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Canada’s LGBT Movement

David Rayside.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online May 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Behaviour; Politics and Law. 12121 words.

The Canadian LGBT movement has had enormous success in gaining political and legal recognition for sexual minorities—as much as any of its sister movements in other countries. This is...

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Counterterrorism and International Law

Andrea Bianchi.

in The Oxford Handbook of Terrorism

March 2019; p ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Political Behaviour; Politics and Law. 8755 words.

This chapter is an attempt at assessing the overall response provided by the international community, and the main normative strategies pursued by international law in countering...

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Courts in Latin American Politics

Ezequiel Gonzalez-Ocantos.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Behaviour; Politics and Law. 10317 words.

In the aftermath of the third wave of democratization, Latin American courts left behind decades of subservience, conservatism, and irrelevance to become central political players. They now...

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Electoral Systems and Voter Turnout

Daniel M. Smith.

in The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems

April 2018; p ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Politics and Law; Political Behaviour. 8396 words.

What is the relationship between electoral rules and voter turnout? To answer this question, this chapter begins with the more general question of why voters turn out on Election Day at...

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The Evolution of Same-Sex Marriage Policy in the United States

Sarah Poggione.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online August 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Politics and Law; Political Behaviour. 9335 words.

On June 26, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court determined that same-sex couples have the right to marry, and newspapers across the country declared that gay couples could now exercise this right...

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Expectancy Theory and the Election of Judges: Do Judicial Campaigns Really Stink?

Michael J. Nelson and James L. Gibson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online January 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political Behaviour; Politics and Law. 8785 words.

Even though most judges in the United States stand for election in the context of strong normative objections to the practice of electing judges, political scientists have produced a...

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Global Actors: Networks, Elites, and Institutions

Mikael Rask Madsen and Mikkel Jarle Christensen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online October 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions; Political Behaviour; Politics and Law; International Relations. 10177 words.

Over the past several decades scholars have intensively debated what factors drive globalization. Answers have ranged from the emergence of the information society and the global economy to...

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Ideology and Partisanship

Jeffrey A. Segal.

in The Oxford Handbook of U.S. Judicial Behavior

June 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Politics and Law; Political Behaviour. 7686 words.

The question of whether partisan or ideological preferences influence judicial decision-making has been the subject of numerous studies. Due to the strong correlation between party and...

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LGBT and Queer Politics in the Commonwealth

Matthew Waites.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online October 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Behaviour; Politics and Law; International Relations. 8000 words.

The Commonwealth is the international governmental organization of states that emerged from the British empire, and since 2000 it has emerged as a focus for contestation relating to the...

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Marriage Equality Policy Diffusion

Helma G. E. de Vries-Jordan.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Public Administration; Political Behaviour; Politics and Law. 16231 words.

Marriage equality movements have been successful in achieving policy change in an increasing number of states. Hence, a growing body of scholarship has explored institutional and cultural...

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Political Contempt and Religion

Nathan C. Walker.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online August 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Behaviour; Politics and Law. 16633 words.

A society’s political and legal treatment of religion is a distinct indicator of the health of a democracy. Consequently, high levels of political and legal contempt for religion in the...

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Populism and Constitutionalism

Jan-Werner Mueller.

in The Oxford Handbook of Populism

October 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political Behaviour; Politics and Law. 8288 words.

Many scholars hold that populism and constitutionalism cannot go together: populists, it is claimed, are against institutions in general, and against checks and balances as provided for in...

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