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Abendana, Jacob (c. 1630–1685), leader of the Sephardi Jewish community in London

David S. Katz.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 393 words.

Abendana, Jacob (c. 1630–1685), leader of the Sephardi Jewish community in London, was born in Spain and was taken with his brother Isaac Abendana to Hamburg, Germany, as a child. Jacob...

Abramsky, Yehezkel (1886–1976), rabbinic scholar and Orthodox Jewish leader

Raphael Loewe.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics; Education. 914 words.

Abramsky, Yehezkel (1886–1976), rabbinic scholar and Orthodox Jewish leader, was born on or about 7 February 1886 in Dashkovtsy, near Most and Grodno, Lithuania, the third child and eldest...

Acland [née Cunningham], Alice Sophia, Lady Acland (1849–1935), co-operative movement activist and advocate of women's advancement

Martin Purvis.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 929 words.

Acland [née Cunningham], Alice Sophia, Lady Acland (1849–1935), co-operative movement activist and advocate of women's advancement, was born on 3 February 1849 at Heath Lodge, Petersfield,...

Addams, Jane

Victoria Bissell Brown.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 2735 words.

Addams, Jane (06 September 1860–21 May 1935), social reformer and peace activist, was the daughter of John Huy Addams, a businessman and Republican politician, and Sarah Weber. Born on the...

Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist

Geoffrey Alderman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Politics; Social Work; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 964 words.

Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist, was born in London on 1 December 1868, the elder daughter of Rabbi Dr Hermann Adler (1839–1911) and his...

Ahmad Khan, Sir Saiyid [Syed Ahmed Khan] (1817–1898), Muslim leader in India

Francis Robinson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Islam. 1722 words.

Ahmad Khan, Sir Saiyid [Syed Ahmed Khan] (1817–1898), Muslim leader in India, was born on 17 October 1817 in Khwaja Farid's haveli (mansion) near the Tiraha Bahram Khan in Delhi, the...

Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians

Doreen Berger.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Social and Cultural History; Welfare and Poverty; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 839 words.

Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians, was born on 12 December 1800 in St Katherine in the City of London. He was the eldest surviving son of Solomon...

Alexander, David Lindo (1842–1922), lawyer and Jewish community leader

Sharman Kadish.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1188 words.

Alexander, David Lindo (1842–1922), lawyer and Jewish community leader, was born at 6 South Street, London, on 5 October 1842, second son in the large family of solicitor Joshua Alexander...

Ameer Ali, Saiyid (1849–1928), judge and Muslim leader in India

S. V. FitzGerald.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Islam; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 2464 words.

Ameer Ali, Saiyid (1849–1928), judge and Muslim leader in India, was born on 6 April 1849 at Chinsura, Bengal, the fourth son of Saiyid Saadat Ali Khan (who died of cholera in 1856) of...

Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker

Kenneth E. Collins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Medicine and Health; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 1068 words.

Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker, was born on 16 February 1837 in Glasgow, the first son of Philip Asher, son of Rabbi Zev Wolf of Lublin, and his wife, Hannah, a...

Bailey, Hannah Clark Johnston

Barbara L. Ciccarelli.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Politics and Law; Politics; Gender and Politics. 969 words.

Bailey, Hannah Clark Johnston (05 July 1839–23 October 1923), philanthropist, reformer, and peace advocate, was born in Cornwall-on-the-Hudson, New York, the daughter of David Johnston, a...

Ballou, Adin

Len Gougeon.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations; World History; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Politics and Law; Ethnic Politics. 1229 words.

Ballou, Adin (23 April 1803–05 August 1890), Universalist clergyman, reformer, and founder of Hopedale Community, was born in Cumberland, Rhode Island, the son of Ariel Ballou and Edilda...

Bartholdt, Richard

Ernest C. Bolt.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Journalism; Politics and Law. 1030 words.

Bartholdt, Richard (02 November 1855–19 March 1932), congressman and newspaper editor, was born in Schleiz, Thuringia, Germany, the son of Gottlob Bartholdt, a liberal forty-eighter (i.e.,...

Baxter, James Keir (1926–1972), poet and publicist

W. H. Oliver.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets); Politics and Law; Journalism. 1237 words.

Baxter, James Keir (1926–1972), poet and publicist, was born on 29 June 1926 at 97 Elm Row, Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand, the son of Archibald McColl Learmond Baxter (1881–1970), a small...

Bentwich, Herbert (1856–1932), lawyer and Zionist leader

Hilary L. Rubinstein.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1870 words.

Bentwich, Herbert (1856–1932), lawyer and Zionist leader, was born on 11 May 1856 at 57 Church Lane, Whitechapel, London, the youngest of three children (he had a brother and a sister) of...

Bentwich, Norman de Mattos (1883–1971), colonial official and exponent of Jewish ideals

Walter Zander.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 1157 words.

Bentwich, Norman de Mattos (1883–1971), colonial official and exponent of Jewish ideals, was born in London on 28 February 1883, the elder son and second of eleven children of Herbert...

Bok, Edward William

Olive Hoogenboom.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Journalism; Politics and Law. 1749 words.

Bok, Edward William (09 October 1863–09 January 1930), editor, philanthropist, and peace advocate, was born in den Helder, Holland, the son of William John Hidde Bok and Sieke Gertrude van...

Brockway, (Archibald) Fenner, Baron Brockway (1888–1988), politician and campaigner

David Howell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; UK Politics; Politics and Law. 1076 words.

Brockway, (Archibald) Fenner, Baron Brockway (1888–1988), politician and campaigner, was born on 1 November 1888 in Calcutta, the only son and eldest of three children of the Revd William...

Brodetsky, Selig (1888–1954), mathematician and Zionist leader

Leon Mestel.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Politics and Law; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 959 words.

Brodetsky, Selig (1888–1954), mathematician and Zionist leader, was born on 5 July 1888 at Olviopol, a small town in Ukraine 100 miles north of Odessa, the second son among the thirteen...

Brooke, Abraham

Thomas D. Hamm.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Social and Cultural History; Politics and Law; Ethnic Politics. 1106 words.

Brooke, Abraham (1806–08 March 1867), physician and radical reformer, was born at Sandy Spring, Maryland, the son of Samuel Brooke and Sarah Garrigues, farmers. The Brooke family had been...