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Social Sciences x Political Sociology x Comparative and Historical Sociology x clear all

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Adherents and constituents

Nicholas Owen.

in Other People's Struggles

September 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 7362 words.

Chapter 2 develops a new definition, based on motivations rather than expected outcomes, renaming the conscience constituent as the adherent. An adherent puts resources into the movement in...

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Becoming- work

Nicholas Owen.

in Other People's Struggles

September 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 7327 words.

Chapter 11 describes a new approach to adherence. Earlier chapters have examined the various forms of work that social movements do and asked whether and when such work can be pursued...

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Causes and combinations in the long nineteenth century

Nicholas Owen.

in Other People's Struggles

September 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 7764 words.

Chapter 4 develops, through a historical illustration, the arguments concerning motivation presented in chapter 3. It makes a distinction between causes—movements made up of adherents...

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Change or Continuity in Cultures?

Robert M. Fishman.

in Democratic Practice

June 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 8588 words.

This chapter poses the large theoretical question of what generates cultural change or continuity, and provides examples of both patterns in the cases examined in the book. The large-scale...

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Conclusions

Robert M. Fishman.

in Democratic Practice

June 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 6568 words.

This concluding chapter addresses the overall contribution of the book to our understanding of democracy in the contemporary world. The discussion reviews key arguments in the book and...

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Conclusions and future work

Nicholas Owen.

in Other People's Struggles

September 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 6730 words.

The final chapter—chapter 12—reviews the main findings of the book and its implications. It also makes some proposals for future scholarly work on adherence. The chapter addresses the three...

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Conjointness restored?

Nicholas Owen.

in Other People's Struggles

September 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 6136 words.

Chapter 10 defines and assesses five new approaches to adherence which respond to the late-modern obligation of “having to be what one cannot be.” They are drawn from contemporary social...

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The conscience constituent reconsidered

Nicholas Owen.

in Other People's Struggles

September 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 7756 words.

Chapter 1 provides a critical account of the conscience constituent in social movement theory. It identifies the points at which conscience constituents are deployed in social movement...

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Democratic Practice

Robert M. Fishman.

June 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Book. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 288 pages.

This book offers a new way to conceptualize and study differences among democracies, focusing on political conduct and interaction as well as related taken-for-granted assumptions. With an...

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Democratic Practice in Action

Robert M. Fishman.

in Democratic Practice

June 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 12693 words.

This chapter provides multiple types of evidence on the large difference between Portugal and Spain in the treatment provided to political “outsiders” and in the degree to which they are...

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Does National Conflict within Spain Undermine or Reinforce the Argument?

Robert M. Fishman.

in Democratic Practice

June 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 17215 words.

This chapter examines conflict over the status of Catalonia in response to the demand for independence. The chapter asks whether the Catalan crisis serves as evidence in favor of, or...

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How Democratic Practice Matters

Robert M. Fishman.

in Democratic Practice

June 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 12372 words.

This chapter examines a large range of consequences of what the book conceptualizes as “the Iberian divide in political inclusion,” that is, the major contrast between Portugal and Spain in...

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How Democratic Practice Varies by Country

Robert M. Fishman.

in Democratic Practice

June 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 10966 words.

This chapter introduces the theme of variation among democracies and the book’s new approach to this question. The major outlines of the book’s argument and of its placement in existing...

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How the Cultural Frameworks Underpinning Democratic Practice Shaped the Politics of Crisis

Robert M. Fishman.

in Democratic Practice

June 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 7731 words.

This chapter examines major differences between Portugal and Spain in the politics of crisis during and after the Great Recession and argues that the overall pattern of contrast is largely...

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Messages of Transition

Robert M. Fishman.

in Democratic Practice

June 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 18452 words.

This chapter specifies major differences between the Portuguese and Spanish transitions to democracy in the 1970s and their implications in the cultural sphere. Whereas Portugal experienced...

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Motivations of the adherent

Nicholas Owen.

in Other People's Struggles

September 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 6940 words.

Chapter 3 explores the three principal motivations that have been proposed to explain altruistic behavior—rational self-interest, moral obligations, and social norms—and asks to what extent...

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On having to be what we cannot be

Nicholas Owen.

in Other People's Struggles

September 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 7044 words.

Chapter 9 sums up the findings of the historical case studies by looking at the long-run changes and making a conjecture about the trajectory they indicate from the beginnings of modern...

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Other People's Struggles

Nicholas Owen.

September 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Book. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 280 pages.

Other People’s Struggles is the first attempt in over forty years to explain the place of “conscience constituents” in social movements. Conscience constituents are people who...

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Problems of accountability in outward work

Nicholas Owen.

in Other People's Struggles

September 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 7031 words.

Chapter 5 considers the dilemmas that arise in the outward orientation, when movements seek to define and pursue interests. The key difference is between constituents who define and pursue...

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Problems of agency in empowerment work

Nicholas Owen.

in Other People's Struggles

September 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology; Social Movements and Social Change; Political Sociology. 7211 words.

Chapter 7 examines dilemmas of agency in the empowerment orientation, in which participants develop their capabilities as activists. Empowerment is ultimately non-transferable and...

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