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Kimberly Theidon.

in The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict

February 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Public Policy; International Relations. 5913 words.

This chapter focuses on the absence of certain marginal groups from the United Nations’ Women, Peace, and Security Agenda and suggests correctives to those exclusions. The chapter discusses...

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Accountability and the Survival of Governments

José María Maravall.

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics

July 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Public Policy. 14713 words.

This article considers accountability and the survival of governments. A government is considered to be accountable when its citizens can hold it responsible for its actions and punish or...

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Advancing Justice and Making Amends Through Reparations

Kristin Kalla.

in The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict

February 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Public Policy; Public Administration. 4776 words.

This chapter describes the development of reparations in international humanitarian and international criminal law. It then highlights the tension between judicial reparations and the harms...

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Agenda Setting

Giandomenico Majone.

in The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Public Policy; Comparative Politics. 11265 words.

This article discusses agenda setting, and is organized into four main sections. The first section looks at the possibility that some individual or institution may hold exclusive power over...

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Arguing, Bargaining, and Getting Agreement

Lawrence Susskind.

in The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Public Policy; Comparative Politics. 10424 words.

This article discusses three options that the article dubs as arguing, bargaining, and getting agreement. It emphasizes what seem to be usefully prescriptive norms of behaviour for the...

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Assisting Civil Society and Promoting Democracy

Omar G. Encarnación.

in The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society

August 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Public Policy; Comparative Politics. 5094 words.

This article discusses issues concerning the promotion of democracy and the assisting of civil society. It explains the process of building the infrastructure of civil society assistance...

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Canadian Environmental Politics and Policy

Michael Howlett and Sima Joshi‐Koop.

in The Oxford Handbook of Canadian Politics

April 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Public Policy. 8369 words.

This article examines government engagement in environmental issues in Canada since the 1950s. It focuses on the changes that have happened during this period at the federal level. In...

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Carbon Trading: A Critique

Clive L. Spash.

in The Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society

August 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Public Policy; Comparative Politics. 5344 words.

This article explains the complexities involved in pollution control and aspects of vested interests in Carbon emissions trading schemes (ETS). As this article explains, there are two broad...

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Challenges and Reforms of Local and Regional Governments in Sweden

Lars Niklasson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Swedish Politics

December 2015; p ublished online June 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Public Policy; Comparative Politics. 7313 words.

Three major themes or waves of regional reform are distinguished—consolidation, decentralization, and collaboration combined with regionalization. Efficiency has been the main driver, while...

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Choosing Governance Systems

Oran R. Young.

in The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Public Policy; Comparative Politics. 5654 words.

This article looks at the public choices that feature in the creation of governance systems or institutional arrangements. It emphasizes the added value that can be derived from...

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Civic Knowledge

Peter Levine.

in The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society

August 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Public Policy; Comparative Politics. 5669 words.

This article discusses the relation between civil society and civic knowledge. It explains that civil society and knowledge are connected in three major ways in that civil society both...

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Civil Society and the Public Sphere

Craig Calhoun.

in The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society

August 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Public Policy. 6056 words.

This article examines the importance of the public sphere theory to civil society. It explains that theories of the public sphere developed alongside both the modern state with its powerful...

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Civil Society in China

Jude Howell.

in The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society

August 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Public Policy. 5449 words.

This article reviews the development of civil society in China since the start of economic reforms in the late 1970s. It examines the key constraints and opportunities shaping the past and...

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Civil Society in India

Neera Chandhoke.

in The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society

August 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Public Policy. 5324 words.

This article explores the specific features of civil society in India and their implications for the concept of civil society in general. It traces the discovery of civil society and...

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Civil Society in Latin America

Evelina Dagnino.

in The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society

August 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Public Policy. 5381 words.

This article focuses on civil society in Latin America. It examines the various understandings of civil society in Latin America and explores the factors underlying their diversity. It...

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Civil Society in Post-Communist Europe

Marc Morjé Howard.

in The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society

August 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Public Policy. 5058 words.

This article examines the history of civil society in post-communist regions in Europe. A closer look at the regions shows that shortly after the revolutionary moment had passed, people...

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Civil Society in Sub-Saharan Africa

Ebenezer Obadare.

in The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society

August 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Public Policy. 5249 words.

This article provides a critical survey of the contemporary history of civil society in sub-Saharan Africa. It discusses criticisms on the alleged weaknesses of contemporary civil society...

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Civil Society in the Digital Age

Roberta G. Lentz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society

August 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Public Policy. 5504 words.

This article examines the place of civil society in the digital age and the role of technology in civil society. It explains that research and commentary about the role of information and...

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Civil Society in the Middle East

Eberhard Kienle.

in The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society

August 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Public Policy. 6014 words.

This article explores the history of civil society in the Middle East. It suggests that the fate of civil society in the region has been closely tied to the political regimes in place and...

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Climate Change and Agriculture

Derrill D. Watson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Food, Politics, and Society

January 2015; p ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Public Policy. 10032 words.

Complementarities between improving agricultural production, adapting to climate change, and reducing poverty are likely to increase with climate change. Thus, the worse you believe the...

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