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Acland [née Cunningham], Alice Sophia, Lady Acland (1849–1935), co-operative movement activist and advocate of women's advancement

Martin Purvis.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 929 words.

Acland [née Cunningham], Alice Sophia, Lady Acland (1849–1935), co-operative movement activist and advocate of women's advancement, was born on 3 February 1849 at Heath Lodge, Petersfield,...

Addams, Jane

Victoria Bissell Brown.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 2735 words.

Addams, Jane (06 September 1860–21 May 1935), social reformer and peace activist, was the daughter of John Huy Addams, a businessman and Republican politician, and Sarah Weber. Born on the...

Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians

Doreen Berger.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Social and Cultural History; Welfare and Poverty; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 839 words.

Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians, was born on 12 December 1800 in St Katherine in the City of London. He was the eldest surviving son of Solomon...

Bailey, Hannah Clark Johnston

Barbara L. Ciccarelli.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Politics and Law; Politics; Gender and Politics. 969 words.

Bailey, Hannah Clark Johnston (05 July 1839–23 October 1923), philanthropist, reformer, and peace advocate, was born in Cornwall-on-the-Hudson, New York, the daughter of David Johnston, a...

Ballou, Adin

Len Gougeon.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations; World History; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Politics and Law; Ethnic Politics. 1229 words.

Ballou, Adin (23 April 1803–05 August 1890), Universalist clergyman, reformer, and founder of Hopedale Community, was born in Cumberland, Rhode Island, the son of Ariel Ballou and Edilda...

Bentwich, Norman de Mattos (1883–1971), colonial official and exponent of Jewish ideals

Walter Zander.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 1157 words.

Bentwich, Norman de Mattos (1883–1971), colonial official and exponent of Jewish ideals, was born in London on 28 February 1883, the elder son and second of eleven children of Herbert...

Bok, Edward William

Olive Hoogenboom.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Journalism; Politics and Law. 1749 words.

Bok, Edward William (09 October 1863–09 January 1930), editor, philanthropist, and peace advocate, was born in den Helder, Holland, the son of William John Hidde Bok and Sieke Gertrude van...

Brockway, (Archibald) Fenner, Baron Brockway (1888–1988), politician and campaigner

David Howell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; UK Politics; Politics and Law. 1076 words.

Brockway, (Archibald) Fenner, Baron Brockway (1888–1988), politician and campaigner, was born on 1 November 1888 in Calcutta, the only son and eldest of three children of the Revd William...

Brooke, Abraham

Thomas D. Hamm.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Social and Cultural History; Politics and Law; Ethnic Politics. 1106 words.

Brooke, Abraham (1806–08 March 1867), physician and radical reformer, was born at Sandy Spring, Maryland, the son of Samuel Brooke and Sarah Garrigues, farmers. The Brooke family had been...

Bunche, Ralph Johnson

Thomas Clarkin.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Diplomatic History; International Relations; Politics and Law. 1192 words.

Bunche, Ralph Johnson (07 August 1904–09 December 1971), scholar and diplomat, was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Fred Bunch, a barber, and Olive Agnes Johnson. His grandmother added...

Burritt, Elihu

Peter Tolis.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Politics and Law. 1296 words.

Burritt, Elihu (08 December 1810–06 March 1879), reformer, was born in New Britain, Connecticut, the son of Elihu Burritt, a farmer and cobbler, and Elizabeth Hinsdale. Burritt’s mother...

Carter, Henry (1874–1951), temperance campaigner and pacifist

David M. Fahey.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Politics and Law. 1053 words.

Carter, Henry (1874–1951), temperance campaigner and pacifist, was born on 3 November 1874 at 17 Cornwall Street, Plymouth, the son of George Henry Richards Carter, a basket-maker, and his...

DeBenedetti, Charles Louis

Charles F. Howlett.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online December 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; Politics and Law. 1588 words.

DeBenedetti, Charles Louis (27 January 1943–27 January 1987), historian, was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Louis Albert DeBenedetti, a bread delivery truck driver, and Clementine...

Deming, Barbara

Judith McDaniel.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Politics and Law. 1318 words.

Deming, Barbara (23 July 1917–02 August 1984), writer and activist, was born in New York City, the daughter of Katherine Burritt, who gave up her career as a singer to marry, and Harold...

Dennett, Mary Coffin Ware

Robyn L. Rosen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Politics and Law; Education. 1378 words.

Dennett, Mary Coffin Ware (04 April 1872–25 July 1947), birth control and sex education reformer and pacifist, was born in Worcester, Massachusetts, the daughter of George Whitefield, a...

Dudley, Helena Stuart

Kathleen Banks Nutter.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Politics and Law; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1052 words.

Dudley, Helena Stuart (31 August 1858–29 September 1932), settlement house worker and peace activist, was born in Florence, Nebraska, the daughter of Judson H. Dudley, a land developer, and...

Dymond, Jonathan (1796–1828), Quaker moralist and peace advocate

Leslie Stephen.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Politics and Law. 495 words.

Dymond, Jonathan (1796–1828), Quaker moralist and peace advocate, was born on 19 December 1796 at Bridge House, Bridge Street, Exeter, the fifth child of the five sons and two daughters of...

Ekarte, George Daniel [known as Daniels Ekarte] (1896/7–1964), minister and community worker

Marika Sherwood.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Religion and Education. 847 words.

Ekarte, George Daniel [known as Daniels Ekarte] (1896/7–1964), minister and community worker, was born in west Africa, possibly in the Calabar region of Nigeria. His early years were spent...

Fraser [née Jupp], Rhoda Mary Napier [pseud. Crae Ritchie] (1918–1970), communist and peace campaigner

Audrey Canning.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Politics; Revolutions and Rebellions. 869 words.

Fraser [née Jupp], Rhoda Mary Napier [pseud. Crae Ritchie] (1918–1970), communist and peace campaigner, was born on 23 February 1918 in Edinburgh, the second of three children of George...

Galamison, Milton Arthur

Clarence Taylor.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online August 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1580 words.

Galamison, Milton Arthur (25 Mar. 1923–9 Mar. 1988), Presbyterian minister, civil rights leader, and community activist, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Gladstone Galamison, a...