Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-20 of 225 items for:

Comparative Politics x Social Sciences x Political Economy x clear all

Africa’s Political Economy in the Contemporary Era

Peter M. Lewis.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Politics of Development

July 2018; p ublished online May 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 14622 words.

This article discusses Africa’s political economy in the contemporary era. It begins with an overview of various theories, models and debates that address African economic performance...

Go to »  abstract

Agency and Gender Norms in War Economies

Patti Petesch.

in The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict

February 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 5133 words.

This chapter describes shifts in gender roles and agency during times of conflict, noting that the changes men and women experience are interdependent and arguing that a conflict period may...

Go to »  abstract

Agroecological Intensification of Smallholder Farming

Rebecca Nelson and Richard Coe.

in The Oxford Handbook of Food, Politics, and Society

January 2015; p ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 11699 words.

The smallholder farmers who cultivate many of the planet’s diverse production systems are faced with numerous challenges, including poverty, shrinking farm sizes, degrading natural...

Go to »  abstract

Albert O. Hirschman, Exit, Voice and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States

Keith Dowding.

in The Oxford Handbook of Classics in Public Policy and Administration

March 2015; p ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 7700 words.

This chapter discusses Albert Hirschman’s Exit, Voice and Loyalty, a classic known for its relatively simple argument that has found many applications in fields ranging from personal...

Go to »  abstract

Alternative Paths to Food Security

Norman Uphoff.

in The Oxford Handbook of Food, Politics, and Society

January 2015; p ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Political Economy; Comparative Politics. 12597 words.

This chapter examines an agroecological approach to agricultural development called the System of Rice Intensification (SRI). SRI can boost paddy yields by 50 to 100 percent using less...

Go to »  abstract

Ambiguous Transformations

Eric Helleiner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State

June 2015; p ublished online October 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 8019 words.

Over the past century, international financial crises have often helped transform the role of the state within domestic economies as well as the nature of economic relations between states....

Go to »  abstract

Anthony Downs, “Up and Down with Ecology: The ‘Issue-Attention’ Cycle”

Kuhika Gupta and Hank Jenkins-Smith.

in The Oxford Handbook of Classics in Public Policy and Administration

March 2015; p ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Political Economy; Comparative Politics. 4447 words.

This chapter comments on Anthony Downs’s 1972 seminal paper “Up and Down with Ecology: The ‘Issue-Attention’ Cycle,” which tackles the concept of “public” or “issue” attention. Focusing on...

Go to »  abstract

Appointing Ideologues, Partisans, and Loyalists

Despina Alexiadou.

in Ideologues, Partisans, and Loyalists

March 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy; Comparative Politics. 5761 words.

When and why should party leaders appoint ideologues and partisans over loyalists? This chapter develops a theory of ministerial appointments, which stresses the strategic nature of the...

Go to »  abstract

Authenticity and Sustainability in Responsible Tourism

Jane Carnaffan.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 346 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article.

Tourism is...

Go to »  abstract

Authoritarian Government

Stephen Haber.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Economy

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Political Economy; Comparative Politics. 7082 words.

This article discusses authoritarian government, and argues that the literature on authoritarianism can be integrated into a unified framework that explains variance in economic performance...

Go to »  abstract

Authoritarian Turnover and Change in Comparative Perspective

Jeremy Wallace.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; International Relations; Political Economy. 9370 words.

Most people in human history have lived under some kind of nondemocratic rule. Political scientists, on the other hand, have focused most efforts on democracies. The borders demarcating...

Go to »  abstract

Babies Hurt Development, Except When We’re Modern (Developing World 1980–Present)

Richard Togman.

in Nationalizing Sex

April 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 9094 words.

Chapter 10 traces the dramatic and sustained burst in anti-natalist activity within the developing world over the last forty years. Between 1976 and 2011 the number of least-developed...

Go to »  abstract

Babies Will Save Us

Richard Togman.

in Nationalizing Sex

April 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 10530 words.

Chapter 9 examines the transnationalization of the neo-mercantilist discourse among developed world states. Tracing its origins to developments in France and the Soviet Union, this chapter...

Go to »  abstract

The Bank of Italy

Lucia Quaglia.

in The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics

November 2015; p ublished online February 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 4974 words.

Government weakness and political fragmentation lie at the roots of the Bank’s importance in economic governance. The Bank maintained independence in appointments throughout the postwar...

Go to »  abstract

The Banking Union in Europe

Lucia Quaglia.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; International Relations; Political Economy. 8400 words.

The banking union is considered to be one of the main steps in economic integration in the European Union. Given the rather recent establishment of this policy, academic research on the...

Go to »  abstract

Biofuels

David Pimentel and Michael Burgess.

in The Oxford Handbook of Food, Politics, and Society

January 2015; p ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 10153 words.

A rapidly growing world population and an even more rapidly growing consumption of fossil fuels are increasing demand for both food and biofuels, which will exaggerate both the food and...

Go to »  abstract

Britain: The First Modern Industrial Economy

William R. Thompson and Leila Zakhirova.

in Racing to the Top

December 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 8178 words.

The British Industrial Revolution is one of the most famous economic growth stories. Once a peripheral economy, Britain later became the center of the world economy, occupying a position of...

Go to »  abstract

Cannon Fodder for the Crown (Europe 1600–1776)

Richard Togman.

in Nationalizing Sex

April 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 4489 words.

Chapter 2 explores the origins of natalist thought, tracing thinking on fertility to the scientific revolutions of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, in which modern forms of power...

Go to »  abstract

Capitalism and Democracy

Torben Iversen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Science

July 2011; p ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 11339 words.

This article discusses three different approaches to the study of democratic redistribution. It starts by considering the recent literature on capitalism as an economic system, and how the...

Go to »  abstract

Capitalism and Democracy

Torben Iversen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Economy

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Comparative Politics; Political Economy. 11203 words.

This article discusses three different approaches to the study of democratic redistribution. It starts by considering the recent literature on capitalism as an economic system, and how the...

Go to »  abstract