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Analyzing Constitutions

Peter M. Shane.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Politics and Law; Comparative Politics. 11161 words.

This article looks at constitutions. The status and function of constitutions are discussed in the first section of the chapter. It then discusses implementing key founding bargains and...

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Canada’s LGBT Movement

David Rayside.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online May 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Behaviour; Politics and Law. 12121 words.

The Canadian LGBT movement has had enormous success in gaining political and legal recognition for sexual minorities—as much as any of its sister movements in other countries. This is...

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Catholic Church Advocacy and the Affordable Care Act

Jeanine Kraybill.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Politics and Law. 10439 words.

The American Catholic Church has a long history in health care. At the turn of 19th century, Catholic nuns began developing the United States’ first hospital and health care systems,...

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Citizenship Law as the Foundation for Political Participation in Africa

Bronwen Manby.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Politics and Law; International Relations. 13853 words.

The question of membership and belonging is widely recognized to have been at the root of many political crises in Africa since independence. The legal frameworks for citizenship were...

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Comparative Constitutions

Josep M. Colomer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Politics and Law; Comparative Politics. 8838 words.

This article studies comparative constitutions. It begins with a look at the origins and evolution of constitutional models. The next section concentrates on the constitutional regime...

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Comparative Constitutions

Josep M. Colomer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Science

July 2011; p ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Politics and Law; Comparative Politics. 8855 words.

This article studies comparative constitutions. It begins with a look at the origins and evolution of constitutional models. The next section concentrates on the constitutional regime...

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Comparative Federalism and the Role of the Judiciary

Daniel Halberstam.

in The Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics

August 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Politics and Law. 10190 words.

The distinctive feature of federalism is to locate the central and constituent governments' respective claims of organizational autonomy and jurisdictional authority within a set of...

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Comparative Judicial Politics

John Ferejohn, Frances Rosenbluth and Charles R. Shipan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics

July 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Politics and Law. 12383 words.

This article studies comparative judicial politics, and presents a systematic definition of judicial independence. It presents theoretical explanations — positive and normative — for...

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Complementarity as a Catalyst for Gender Justice in National Prosecutions

Amrita Kapur.

in The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict

February 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Politics and Law. 6416 words.

This chapter explores the opportunities present in the Rome Statute to promote justice for victims of sexual and gender-based violence in the International Criminal Court (ICC). It focuses...

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Constitution

Peter H. Russell.

in The Oxford Handbook of Canadian Politics

April 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Politics and Law. 8805 words.

Canada is one of the oldest constitutional democracies in the world. Its founding Constitution, the British North America Act (BNA Act) was enacted by the British Parliament in 1867. While...

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Constitutional Law

Axel Tschentscher.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Politics and Law. 7464 words.

Research on constitutional law has come in different waves mirroring the development of states in recent decades. While the decolonization period of the 1960s still kept the old ties of...

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Constitutionalism

Russell Hardin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Economy

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Politics and Law; Comparative Politics. 11631 words.

This article discusses constitutionalism, particularly the two main schools of constitutional theorizing: coordination theories and contractarian theories. It then tries to determine what...

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Constitutions As Expressive Documents

Geoffrey Brennan and Alan Hamlin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Economy

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Politics and Law; Comparative Politics. 6083 words.

This article looks at constitutions as expressive documents. Two concepts are the main focus of this article: the constitution and the notion of expressiveness. The article tries to clarify...

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Courts

James B. Kelly and Christopher P. Manfredi.

in The Oxford Handbook of Canadian Politics

April 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Politics and Law. 6970 words.

The judiciary plays a prominent role in the maintenance and development of the Canadian constitutional system. Apart from maintaining the rule of law and the administration of justice, the...

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Courts in Latin American Politics

Ezequiel Gonzalez-Ocantos.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Political Behaviour; Politics and Law. 10317 words.

In the aftermath of the third wave of democratization, Latin American courts left behind decades of subservience, conservatism, and irrelevance to become central political players. They now...

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Democratic Backsliding in the European Union

Nick Sitter and Elisabeth Bakke.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online August 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Public Administration; Political Economy; Political Institutions; Politics and Law. 8799 words.

Democratic backsliding in European Union (EU) member states is not only a policy challenge for the EU, but also a potential existential crisis. If the EU does too little to deal with member...

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Electoral System Design in New Democracies

John M. Carey.

in The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems

April 2018; p ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Politics and Law. 9234 words.

Elections in the wake of dramatic transitions from authoritarian regimes to democracy may confront voters with choices that are unattractive or bewildering, or both. This chapter examines...

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Enlargement Policy and European Union Politics

Eli Gateva.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Public Administration; Politics and Law; International Relations. 13322 words.

Enlargement has always been an essential part of the European integration. Each enlargement round has left its mark on the integration project. However, it was the expansion of the European...

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The Evolution of Same-Sex Marriage Policy in the United States

Sarah Poggione.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online August 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Institutions; Politics and Law; Political Behaviour. 9335 words.

On June 26, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court determined that same-sex couples have the right to marry, and newspapers across the country declared that gay couples could now exercise this right...

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Gender, Law, and Judging

Susan Haire and Laura P. Moyer.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Politics and Law. 11090 words.

Increased diversity among participants in the justice system, particularly judges, has fueled debates about the values and perspectives that women bring to the law. Difference theories...

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