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Social Sciences x Practical Ethics x Sociology x clear all

Abortion

D. Lynn Jackson.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Practical Ethics; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Social Justice and Human Rights. 2031 words.

Until the 19th century, abortion law was nonexistent and abortion was not seen as a moral issue. However, by the turn of the 20th century, abortion was legally defined and controlled in...

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Bioethics

Larry W. Foster.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Practical Ethics; Mental and Behavioural Health; Social Policy and Advocacy; Sociology of Religion. 6784 words.

Bioethics and biomedical ethics are defined. Common bioethical concepts, exemplary moral values, fundamental ethical principles, general ethical theories, and approaches to moral reasoning...

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Confidentiality and Privileged Communication

Carolyn I. Polowy, Sherri Morgan, W. Dwight Bailey and Carol Gorenberg.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Addictions and Substance Misuse; Criminal Justice; Practical Ethics; Mental and Behavioural Health; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 3999 words.

Confidentiality of client communications is one of the ethical foundations of the social work profession and has become a legal obligation in most states. Many problems arise in the...

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Culturally Competent Practice

Doman Lum.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Practical Ethics; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 5693 words.

This article defines cultural competence and culturally competent practice and focuses on cultural awareness, knowledge acquisition, and skill development as key components. It traces the...

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Disability: Psychiatric Disabilities

W. Patrick Sullivan.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Developmental and Physical Disabilities Social Work; Practical Ethics; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Mental and Behavioural Health; Social Work Research and Evidence-based Practice. 4483 words.

The psychosocial catastrophe that accompanies serious mental illness negatively impacts individual performance and success in all key life domains. A person-in-environment perspective, and...

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Ecological Social Work

Uschi Bay.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Practical Ethics; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; International and Global Issues in Social Work; Social Policy and Advocacy; Race and Ethnicity. 7255 words.

Ecological social work requires a shift in thinking for social workers because it does not place humans at the center of its concerns. Rather ecological social work puts the...

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Evidence-Informed Social Work Practice

S. J. Dodd and Andrea Savage.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online May 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Practical Ethics; Social Work Research and Evidence-based Practice; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 9088 words.

Evidence-informed practice (EIP) is a model that incorporates best available research evidence; client’s needs, values, and preferences; practitioner wisdom; and theory into the clinical...

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Historiography

Leslie Leighninger.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Practical Ethics; Social Justice and Human Rights; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 2701 words.

This entry discusses some topics in social work and social welfare history. It covers different approaches to that history, such as an emphasis on social control functions of social...

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Impaired Social Workers/Professionals

Frederic G. Reamer.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Addictions and Substance Misuse; Practical Ethics; Mental and Behavioural Health; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 7857 words.

The possibility of practitioner impairment exists in every profession. Stress related to employment, illness or death of family members, marital or relationship problems, financial...

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International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW)

Nigel Hall.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Practical Ethics; International and Global Issues in Social Work; Social Policy and Advocacy; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 1929 words.

The International Federation of Social Workers is an international organization representing the interests of social workers around the world. This organization works in cooperation with...

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Meditation, Mindfulness, and Social Work

Sadye L. M. Logan.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Practical Ethics; Sociology of Religion. 8603 words.

Research has shown that social workers and other helping professionals can make use of the contemplative practices from religion and spiritual disciplines. These practices can be utilized...

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National Association of Social Workers

Elizabeth J. Clark.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Practical Ethics; Social Policy and Advocacy; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 1987 words.

The National Association of Social Workers (NASW) is the largest membership association of professional social workers in the world with nearly 145,000 members. Formed in 1955 by uniting...

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Professional Conduct

Ann A. Abbott.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Practical Ethics; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 5215 words.

The professional review process delineates procedures for hearing complaints of alleged professional misconduct by members of the National Association of Social Workers (NASW). It provides...

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Professional Impairment

Wilma Peebles-Wilkins.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Addictions and Substance Misuse; Practical Ethics; Mental and Behavioural Health; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 1480 words.

Practitioners who were presumed to be competent may develop difficulties that interfere with job performance. Such professionals are considered impaired and may suffer from compassion...

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Prostitution

Adele Weiner.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Practical Ethics; Gender and Sexuality. 1676 words.

Social workers often come in contact with women, men, and adolescents who use prostitution as a means of survival. Individuals may earn their entire income in this manner. They may use it...

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Quality of Care

Enola Proctor and J. Curtis McMillen.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Practical Ethics; Health, Illness, and Medicine; Mental and Behavioural Health; Social Work Research and Evidence-based Practice. 2194 words.

Assessing and improving the quality of social services is one of the most pressing concerns for social work practice and research. Practice in nearly every setting is affected by...

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Racism

Selena T. Rodgers.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online August 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Practical Ethics; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 13918 words.

Racism is pervasive, endemic, and historically rooted in systematic assumptions inherent in superiority based on race and requires the critical attention of all social workers. The National...

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Sexual Orientation

William J. Hall.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Practical Ethics; Gender and Sexuality; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Social Work Practice Settings; Social Justice and Human Rights. 8674 words.

Sexual orientation is a multidimensional phenomenon involving a person’s sexual attraction, sexual behavior, and sexual orientation identity. Sexual orientation patterns may remain...

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Social Media

Maria Rodriguez and Jama Shelton.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Practical Ethics; Social Work Macro Practice; Social Policy and Advocacy; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 6669 words.

Social media are defined as applications and websites that allow users to share content, usually of their own making. Social media users include individuals and organizations across a broad...

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Social Work and Coercion

Tomi Gomory and Daniel Dunleavy.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online May 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Practical Ethics; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Mental and Behavioural Health; Social Work Research and Evidence-based Practice; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 12703 words.

Social work is perhaps most distinctive for its clear and outspoken commitment toward improving the well-being of society’s vulnerable and disadvantaged groups, while still emphasizing the...

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