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Anza, Juan Bautista de

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 890 words.

Anza, Juan Bautista de (07 July 1736–19 December 1788), military commander, explorer, and governor, was born in the presidio of Fronteras, Sonora, Mexico, the son of Juan Bautista de Anza,...

Argall, Sir Samuel

J. Frederick Fausz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1153 words.

Argall, Sir Samuel (1580–24 January 1626), English explorer and colonial leader in early Virginia, was baptized at East Sutton, Kent, England, on 4 December 1580, the son of Richard Argall,...

Bridger, James

Robert L. Gale.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Native American History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History. 1076 words.

Bridger, James (17 March 1804–17 July 1881), fur trapper and trader, explorer, and scout, was born in a tavern near Richmond, Virginia, the son of James Bridger, a surveyor and innkeeper,...

Brisbane, Sir Thomas Makdougall, baronet (1773–1860), colonial governor and astronomer

John Sweetman and Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 2538 words.

Brisbane, Sir Thomas Makdougall, baronet (1773–1860), colonial governor and astronomer, was born at Brisbane House, Largs, Ayrshire, on 23 July 1773, the eldest son of Thomas Brisbane...

Burnes, Sir Alexander (1805–1841), political officer in India and explorer

Katherine Prior.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Indian History; Politics; Middle Eastern History. 1016 words.

Burnes, Sir Alexander (1805–1841), political officer in India and explorer, fourth of the five sons of James Burnes (1780–1852), provost of Montrose, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of...

Butler [Boteler], Nathaniel (b. 1577, d. in or after 1643), colonial governor and maritime author

Andrew Thrush.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Travel and Holiday; Literary Studies (Travel Literature); US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1264 words.

Butler [Boteler], Nathaniel (b. 1577, d. in or after 1643), colonial governor and maritime author, was the elder son of the second marriage of John Butler (d. 1614) of the Toft, in...

Byrd, William

Paul David Nelson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 1347 words.

Byrd, William (1652–04 December 1704), Virginia colonial officer and planter, was born in London, England, the son of John Bird, a goldsmith, and Grace Stegge. Because his father was a...

Cabell, William

Richard P. Gildrie.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 936 words.

Cabell, William (13 March 1730–23 March 1798), revolutionary political figure, antifederalist, and tobacco planter, was born in the James River valley, north of Richmond, Virginia, the son...

Carroll of Carrollton, Charles

Ronald Hoffman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming; Banking; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 2110 words.

Carroll of Carrollton, Charles (19 September 1737–14 November 1832), planter, businessman, investor, and the only Roman Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence, as well as the...

Carter, Robert

Emory G. Evans.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 1089 words.

Carter, Robert (1663–04 August 1732), merchant-planter and public official, was born in Lancaster County, Virginia, the son of John Carter, a wealthy merchant-planter and attorney, and...

Civilian Nuclear Power

Daniel Pope.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online June 2019 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Political History; Economic History; History of Science and Technology; Environmental History. 10023 words.

Nuclear power in the United States has had an uneven history and faces an uncertain future. Promising in the 1950s electricity “too cheap to meter,” nuclear power has failed to come close...

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Clark, William

Jerome O. Steffen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Native American History; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; State and Local Government. 1656 words.

Clark, William (01 August 1770–01 September 1838), explorer, Indian agent, and governor of Missouri Territory, was born in Caroline County, Virginia, the son of John Clark III, a planter,...

Codrington, Christopher (1639/40–1698), planter and colonial official

Andrew J. O'Shaughnessy.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 751 words.

Codrington, Christopher (1639/40–1698), planter and colonial official, was born in Barbados, the son of Christopher Codrington (d. 1656), a planter and land speculator in Barbados, and...

Colden, Cadwallader

Mary Lou Lustig.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; Medicine and Health; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1917 words.

Colden, Cadwallader (07 February 1689–20 September 1776), physician, natural scientist, and lieutenant governor of New York, was born of Scottish parents in Ireland, where his mother (name...

Colden, Cadwallader, II

Steven C. Bullock.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1133 words.

Colden, Cadwallader, II (26 May 1722–18 February 1797), farmer, public official, and Loyalist, was born in New York City, the son of Cadwallader Colden, a physician, scientist, and colonial...

Colquhoun, Archibald Ross (1848–1914), explorer, colonial administrator, and author

Donal Lowry.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; History of the Americas; Asian History; African History. 1237 words.

Colquhoun, Archibald Ross (1848–1914), explorer, colonial administrator, and author, was born at sea off the Cape of Good Hope in March 1848, the fifth of six children of Dr Archibald...

Columbine, Edward Henry (1763–1811), hydrographer and colonial governor

Christopher Terrell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Oceanography and Hydrology; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 966 words.

Columbine, Edward Henry (1763–1811), hydrographer and colonial governor, was born in Westminster on 2 July 1763, the son of Lieutenant Edward Columbine RN. He had a sister, Sarah, who...

Coronado, Francisco Vázquez de

Joseph P. Sánchez.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1328 words.

Coronado, Francisco Vázquez de (1510–22 September 1554), explorer and governor, was born in Salamanca, Spain, the son of the nobleman Juan Vázquez de Coronado and doña Isabel de Lujan....

Dawes, William (1762–1836), astronomer and colonial administrator

Derek Howse.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 827 words.

Dawes, William (1762–1836), astronomer and colonial administrator, probably born at Portsmouth, was the eldest son of Benjamin Dawes, clerk of works in the Office of Ordnance in Portsmouth....

Des Barres, Joseph Frederick Wallet (1721–1824), hydrographer and colonial official

Roger T. Stearn.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Oceanography and Hydrology. 827 words.

Des Barres, Joseph Frederick Wallet (1721–1824), hydrographer and colonial official, was born in November 1721, either in Basel, Switzerland, or in Paris, the eldest child of Joseph-Léonard...