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Comparative Politics x Political Institutions x clear all

About Institutions, Mainly, but not Exclusively, Political

Jean Blondel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Political Institutions; Comparative Politics. 6353 words.

This article discusses the concept of institution by examining the components of an institution and the way in which institutionalization can increase or decrease. It considers the place to...

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Advertising and Election Campaigns in the United States

Michael Hagen.

in Political Science

P ublished online November 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Methodology; Political Theory. 10250 words.

Americans invest a great deal in choosing political leaders. In each election cycle, campaigns for elective office in the United States combine to raise and spend billions of dollars, and...

The African Union: Successes and Failures

Thomas Kwasi Tieku.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; International Relations. 11723 words.

The African Union (AU), an international organization comprising all 54 independent states in Africa and Western Sahara, was established in May 2001 to, among other things, promote regional...

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Agricultural Futures

Ian Scoones.

in The Oxford Handbook of Food, Politics, and Society

January 2015; p ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Institutions. 7399 words.

Global assessments have become central to international debates on a range of key policy issues. They attempt to combine “expert assessment” with processes of “stakeholder consultation” in...

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Aid, Political Conditionality, and Other International Efforts to Support Democracy in Africa

Christine Hackenesch.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; International Relations. 8559 words.

Support for democracy, human rights, and good governance reforms in Africa has become a prominent objective in engagement by European Union (EU) institutions, EU member states, and the...

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Aldo Moro and Enrico Berlinguer

Emanuele Bernardi.

in The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics

November 2015; p ublished online February 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Institutions. 5133 words.

Moro and Berlinguer were instrumental in the rapprochement between the Communist Party and Christian Democracy (DC) in the mid-1970s. As President of the DC, Moro identified cooperation...

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American Indian Politics

David E. Wilkins.

in Political Science

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Methodology; Political Theory. 7214 words.

The 567 federally acknowledged indigenous peoples inhabiting the United States occupy a unique political niche within the larger society. Recognized as original sovereigns, they enjoy an...

The Arab-Israel Conflict

Alan Dowty.

in Political Science

P ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Methodology; Political Theory. 14376 words.

The sheer volume of literature on the Arab-Israel conflict is enormous. Most of these writings are, however, contentious, if not polemical; scholarly research occupies only one wing of the...

The Arab-Israel Conflict

Alan Dowty.

in Political Science

P ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Methodology; Political Theory. 14376 words.

The sheer volume of literature on the Arab-Israel conflict is enormous. Most of these writings are, however, contentious, if not polemical; scholarly research occupies only one wing of the...

Aristotle's Political Thought

Eugene Garver.

in Political Science

P ublished online January 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Methodology; Political Theory. 11609 words.

Aristotle divides practical science into ethics and politics. The Nicomachean Ethics ends with a transition to the Politics, setting out a program of debatable relation to what has come...

Authoritarian Legislatures

Paul Schuler and Edmund J. Malesky.

in The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies

June 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Institutions. 9723 words.

This chapter examines legislatures in authoritarian regimes. It first reviews the history of how scholars of authoritarianism have conceived institutions, along with the theoretical...

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Authoritarianism in Russia

Joel M. Ostrow.

in Political Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Methodology; Political Theory. 5558 words.

In January 1992, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, analysts and observers inside Russia and out anticipated the rise of democracy and open politics in a country whose history had only...

Authoritarianism in the Public

Elizabeth Suhay and Brianna Maurer.

in Political Science

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Methodology; Political Theory. 7072 words.

The study of the “authoritarian personality” began in Europe with the rise of Hitler as an effort to understand why so many seemingly ordinary Germans (and others) were willing to lend...

Authoritarianism in Turkey

Paul Kubicek.

in Political Science

P ublished online May 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Methodology; Political Theory. 7900 words.

Since its establishment in 1923, the Republic of Turkey has struggled to establish a stable, well-functioning democratic system. Turkey’s founding leader, Mustafa Kemal—who was given the...

Autocracy

Erica Frantz.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Theory. 7675 words.

Dictatorships have dominated global politics for hundreds of years, from the pharaohs of Egypt to the absolute monarchs of Europe. Though democracy has since spread to much of the world,...

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Belgium and the European Union

Edith Drieskens.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; International Relations. 9461 words.

Belgium is one of the six founding members of European integration, but it is often seen as a special one. In both policy and research, the country is widely known as the “heart of Europe.”...

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Bicameralism

John Uhr.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Political Institutions; Comparative Politics. 9061 words.

This article provides a review of the current research on bicameralism. It argues that there is no single model of bicameralism and no single explanatory theory. It shows that contemporary...

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Bicameralism in Stable Democracies

David Fisk.

in Political Science

P ublished online November 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Methodology; Political Theory. 8429 words.

Bicameralism refers to legislative systems that include two chambers. In presidential systems, both chambers are typically elected directly. In parliamentary systems, typically the first...

Bicameralism in Stable Democracies

David Fisk.

in Political Science

P ublished online November 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Methodology; Political Theory. 8429 words.

Bicameralism refers to legislative systems that include two chambers. In presidential systems, both chambers are typically elected directly. In parliamentary systems, typically the first...

Biopolitics and State Regulation of Human Life

Michael Laurence.

in Political Science

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Methodology; Political Theory. 7808 words.

“Biopolitics” is a term that refers to the intersection and mutual incorporation of life and politics. In literal terms, it signifies a form of politics that deals with life (Greek: bios)....