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Bioethics

Larry W. Foster.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Practical Ethics; Mental and Behavioural Health; Social Policy and Advocacy; Sociology of Religion. 6784 words.

Bioethics and biomedical ethics are defined. Common bioethical concepts, exemplary moral values, fundamental ethical principles, general ethical theories, and approaches to moral reasoning...

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Chemical Sciences and Natural Theology

David Knight.

in The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology

January 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion. 7445 words.

This chapter discusses chemistry's connection to natural theology, tracing the history of chemistry from its origins in alchemy to developments in the twentieth century. Alchemists sought...

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Constructionism and Its Critics

John Kloos.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Emotion

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology of Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 7827 words.

Since the 1970s, social scientists increasingly have cast human emotions in the arenas of culturally or linguistically constructed expression. A wide spectrum of theoretical terminology has...

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Contributions from Queer Theory

Patrick S. Cheng.

in The Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender

November 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion; Religious Issues and Debates. 7923 words.

This chapter provides an overview of what Christian theologians need to know about queer theory, which is a critical approach to sexuality and gender that challenges the ‘naturalness’ of...

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Desire and Love

Ola Sigurdson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender

November 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion. 8335 words.

Desire and love have always been important themes in Christianity, but there is no self-evident meaning for either of these concepts. This chapter examines some important contributions in...

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Emile Durkheim

W. S. F. Pickering.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Emotion

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology of Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 8465 words.

Emile Durkheim founded his sociology enterprise on the equation that in order to understand social phenomena, the social must be explained in terms of the social. This becomes practically...

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Friedrich Schleiermacher and Rudolf Otto

Jacqueline Mariña.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Emotion

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology of Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 8367 words.

Two names often grouped together in the study of religion are Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768–1884) and Rudolf Otto (1869–1937). Central to their understanding of religion is the idea that...

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Jewish Bioethics

Aaron L. Mackler.

in The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Ethics and Morality

December 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies; Sociology of Religion; Philosophy of Religion. 2482 words.

This chapter discusses the distribution of health care, an issue that has become particularly urgent and controversial in recent years because the median age of populations in most...

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Kierkegaard

David Kangas.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Emotion

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology of Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 11650 words.

This essay explores the intersection of religion and emotion in the thought of Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855). Emotions—or, more generally, affectivity—play a central role in Kierkegaard's...

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Meditation, Mindfulness, and Social Work

Sadye L. M. Logan.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Practical Ethics; Sociology of Religion. 8603 words.

Research has shown that social workers and other helping professionals can make use of the contemplative practices from religion and spiritual disciplines. These practices can be utilized...

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Natural Theology and Ecology

Christopher Southgate.

in The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology

January 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religion and Science; Sociology of Religion. 8179 words.

This chapter discusses the type of natural theology appropriate to the reading of ecosystems, and gives a number of examples of such an approach. It begins by discussing the impact of...

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Non-Religion

Lois Lee.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Study of Religion

November 2016; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion. 4692 words.

Beginning with a focus on ‘secularism’ in the mid-1990s and extending to the study of ‘secularity,’ ‘atheism,’ and ‘irreligious’ and ‘non-religious’ cultures from the mid-2000s onwards, the...

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A Sociological Perspective on Natural Theology

Richard K. Fenn.

in The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology

January 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion. 8848 words.

This chapter provides a sociological perspective on natural theology. It argues that understanding natural theology means grasping what Freud referred to as a ‘pre-animist’ form of...

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The Theological Study of Gender

Tina Beattie.

in The Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender

November 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion. 9873 words.

This chapter traces the academic development of postmodern theology and gender studies, from the feminist theologies of the 1960s–1980s through the ‘linguistic turn’ to the emergence of the...

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The Theological Study of Sexuality

Elizabeth Stuart.

in The Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender

November 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion. 7147 words.

This article explores the key methodological approaches evident in theologies of sexuality since theological reflection upon sexuality emerged as a distinctive discipline in the latter part...

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Theology and Practice in Evangelical Churches

Andrew Goddard.

in The Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender

November 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion; Christianity. 8248 words.

This chapter examines the continuities, development, and diversity found among evangelical Christians as they explore different patterns of evangelical response to new and challenging...

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Time, Eternity, and Eschatology

William Lane Craig.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion; Religious Studies. 8239 words.

Time is that dimension of reality whose constituent elements are ordered by relations of “earlier than,” “simultaneous with,” and “later than”, and are experienced by us as past, present,...

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Time, Eternity, and Eschatology

William Lane Craig.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Sociology of Religion; Religious Studies. 8239 words.

Time is that dimension of reality whose constituent elements are ordered by relations of “earlier than,” “simultaneous with,” and “later than”, and are experienced by us as past, present,...

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Voluntarism

Dennis L. Poole.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Practical Ethics; Sociology of Religion. 4763 words.

Voluntarism can be interpreted at the levels of values, structure, and ideology. In Western society, voluntarism rests heavily on secular and religious values originating in both...

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William James

Jeremy Carrette.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Emotion

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Sociology of Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 8379 words.

William James's 1884 theory of emotion is perhaps the most well known of all his psychological ideas, particularly as it forms a key historical landmark in the history of the concept. His...

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