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African-American Political Participation

Tasha S. Philpot and Hanes Walton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Racial and Ethnic Politics in the United States

P ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: US Politics; Comparative Politics; Politics. 6048 words.

This chapter describes the evolution of African-American political participation. Beginning with early findings in Black political participation, it discusses the major paradigm shifts in...

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American Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations

Alberta M. Sbragia.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Comparative Politics. 9168 words.

This article provides an analysis of the shape of American federalism. The first section looks at territorial politics, and is followed by a discussion of territorial governments and...

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American Religious Liberty in International Perspective

John Witte.

in The Oxford Handbook of Church and State in the United States

November 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Comparative Politics. 8762 words.

This article compares the modern American religious liberty law with the prevailing international perspective on religious law. This comparative analysis enlightens, from a fresh...

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The American State

Desmond King and Robert Lieberman.

in The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development

August 2016; p ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Comparative Politics. 13464 words.

This chapter introduces the complex and extensive scholarly literature that political scientists have generated about the American federal State. It is organized into four sections and...

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Assessing Performance

Keith Banting, Jack Nagel, Chelsea Schafer and Daniel Westlake.

in The United States and Canada

October 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: US Politics; Comparative Politics. 10614 words.

This chapter asks whether standard theories of differences between Canada and the United States (U.S.) can explain disparities in critical social and political outcomes in the two...

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Bureaucratic Influence and Policymaking

John R. McAndrews, Bert A. Rockman and Colin Campbell.

in The United States and Canada

October 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: US Politics; Comparative Politics. 14638 words.

This chapter examines the influence that senior career officials in the bureaucracy have on the policy decisions that politicians make. It argues that institutional differences tend to...

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Canada–United States Relations

Stephen Brooks.

in The Oxford Handbook of Canadian Politics

April 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Comparative Politics; US Politics. 8297 words.

Canada and the U.S. emerged as close military allies in World War II, a partnership that was deepened and institutionalized during the Cold War years of the 1950s. This was the era of the s...

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The Christian Right and Church–State Issues

Clyde Wilcox and Sam Potolicchio.

in The Oxford Handbook of Church and State in the United States

November 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Comparative Politics. 7590 words.

This article discusses the Christian Right and their role in some of the church–state issues. In the late 1970s, the Moral Majority and the Christian Right were established. The focus of...

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Civil Society in the United States

Theda Skocpol.

in The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society

August 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Comparative Politics. 5829 words.

This article examines the history of civil society in the U.S. It explores contemporary civic reorganizations by providing a snapshot of classic U.S. civic democracy and a glimpse at the...

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Comparative Politics and American Political Development

Kimberly J. Morgan.

in The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development

August 2016; p ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Comparative Politics. 8541 words.

The subfields of comparative politics and American political development (APD) have many intellectual affinities, as APD brought many of the questions and methods of comparative politics to...

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Congress and American Political Development

Eric Schickler and Ruth Bloch Rubin.

in The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development

August 2016; p ublished online October 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Comparative Politics. 13384 words.

While early works in American political development (APD) incorporated congressional actors in accounts of state-building, policymaking, and social reform, there is a growing body of...

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Connecting Interest Groups to the Presidency

Burdett A. Loomis.

in The Oxford Handbook of the American Presidency

August 2009; p ublished online May 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Comparative Politics. 10180 words.

This article explores the core findings and trends within the patchy scholarship that links presidents, lobbying, and interest groups, and then suggests ways for scholars to construct a...

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The Development of the Congressional Committee System

Eric Schickler.

in The Oxford Handbook of the American Congress

March 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Comparative Politics. 12632 words.

The congressional committee defines the motivations behind the decisions on congressional organization. They also play a critical role in shaping policy outcomes and in defining Congress's...

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Economic Policy

William Keech and William Scarth.

in The United States and Canada

October 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: US Politics; Comparative Politics. 10822 words.

This chapter identifies the differing policies and outcomes that Canadians and Americans have pursued with respect to economic growth, stabilization, and income distribution, and it...

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Electoral and Party Systems

André Blais, Shaun Bowler and Bernard Grofman.

in The United States and Canada

October 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: US Politics; Comparative Politics. 15161 words.

Electoral laws are often regarded as the key factors structuring party competition. Yet, despite having very similar electoral systems, reflecting a shared colonial legacy, the United...

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Environmental Policy

Kathryn Harrison.

in The United States and Canada

October 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: US Politics; Comparative Politics. 9706 words.

Although Canada and the United States (U.S.) have a special responsibility to act on climate change given per capita greenhouse gas emissions among the highest in the world, both have...

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Executive Leadership and the Legislative Process

Jonathan Malloy and Paul J. Quirk.

in The United States and Canada

October 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: US Politics; Comparative Politics. 16498 words.

This chapter examines executive leadership and the legislative process in the United States (U.S.) and Canada. The U.S. has a separation-of-powers or presidential system while Canada has a...

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Federalism

Richard Simeon and Beryl A. Radin.

in The United States and Canada

October 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: US Politics; Comparative Politics. 12892 words.

The federal systems of Canada and the United States (U.S.) are difficult to define both individually and in comparative terms. They are similar in some ways yet very different in others....

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The Founding Era (1774–1797) and the Constitutional Provision for Religion

John F. Wilson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Church and State in the United States

November 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Comparative Politics. 10271 words.

This article explores and explains how religious belief and practice related to governmental authority played in the founding of the American nation. From 1774 to 1779, the American nation...

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The Fragmented American Welfare State

Daniel Béland, Christopher Howard and Kimberly J. Morgan.

in Oxford Handbook of U.S. Social Policy

December 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Comparative Politics. 8879 words.

In the United States, the welfare state has long been a source of political and academic debate, and this volume pulls together much of our current knowledge about its origins, development,...

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