of Sir...

Ashe, John

Joshua L. McKaughan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1219 words.

Ashe, John (1720?–24 October 1781), colonial politician and military officer, was born in the Albemarle Sound region of North Carolina, the son of John Baptista Ashe, an assemblyman, and...

Ashe, John Baptista

Tim Vanderburg.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1331 words.

Ashe, John Baptista (1748–27 November 1802), member of the Continental Congress and U.S. Congress, soldier, and state politician, was born in Rocky Point, New Hanover County, North...